Title: Rapid signaling actions of environmental estrogens in developing granule cell neurons are mediated by estrogen receptor ß.
Authors: Le, Hoa H; Belcher, Scott M
Published In Endocrinology, (2010 Dec)
Abstract: Estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) constitute a diverse group of man-made chemicals and natural compounds derived from plants and microbial metabolism. Estrogen-like actions are mediated via the nuclear hormone receptor activity of estrogen receptor (ER)α and ERβ and rapid regulation of intracellular signaling cascades. Previous study defined cerebellar granule cell neurons as estrogen responsive and that granule cell precursor viability was developmentally sensitive to estrogens. In this study experiments using Western blot analysis and pharmacological approaches have characterized the receptor and signaling modes of action of selective and nonselective estrogen ligands in developing cerebellar granule cells. Estrogen treatments were found to briefly increase ERK1/2-phosphorylation and then cause prolonged depression of ERK1/2 activity. The sensitivity of granule cell precursors to estrogen-induced cell death was found to require the integrated activation of membrane and intracellular ER signaling pathways. The sensitivity of granule cells to selective and nonselective ER agonists and a variety of estrogenic and nonestrogenic EDCs was also examined. The ERβ selective agonist DPN, but not the ERα selective agonist 4,4',4'-(4-propyl-[1H]-pyrazole-1,3,5-triyl) trisphenol or other ERα-specific ligands, stimulated cell death. Only EDCs with selective or nonselective ERβ activities like daidzein, equol, diethylstilbestrol, and bisphenol A were observed to induce E2-like neurotoxicity supporting the conclusion that estrogen sensitivity in granule cells is mediated via ERβ. The presented results also demonstrate the utility of estrogen sensitive developing granule cells as an in vitro assay for elucidating rapid estrogen-signaling mechanisms and to detect EDCs that act at ERβ to rapidly regulate intracellular signaling.
PubMed ID: 20926581
MeSH Terms: Animals; Cell Death; Endocrine Disruptors/chemistry; Endocrine Disruptors/pharmacology*; Environmental Pollutants; Estrogen Receptor beta/metabolism*; Estrogens/chemistry; Estrogens/pharmacology*; Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism; Female; Molecular Structure; Neurons/cytology; Neurons/drug effects*; Neurons/physiology; Phosphorylation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Signal Transduction