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Person Details

Superfund Research Program

Robert H. Hurt

Brown University
School of Engineering
Barus & Holley Building
182 Hope St., Box D
Providence, RI 02912
Phone: 401-863-2685


Research Briefs




  • Hurt, Robert H., Indrek Kulaots, Qiu Yang, and Colling Felten. 2016. Thermochemistry and kinetics of graphite oxide exothermic decomposition for safety in large-scale storage and processing. Carbon. 96:20-28. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2015.09.040
  • Wang, Zhongying, Daniel Tonderys, Susan Leggett, Evelyn K. Williams, Mehrdad Kiani, Ruben Steinberg, Yang Qui, Robert H. Hurt, and Ian Wong. 2016. Wrinkled, wavelength-tunable graphene-based surface topographies for directing cell alignment and morphology. Carbon. 1;97::14-24. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2015.03.040 PMID:25848137
  • Wang, Zhongying, W. Zhu, Yang Qui, X. Yi, Annette von dem Bussche, Agnes B. Kane, Huajian Gao, Robert H. Hurt, and K. Koski. 2016. Biological and environmental interactions of emerging two-dimensional nanomaterials. Chemical Society Reviews. 45(6):1750-1780. doi:10.1039/C5CS00914F PMID:26923057 PMCID:PMC4820079


  • Wang, Zhongying, Xiaoshu Lv, Y. Chen, D. Liu, X. Xu, Tayhas R. Palmore, and Robert H. Hurt. 2015. Crumpled graphene nanoreactors. Nanoscale. 14;7(22):10267-78. doi:10.1039/c5nr00963d PMID:25992964


  • Guo, Fei, Megan Creighton, Y. Chen, Robert H. Hurt, and Indrek Kulaots. 2014. Porous structures in stacked, crumpled and pillared graphene-based 3D materials. Carbon. 66:476-484.
  • Qiu, Yang, Fei Guo, Robert H. Hurt, and Indrek Kulaots. 2014. Explosive thermal reduction of graphene oxide-based materials: mechanism and safety implications. Carbon. 72:215-223. PMCID:PMC4088991
  • Qiu, Yang, Zhongying Wang, Alisa CE Owens, Indrek Kulaots, Yantao Chen, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2014. Antioxidant chemistry of graphene-based materials and its role in oxidation protection technology. Nanoscale. 6(20):11744-11755. doi:10.1039/c4nr03275f PMID:25157875 PMCID:PMC4312421
  • Rodd, April L., Megan Creighton, Charles A. Vaslet, Jose R. Rangel-Mendez, Robert H. Hurt, and Agnes B. Kane. 2014. Effects of surface-engineered nanoparticle-based dispersants for marine oil spills on the model organism Artemia franciscana. Environmental Science & Technology. 48(11):6419-6427. doi:10.1021/es500892m PMID:24823274 PMCID:PMC4046867
  • Velazquez-Jimenez, Litza H., Robert H. Hurt, Juan Matos, and Jose R. Rangel-Mendez. 2014. Zirconium-carbon hybrid sorbent for removal of fluoride from water: Oxalic acid mediated Zr(IV) assembly and adsorption mechanism. Environmental Science & Technology. 48(2):1166-1174. doi:10.1021/es403929b PMCID:PMC4009989



  • Liu, Jingyu, Zhongying Wang, Frances D. Liu, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2012. Chemical transformations of nanosilver in biological environments. ACS Nano. 6:9887-9899. doi:10.1021/nn303449n
  • Sanchez, Vanesa, Ashish Jachak, Robert H. Hurt, and Agnes B. Kane. 2012. Biological interactions of graphene-family nanomaterials: an interdisciplinary review. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 25(1):15-34. doi:10.1021/tx200339h


