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Title: Influences of environmental exposures on preterm lung disease.

Authors: Collaco, Joseph M; Aoyama, Brianna C; Rice, Jessica L; McGrath-Morrow, Sharon A

Published In Expert Rev Respir Med, (2021 10)

Abstract: Introduction: Environmental factors play a critical role in the progression or resolution of chronic respiratory diseases. However, studies are limited on the impact of environmental risk factors on individuals born prematurely with lung disease after they leave the neonatal intensive care unit and are discharged into the home environment.Areas covered: In this review, we cover current knowledge of environmental exposures that impact outcomes of preterm respiratory disease, including air pollution, infections, and disparities. The limited data do suggest that certain exposures should be avoided and there are potential preventative strategies for other exposures. There is a need for additional research outside the neonatal intensive care unit that focuses on individual and community-level factors that affect long-term outcomes.Expert opinion: Preterm respiratory disease can impose a significant burden on infants, children, and young adults born prematurely, but may improve for many individuals over time. In this review, we outline the exposures that may potentially hasten, delay, or prevent resolution of lung injury in preterm children.

PubMed ID: 34114906 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Child; Environmental Exposure/adverse effects; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Lung Diseases*/diagnosis; Lung Diseases*/epidemiology; Lung Diseases*/etiology; Respiratory Tract Diseases*; Young Adult

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