Title: Sortase-Mediated Phage Decoration for Analytical Applications.
Authors: Ding, Yuan; Chen, He; Li, Jiao; Huang, Lianrun; Song, Guangyue; Li, Zhenfeng; Hua, Xiude; Gonzalez-Sapienza, Gualberto; Hammock, Bruce D; Wang, Minghua
Published In Anal Chem, (2021 08 31)
Abstract: Phage-borne peptides and antibody fragments isolated from phage display libraries have proven to be versatile and valuable reagents for immunoassay development. Due to the lack of convenient and mild-condition methods for the labeling of the phage particles, isolated peptide/protein affinity ligands are commonly removed from the viral particles and conjugated to protein tracers or nanoparticles for analytical use. This abolishes the advantage of isolating ready-to-use affinity binders and creates the risk of affecting the polypeptide activity. To circumvent this problem, we optimized the phage display system to produce phage particles that express the affinity binder on pIII and a polyglycine short peptide fused to pVIII that allows the covalent attachment of tracer molecules employing sortase A. Using a llama heavy chain only variable domain (VHH) against the herbicide 2,4-D on pIII as the model, we showed that the phage can be extensively decorated with a rhodamine-LPETGG peptide conjugate or the protein nanoluciferase (Nluc) equipped with a C-terminal LPETGG peptide. The maximum labeling amounts of rhodamine-LPETGG and Nluc-LPETGG were 1238 ± 63 and 102 ± 16 per phage, respectively. The Nluc-labeled dual display phage was employed to develop a phage bioluminescent immunoassay (P-BLEIA) for the detection of 2,4-D. The limit of detection and 50% inhibition concentration of P-BLEIA were 0.491 and 2.15 ng mL-1, respectively, which represent 16-fold and 8-fold improvement compared to the phage enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, the P-BLEIA showed good accuracy for the detection of 2,4-D in spiked samples.
PubMed ID: 34415158
MeSH Terms: Bacteriophages*; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Immunoassay; Immunoglobulin Fragments; Peptide Library