Title: Phosphate-triggered ratiometric fluoroimmunoassay based on nanobody-alkaline phosphatase fusion for sensitive detection of 1-naphthol for the exposure assessment of pesticide carbaryl.
Authors: Chen, Zi-Jian; Wu, Hui-Ling; Shen, Yu-Dong; Wang, Hong; Zhang, Yi-Feng; Hammock, Bruce; Li, Zhen-Feng; Luo, Lin; Lei, Hong-Tao; Xu, Zhen-Lin
Published In J Hazard Mater, (2022 Feb 15)
Abstract: The excessive use of carbaryl has resulted in the risk of its exposure. In this study, we isolated six nanobodies (Nbs) from a camelid phage display library against the biomarker of carbaryl, 1-naphthol (1-NAP). Owing to its characteristics of easy genetic modifications, we produced a nanobody-alkaline phosphatase (Nb-CC4-ALP) fusion protein with good stability. A dual-emission system based ratiometric fluoroimmunoassay (RFIA) for quick and highly sensitive determination of 1-NAP was developed. Silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) was used as an internal reference and for aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) of gold nanoclusters (AuNCs), while AuNCs could be quenched by MnO2 via oxidation. In the presence of ALP, ascorbic acid phosphate (AAP) can be transformed into ascorbic acid (AA), the later can etch MnO2 to recover the fluorescence of the AuNCs. Based on optimal conditions, the proposed assay showed 220-fold sensitivity improvement in comparison with conventional monoclonal antibody-based ELISA. The recovery test of urine samples and the validation by standard HPLC-FLD demonstrated the proposed assay was an ideal tool for screening 1-NAP and provided technical support for the monitoring of carbaryl exposure.
PubMed ID: 34629198
MeSH Terms: Alkaline Phosphatase/genetics; Carbaryl/toxicity; Fluoroimmunoassay; Limit of Detection; Manganese Compounds; Metal Nanoparticles*/toxicity; Naphthols; Oxides; Pesticides*; Phosphates