Title: Diesel exhaust particles induce cysteine oxidation and s-glutathionylation in house dust mite induced murine asthma.
Authors: Lee, Gerald B; Brandt, Eric B; Xiao, Chang; Gibson, Aaron M; Le Cras, Timothy D; Brown, Lou Ann S; Fitzpatrick, Anne M; Khurana Hershey, Gurjit K
Published In PLoS One, (2013)
Abstract: Diesel exhaust particle (DEP) exposure enhances allergic inflammation and has been linked to the incidence of asthma. Oxidative stress on the thiol molecules cysteine (Cys) and glutathione (GSH) can promote inflammatory host responses. The effect of DEP on the thiol oxidation/reduction (redox) state in the asthmatic lung is unknown.To determine if DEP exposure alters the Cys or GSH redox state in the asthmatic airway.Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was obtained from a house dust mite (HDM) induced murine asthma model exposed to DEP. GSH, glutathione disulfide (GSSG), Cys, cystine (CySS), and s-glutathionylated cysteine (CySSG) were determined by high pressure liquid chromatography.DEP co-administered with HDM, but not DEP or HDM alone, decreased total Cys, increased CySS, and increased CySSG without significantly altering GSH or GSSG.DEP exposure promotes oxidation and S-glutathionylation of cysteine amino acids in the asthmatic airway, suggesting a novel mechanism by which DEP may enhance allergic inflammatory responses.
PubMed ID: 23555996
MeSH Terms: Air Pollutants/adverse effects; Animals; Asthma/etiology*; Asthma/immunology; Asthma/metabolism; Bronchi/cytology; Bronchi/immunology; Bronchi/metabolism; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/chemistry; Cell Line; Cysteine/analogs & derivatives*; Cysteine/analysis*; Cysteine/immunology; Cysteine/metabolism; Cystine/analysis; Cystine/immunology; Cystine/metabolism; Glutathione Disulfide/analysis; Glutathione Disulfide/immunology; Glutathione Disulfide/metabolism; Glutathione/analogs & derivatives*; Glutathione/analysis*; Glutathione/immunology; Glutathione/metabolism; Humans; Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Oxidation-Reduction; Oxidative Stress; Particulate Matter/adverse effects*; Pyroglyphidae/immunology; Vehicle Emissions/analysis