  • Guo, Fei, Franklin Kim, Tae H. Han, Vivek Shenoy, Jianhua Huang, and Robert H. Hurt. 2011. Hydration-Responsive Folding and Unfolding in Graphene Oxide Liquid Crystal Phases. ACS Nano. 5:8019-8025. doi:doi:10.1021/nn2025644
  • Liu, Jingyu, Kelly G. Pennell, and Robert H. Hurt. 2011. Kinetics and mechanisms of nanosilver oxysulfidation. Environmental Science & Technology. 45(17):7345–7353. doi:10.1021/es201539s (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Liu, Xinyuan, Sujat Sen, Jingyu Liu, Indrek Kulaots, David Geohegan, Agnes B. Kane, Tayhas R. Palmore, and Robert H. Hurt. 2011. Antioxidant deactivation on graphenic nanocarbon surfaces. Small. 7(19):2775-2785. doi:10.1002/smll.201100651 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Pietruska, J.R., X. Liu, A. Smith, K. McNeil, Paula Weston, Anatoly Zhitkovich, Robert H. Hurt, and Agnes B. Kane. 2011. Bioavailability, intracellular mobilization of nickel, and HIF-1α activation in human lung epithelial cells exposed to metallic nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles. Toxicological Sciences. 124(1):138-148. (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Sanchez, Vanesa, Paula Weston, Aihui Yan, Robert H. Hurt, and Agnes B. Kane. 2011. A 3-dimensional in vitro model of epithelioid granulomas induced by high aspect ratio nanomaterials. Particle and Fiber Toxicology. 8(17):1-18. doi:10.1186/1743-8977-8-17 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Shi, Xinghua, Annette von dem Bussche, Robert H. Hurt, Agnes B. Kane, and Huajian Gao. 2011. Cell entry of one-dimensional nanomaterials occurs by tip recognition and rotation. Nature Nanotechnology. 6:714-719. doi:10.1038/nnano.2011.151


  • Hower, J.C., C.L. Senior, Eric M. Suuberg, Robert H. Hurt, J.L. Wilcox, and E.S. Olson. 2010. Mercury capture by native fly ash carbons in coal-fired power plants. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 36(4):510-529. doi:10.1016/j.pecs.2009.12.003
  • Liu, Jingyu, D. Sonshine, S. Shervani, and Robert H. Hurt. 2010. Controlled Release of Biologically Active Silver from Nanosilver Surfaces. ACS Nano. 4(11):6903-6913. doi:10.1021/nn102272n (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Liu, Xinyuan, Robert H. Hurt, and Agnes B. Kane. 2010. Biodurability of single-walled carbon nanotubes depends on surface functionalization. Carbon. 48(7):1961-1969. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2010.02.002


  • Hoover, Elizabeth, Phil Brown, M. Averick, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2009. Teaching small and thinking large: Effects of social and ethical implications in an interdisciplinary nanotechnology course. Journal of Nanoeducation. 1(1):86-95.
  • Jakubek, L., S. Marangoudakis, J. Raingo, Xinyuan Liu, D. Lipscombe, and Robert H. Hurt. 2009. The inhibition of neuronal calcium-ion channels by trace levels of yttrium released from carbon nanotubes. Biomaterials. 30(31):6351-6357. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.08.009
  • Lee, Brian, Love Sarin, Natalie C. Johnson, and Robert H. Hurt. 2009. A nano-selenium reactive barrier approach for managing mercury over the life-cycle of compact fluorescent lamps. Environmental Science & Technology. 43(15):5915-20. doi:10.1021/es9013097
  • Liu, Xinyuan, Daniel Vinson, Dawn Abt, Robert H. Hurt, and David M. Rand. 2009. Differential toxicity of carbon nanomaterials in Drosophila: larval dietary uptake is benign, but adult exposure causes locomotor impairment and mortality. Environmental Science & Technology. 43(16):6357-63. doi:10.1021/es901079z
  • Sanchez, Vanesa, J.R. Pietruska, Nathan R. Miselis, Robert H. Hurt, and Agnes B. Kane. 2009. Biopersistence and potential adverse health impacts of fibrous nanomaterials: what have we learned from asbestos?. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology. 1(5):511-529. doi:10.1002/wnan.41


