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Publication Detail

Title: Formation and Repair of an Interstrand DNA Cross-Link Arising from a Common Endogenous Lesion.

Authors: Housh, Kurt; Jha, Jay S; Yang, Zhiyu; Haldar, Tuhin; Johnson, Kevin M; Yin, Jiekai; Wang, Yinsheng; Gates, Kent S

Published In J Am Chem Soc, (2021 09 22)

Abstract: Interstrand DNA cross-links (ICLs) are cytotoxic because they block the strand separation required for read-out and replication of the genetic information in duplex DNA. The unavoidable formation of ICLs in cellular DNA may contribute to aging, neurodegeneration, and cancer. Here, we describe the formation and properties of a structurally complex ICL derived from an apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site, which is one of the most common endogenous lesions in cellular DNA. The results characterize a cross-link arising from aza-Michael addition of the N2-amino group of a guanine residue to the electrophilic sugar remnant generated by spermine-mediated strand cleavage at an AP site in duplex DNA. An α,β-unsaturated iminium ion is the critical intermediate involved in ICL formation. Studies employing the bacteriophage φ29 polymerase provided evidence that this ICL can block critical DNA transactions that require strand separation. The results of biochemical studies suggest that this complex strand break/ICL might be repaired by a simple mechanism in which the 3'-exonuclease action of the enzyme apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE1) unhooks the cross-link to initiate repair via the single-strand break repair pathway.

PubMed ID: 34516735 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: DNA Damage*; DNA Repair*; DNA/chemistry*; Nucleic Acid Conformation

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