Title: Nephrotoxic Metal Mixtures and Preadolescent Kidney Function.
Authors: Levin-Schwartz, Yuri; Politis, Maria D; Gennings, Chris; Tamayo-Ortiz, Marcela; Flores, Daniel; Amarasiriwardena, Chitra; Pantic, Ivan; Tolentino, Mari Cruz; Estrada-Gutierrez, Guadalupe; Lamadrid-Figueroa, Hector; Tellez-Rojo, Martha M; Baccarelli, Andrea A; Wright, Robert O; Sanders, Alison P
Published In Children (Basel), (2021 Aug 02)
Abstract: Exposure to metals including lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and arsenic (As), may impair kidney function as individual toxicants or in mixtures. However, no single medium is ideal to study multiple metals simultaneously. We hypothesized that multi-media biomarkers (MMBs), integrated indices combining information across biomarkers, are informative of adverse kidney function. Levels of Pb, Cd, and As were quantified in blood and urine in 4-6-year-old Mexican children (n = 300) in the PROGRESS longitudinal cohort study. We estimated the mixture effects of these metals, using weighted quantile sum regression (WQS) applied to urine biomarkers (Umix), blood biomarkers (Bmix), and MMBs, on the cystatin C-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and serum cystatin C assessed at 8-10 years of age, adjusted for covariates. Quartile increases in Umix and the MMB mixture were associated with 2.5% (95%CI: 0.1, 5.0) and 3.0% (95%CI: 0.2, 5.7) increased eGFR and -2.6% (95% CI: -5.1%, -0.1%) and -3.3% (95% CI: -6.5%, -0.1%) decreased cystatin C, respectively. Weights indicate that the strongest contributors to the associations with eGFR and serum cystatin C were Cd and Pb, respectively. MMBs detected mixture effects distinct from associations with individual metals or media-type, highlighting the benefits of incorporating information from multiple exposure media in mixtures analyses.
PubMed ID: 34438564
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication