Title: Attenuation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH)-Mediated Pulmonary DNA Adducts and Cytochrome P450 (CYP)1B1 by Dietary Antioxidants, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, in Mice.
Authors: Zhou, Guodong; Jiang, Weiwu; Xia, Guobin; Wang, Lihua; Richardson, Molly; Chu, Chun; Moorthy, Bhagavatula
Published In Antioxidants (Basel), (2022 Jan 05)
Abstract: Numerous human and animal studies have reported positive correlation between carcinogen-DNA adduct levels and cancer occurrence. Therefore, attenuation of DNA adduct levels would be expected to suppress tumorigenesis. In this investigation, we report that the antioxidants omega 3-fatty acids, which are constituents of fish oil (FO), significantly decreased DNA adduct formation by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). B6C3F1 male mice were fed an FO or corn oil (CO) diet, or A/J male mice were pre-fed with omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and/or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). While the B6C3F1 mice were administered two doses of a mixture of seven carcinogenic PAHs including benzo(a)pyrene (BP), the A/J mice were treated i.p. with pure benzo[a]pyrene (BP). Animals were euthanized after 1, 3, or 7 d after PAH treatment. DNA adduct levels were measured by the 32P-postlabeling assay. Our results showed that DNA adduct levels in the lungs of mice 7 d after treatment were significantly decreased in the FO or EPA/DHA groups compared with the CO group. Interestingly, both qPCR and Western blot analyses revealed that FO, DHA and EPA/DHA significantly decreased the expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1B1. CYP1B1 plays a critical role in the metabolic activation of BP to DNA-reactive metabolites. qPCR also showed that the expression of some metabolic and DNA repair genes was induced by BP and inhibited by FO or omega-3 fatty acids in liver, but not lung. Our results suggest that a combination of mechanism entailing CYP1B1 inhibition and the modulation of DNA repair genes contribute to the attenuation of PAH-mediated carcinogenesis by omega 3 fatty acids.
PubMed ID: 35052622
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication