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Publication Detail

Title: Genome-wide analysis of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine at single-nucleotide resolution unveils reduced occurrence of oxidative damage at G-quadruplex sites.

Authors: An, Jiao; Yin, Mengdie; Yin, Jiayong; Wu, Sizhong; Selby, Christopher P; Yang, Yanyan; Sancar, Aziz; Xu, Guo-Liang; Qian, Maoxiang; Hu, Jinchuan

Published In Nucleic Acids Res, (2021 12 02)

Abstract: 8-Oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (OG), one of the most common oxidative DNA damages, causes genome instability and is associated with cancer, neurological diseases and aging. In addition, OG and its repair intermediates can regulate gene transcription, and thus play a role in sensing cellular oxidative stress. However, the lack of methods to precisely map OG has hindered the study of its biological roles. Here, we developed a single-nucleotide resolution OG-sequencing method, named CLAPS-seq (Chemical Labeling And Polymerase Stalling Sequencing), to measure the genome-wide distribution of both exogenous and endogenous OGs with high specificity. Our data identified decreased OG occurrence at G-quadruplexes (G4s), in association with underrepresentation of OGs in promoters which have high GC content. Furthermore, we discovered that potential quadruplex sequences (PQSs) were hotspots of OGs, implying a role of non-G4-PQSs in OG-mediated oxidative stress response.

PubMed ID: 34788860 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine/analysis*; Algorithms; DNA Damage*; DNA/chemistry; DNA/genetics; DNA/metabolism; Feasibility Studies; G-Quadruplexes*; Genome, Human/genetics*; Genome-Wide Association Study/methods*; HeLa Cells; Humans; Nucleotides/genetics*; Nucleotides/metabolism; Oxidative Stress; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics; Reproducibility of Results; Sequence Analysis, DNA/methods

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