  • Guo, Lin, Daniel G. Morris, Agnes B. Kane, Robert H. Hurt, and Xinyuan Liu. 2008. Targeted removal of bioavailable metal as a detoxification strategy for carbon nanotubes. Carbon. 46(3):489-500. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2007.12.018
  • Guo, Lin, Annette von dem Bussche, M. Buechner, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2008. Adsorption of essential micronutrients by carbon nanotubes and its implications for nanotoxicity testing. Small. 4(6):721-727.
  • Guo, Lin, Annette von dem Bussche, M. Buechner, Aihui Yan, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2008. Adsorption of essential micronutrients by carbon nanotubes and the implications for nanotoxicity testing. Small. 4(6):721-7. doi:10.1002/smll.200700754
  • Johnson, Natalie C., Shawn Manchester, Love Sarin, Yuming Gao, Indrek Kulaots, and Robert H. Hurt. 2008. Mercury vapor release from broken compact fluorescent lamps and in situ capture by new nanomaterial sorbents. Environmental Science & Technology. 42(15):5772-5778. doi:10.1021/es8004392
  • Kane, Agnes B. and Robert H. Hurt. 2008. Nanotoxicology: the Asbestos Analogy Revisited. Nature Nanotechnology. 3:378-379. doi:10.1038/nnano.2008.182
  • Manchester, Shawn, Xuelei Wang, Indrek Kulaots, Yu-Mine Gao, and Robert H. Hurt. 2008. High capacity mercury adsoprtion on freshly ozone-treated carbon surfaces. Carbon. 46(3):518-524. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2007.12.019


  • Guo, Lin, Xin Yuan Liu, Vanesa Sanchez, Charles A. Vaslet, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2007. A window of opportunity: designing carbon nanomaterials for environmental safety and health. Material Science Forum. 544-545:511-516.
  • Guo, Lin, Daniel G. Morris, Xinyuan Liu, Charles A. Vaslet, Robert H. Hurt, and Agnes B. Kane. 2007. Iron bioavailability and redox activity in diverse carbon nanotube samples. Chemistry of Materials. 19(14):3472-3478. doi:10.1021/cm062691p
  • Jian, Kengqing, T.C. Truong, W.P. Hoffman, and Robert H. Hurt. 2007. Mesoporous carbons with self-assembled surfaces of defined crystal orientation. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 108:143-151.
  • Liu, X., V. Gurel, D. Morris, David W. Murray, Anatoly Zhitkovich, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2007. Bioavailability of nickel in single-wall carbon nanotubes. Advanced Materials. 19:2790-96.
  • Yan, Aihui, Annette von dem Bussche, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2007. Tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate as a safe, antioxidant surfactant for processing carbon nanotubes and fullerenes. Carbon. 45:2463-70.


  • Hurt, Robert H., Marc Monthioux, and Agnes B. Kane. 2006. Toxicology of carbon nanomaterials: Status, trends, and perspectives on the special issue. Carbon. 44(6):1028-1033. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2005.12.023
  • Jian, Kengqing, Aihui Yan, Indrek Kulaots, Gregory P. Crawford, and Robert H. Hurt. 2006. Reconstruction and hydrophobicity of nanocarbon surfaces composed solely of graphene edges. Carbon. 44(10):2102-2106. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2006.03.035
  • Yan, Aihui, Bonnie W. Lau, Bevan S. Weissman, Indrek Kulaots, Nancy Y C Yang, Agnes B. Kane, and Robert H. Hurt. 2006. Biocompatible, hydrophilic, supramolecular carbon nanoparticles for cell delivery. Advanced Materials. 18:2373-78. doi:10.1002/adma.200600838

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