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Title: Overarching roles of diacylglycerol signaling in cancer development and antitumor immunity.

Authors: Cooke, Mariana; Kazanietz, Marcelo G

Published In Sci Signal, (2022 Apr 12)

Abstract: Diacylglycerol (DAG) is a lipid second messenger that is generated in response to extracellular stimuli and channels intracellular signals that affect mammalian cell proliferation, survival, and motility. DAG exerts a myriad of biological functions through protein kinase C (PKC) and other effectors, such as protein kinase D (PKD) isozymes and small GTPase-regulating proteins (such as RasGRPs). Imbalances in the fine-tuned homeostasis between DAG generation by phospholipase C (PLC) enzymes and termination by DAG kinases (DGKs), as well as dysregulation in the activity or abundance of DAG effectors, have been widely associated with tumor initiation, progression, and metastasis. DAG is also a key orchestrator of T cell function and thus plays a major role in tumor immunosurveillance. In addition, DAG pathways shape the tumor ecosystem by arbitrating the complex, dynamic interaction between cancer cells and the immune landscape, hence representing powerful modifiers of immune checkpoint and adoptive T cell-directed immunotherapy. Exploiting the wide spectrum of DAG signals from an integrated perspective could underscore meaningful advances in targeted cancer therapy.

PubMed ID: 35412850 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Animals; Diacylglycerol Kinase/metabolism; Diglycerides*/metabolism; Ecosystem; Mammals/metabolism; Neoplasms*/therapy; Signal Transduction

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