Title: Stem-loop binding protein and metal carcinogenesis.
Authors: Bradford, Beatrix R; Jin, Chunyuan
Published In Semin Cancer Biol, (2021 11)
Abstract: Pre-mRNA processing of the replication-dependent canonical histone mRNAs requires an endonucleolytic cleavage immediately after a conserved stem loop structure which occurs before RNA Pol II encounters any poly(A) signal. Thus, in contrast to all other eukaryotic mRNAs, the canonical histone mRNAs are not polyadenylated in their 3' ends. The binding of stem-loop binding protein (SLBP) to the stem loop structure of the histone mRNAs is required for this process. SLBP is also involved in regulation of histone mRNA nuclear export, degradation, and translation. Depletion of SLBP has been shown to induce polyadenylation of histone mRNAs and alteration of histone protein levels, which are considered to contribute to the observed aberrant cell cycle progress and genomic instability resulting from the loss of SLBP function. Recent studies have demonstrated that some heavy metal carcinogens, including arsenic and nickel, can induce the loss of SLBP and the gain of polyadenylation of canonical histone mRNAs. Polyadenylated canonical histone H3 can result in abnormal transcription, cell cycle arrest, genomic instability, and cell transformation, which links SLBP depletion and subsequent histone mRNA misprocessing to cancer. This review seeks to briefly summarize what is known about regulation of SLBP expression, consequences of SLBP depletion, its roles in cancer-related end points, with particular focus on metal-induced SLBP depletion and the potential of SLBP depletion as a new mechanism for metal-induced carcinogenesis.
PubMed ID: 34416372
MeSH Terms: Animals; Carcinogenesis/chemically induced*; Humans; Metals, Heavy/adverse effects*; Nuclear Proteins/drug effects*; mRNA Cleavage and Polyadenylation Factors/drug effects*