Title: Formation and repair of unavoidable, endogenous interstrand cross-links in cellular DNA.
Authors: Housh, Kurt; Jha, Jay S; Haldar, Tuhin; Amin, Saosan Binth Md; Islam, Tanhaul; Wallace, Amanda; Gomina, Anuoluwapo; Guo, Xu; Nel, Christopher; Wyatt, Jesse W; Gates, Kent S
Published In DNA Repair (Amst), (2021 02)
Abstract: Genome integrity is essential for life and, as a result, DNA repair systems evolved to remove unavoidable DNA lesions from cellular DNA. Many forms of life possess the capacity to remove interstrand DNA cross-links (ICLs) from their genome but the identity of the naturally-occurring, endogenous substrates that drove the evolution and retention of these DNA repair systems across a wide range of life forms remains uncertain. In this review, we describe more than a dozen chemical processes by which endogenous ICLs plausibly can be introduced into cellular DNA. The majority involve DNA degradation processes that introduce aldehyde residues into the double helix or reactions of DNA with endogenous low molecular weight aldehyde metabolites. A smaller number of the cross-linking processes involve reactions of DNA radicals generated by oxidation.
PubMed ID: 33385969
MeSH Terms: Animals; DNA Adducts/metabolism*; DNA Repair*; Humans