Title: Bisphenol A affects the pulse rate of Lumbriculus variegatus via an estrogenic mechanism.
Authors: Wang, Yuyang; Wang, Hong-Sheng
Published In Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol, (2021 Oct)
Abstract: Invertebrates are recognized as important species in endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) testing. However, it is poorly understood whether the effects of EDCs in invertebrates are mediated by hormonal mechanisms. Previously, we showed that bisphenol A (BPA) affected the physiology of the freshwater oligochaete Lumbriculus variegatus. In the present study, we examined the mechanism of the impact of BPA on L. variegatus, using pulse rate of the dorsal blood vessel (DBV) as an endpoint. Both long term and acute exposures to BPA increased the pulsing rate of DBV. The former had a distinct inverted-U dose response relationship with a most efficacious dose of 10-9 M, which increased the pulse rate from 8.97 to 10.9 beats/min. The effects of BPA were mimicked by the synthetic estrogen ethinylestradiol with a most efficacious dose of 10-12 M. Interestingly E2 had no effect on pulsing rate, either acute or long term. The sensitivity of L. variegatus to estrogens were exquisite, with detectable effects at 10-14 to 10-10 M range. Both the long term and acute effects of BPA were partially or fully blocked by various vertebrate estrogen receptor (ER) antagonists, including ICI 182,780, MPP and G15. Our results suggest that the impact of BPA on pulsing rate of L. variegatus is likely mediated by an estrogenic mechanism instead of general toxicity. The exceptionally high sensitivity of L. variegatus to some estrogens makes it a possible tool for estrogenic EDC screening.
PubMed ID: 34119654
MeSH Terms: Animals; Benzhydryl Compounds/toxicity*; Endocrine Disruptors/toxicity*; Estrogens, Non-Steroidal/toxicity; Oligochaeta/drug effects*; Phenols/toxicity*; Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity*