Title: Impact of Neonatal Activation of Nuclear Receptor CAR (Nr1i3) on Cyp2 Gene Expression in Adult Mouse Liver.
Authors: Shin, Aram; Waxman, David J
Published In Toxicol Sci, (2022 May 26)
Abstract: Perinatal exposure to environmental chemicals is proposed to reprogram development and alter disease susceptibility later in life. Supporting this, neonatal activation of the nuclear receptor constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) (Nr1i3) by TCPOBOP was previously reported to induce persistent expression of mouse hepatic Cyp2 genes into adulthood, and was attributed to long-term epigenetic memory of the early life exposure. Here, we confirm that the same high-dose neonatal TCPOBOP exposure studied previously (3 mg/kg, 15x ED50) does indeed induce prolonged (12 weeks) increases in hepatic Cyp2 expression; however, we show that the persistence of expression can be fully explained by the persistence of residual TCPOBOP in liver tissue. When the long-term presence of TCPOBOP in tissue was eliminated by decreasing the neonatal TCPOBOP dose 22-fold (0.67× ED50), strong neonatal increases in hepatic Cyp2 expression were still obtained but did not persist into adulthood. Furthermore, the neonatal ED50-range TCPOBOP exposure did not sensitize mice to a subsequent, low-dose TCPOBOP treatment. In contrast, neonatal treatment with phenobarbital, a short half-life (t1/2 = 8 h) agonist of CAR and PXR (Nr1i2), induced high-level neonatal activation of Cyp2 genes and also altered their responsiveness to low-dose phenobarbital exposure at adulthood by either increasing (Cyp2b10) or decreasing (Cyp2c55) expression. Thus, neonatal xenobiotic exposure can reprogram hepatic Cyp2 genes and alter their responsiveness to exposures later in life. These findings highlight the need to carefully consider xenobiotic dose, half-life, and persistence in tissue when evaluating the long-term effects of early life environmental chemical exposures.
PubMed ID: 35285501
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication