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Title: Environmental-level exposure to metals and metal-mixtures associated with spirometry-defined lung disease in American Indian adults: Evidence from the Strong Heart Study.

Authors: Sobel, Marisa; Navas-Acien, Ana; Powers, Martha; Grau-Perez, Maria; Goessler, Walter; Best, Lyle G; Umans, Jason; Oelsner, Elizabeth C; Podolanczuk, Anna; Sanchez, Tiffany R

Published In Environ Res, (2022 May 01)

Abstract: BACKGROUND: American Indians have a higher burden of chronic lung disease compared to the US average. Several metals are known to induce chronic lung disease at high exposure levels; however, less is known about the role of environmental-level metal exposure. We investigated respiratory effects of exposure to single metals and metal-mixtures in American Indians who participated in the Strong Heart Study. METHODS: We included 2077 participants with data on 6 metals (As, Cd, Mo, Se, W, Zn) measured from baseline urine samples (1989-1991) and who underwent spirometry testing at follow-up (1993-1995). We used generalized linear regression to assess associations of single metals with spirometry-defined measures of airflow limitation and restrictive ventilatory pattern, and continuous spirometry. We used Bayesian Kernel Machine Regression to investigate the joint effects of the metal-mixture. Sensitivity analyses included stratifying by smoking status and diabetes. RESULTS: Participants were 40% male, with median age 55 years. 21% had spirometry-defined airflow limitation, and 14% had a restrictive ventilatory pattern. In individual metal analyses, Cd was associated with higher odds of airflow limitation and lower FEV1 and FEV1/FVC. Mo was associated with higher odds of restrictive ventilatory pattern and lower FVC. Metal-mixtures analyses confirmed these models. In smoking stratified analyses, the overall metal-mixture was linearly and positively associated with airflow limitation among non-smokers; Cd was the strongest contributor. For restrictive ventilatory pattern, the association with the overall metal-mixture was strong and linear among participants with diabetes and markedly attenuated among participants without diabetes. Among those with diabetes, Mo and Zn were the major contributors. CONCLUSIONS: Environmental-level exposure to several metals was associated with higher odds of spirometry-defined lung disease in an American Indian population. Exposure to multiple metals, including Cd and Mo, may have an under-recognized adverse role on the respiratory system.

PubMed ID: 34653410 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

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