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Your Environment. Your Health.

FUNCTIONAL OUTCOMES OF N6-METHYLADENOSINE (M6A) RECOGNITION BY IMP1 DURING ENVIRONMENT INDUCED INTESTINAL STRESS

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Principal Investigator: Hamilton, Kathryn Elizabeth
Institute Receiving Award Children'S Hosp Of Philadelphia
Location Philadelphia, PA
Grant Number R21ES031533
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 16 Jun 2020 to 31 May 2022
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): PROJECT SUMMARY RNA modifications are emerging as regulators of human health and disease, however, the mechanisms of action in specific tissues remain a critical gap in the field. New evidence suggests that environmental stressors, including those that impact intestinal health, may alter RNA modifications. Food additives in widespread use are one such environmental stressor that may have previously unrecognized adverse effects on intestinal health. The current proposal seeks to understand the effects of food additives on the function of IGF2 mRNA binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1/IMP1), a newly described “reader” of N-methyladenosine (m6A)-modified mRNAs. We identified that IMP1 is expressed in epithelial cells that line the small intestine and colon. New data demonstrate that IMP1 is upregulated in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is one of the top upregulated of all known RNA modifying proteins in this patient population. This exploratory research grant will test the novel hypothesis that food additives alter IMP1 expression and/or function as a reader of m6A-modified mRNAs, which in turn could promote IBD pathogenesis. Aim 1 utilizes cutting-edge RNA biochemistry to characterize the m6A stress response induced by food additives in primary mouse colonoids. Aim 2 uses novel ​Imp1 knockout mice to evaluate deletion of this IBD-relevant m6A reader in the context of food additives and epithelial damage models. These studies will contribute to a new understanding of the basic biology of RNA modifications and their contributions to intestinal health and disease. Future work will test consequences of food additives on IMP1-mediated effects in patients with IBD as a basis for new therapeutics.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 10 - Epigenetics
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications No publications associated with this grant
Program Officer Frederick Tyson
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