Title: Prenatal trace elements mixture is associated with learning deficits on a behavioral acquisition task among young children.
Authors: Merced-Nieves, Francheska M; Chelonis, John; Pantic, Ivan; Schnass, Lourdes; Téllez-Rojo, Martha M; Braun, Joseph M; Paule, Merle G; Wright, Rosalind J; Wright, Robert O; Curtin, Paul
Published In New Dir Child Adolesc Dev, (2022 Mar)
Abstract: Children are exposed to many trace elements throughout their development. Given their ubiquity and potential to have effects on children's neurodevelopment, these exposures are a public health concern. This study sought to identify trace element mixture-associated deficits in learning behavior using operant testing in a prospective cohort. We included 322 participants aged 6-7 years recruited in Mexico City with complete data on prenatal trace elements measurements (third trimester blood lead and manganese levels, and & urine cadmium and arsenic levels), demographic covariates, and the Incremental Repeated Acquisition (IRA), an associative learning task. Weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression models were used to estimate the joint association of the mixture of all four trace elements and IRA performance. Performance was adversely impacted by the mixture, with different elements relating to different aspects of task performance suggesting that prenatal exposure to trace element mixtures yields a broad dysregulation of learning behavior.
PubMed ID: 35429215
MeSH Terms: Arsenic*/toxicity; Cadmium; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Manganese; Pregnancy; Prospective Studies; Trace Elements*