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Title: Structural Basis for the Diminished Ligand Binding and Catalytic Ability of Human Fetal-Specific CYP3A7.

Authors: Sevrioukova, Irina F

Published In Int J Mol Sci, (2021 May 29)

Abstract: Cytochrome P450 3A7 (CYP3A7) is a fetal/neonatal liver enzyme that participates in estriol synthesis, clearance of all-trans retinoic acid, and xenobiotic metabolism. Compared to the closely related major drug-metabolizing enzyme in adult liver, CYP3A4, the ligand binding and catalytic capacity of CYP3A7 are substantially reduced. To better understand the structural basis for these functional differences, the 2.15 Å crystal structure of CYP3A7 has been solved. Comparative analysis of CYP3A enzymes shows that decreased structural plasticity rather than the active site microenvironment defines the ligand binding ability of CYP3A7. In particular, a rotameric switch in the gatekeeping amino acid F304 triggers local and long-range rearrangements that transmit to the F-G fragment and alter its interactions with the I-E-D-helical core, resulting in a more rigid structure. Elongation of the β3-β4 strands, H-bond linkage in the substrate channel, and steric constraints in the C-terminal loop further increase the active site rigidity and limit conformational ensemble. Collectively, these structural distinctions lower protein plasticity and change the heme environment, which, in turn, could impede the spin-state transition essential for optimal reactivity and oxidation of substrates.

PubMed ID: 34072457 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Amino Acid Sequence; Amino Acids; Binding Sites; Catalysis; Catalytic Domain; Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/chemistry*; Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/genetics; Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/metabolism; Humans; Ligands*; Molecular Conformation; Molecular Docking Simulation; Molecular Dynamics Simulation; Molecular Structure; Mutation; Polymorphism, Genetic; Protein Binding; Structure-Activity Relationship; Substrate Specificity

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