Title: A Platform for Discovery and Quantification of Modified Ribonucleosides in RNA: Application to Stress-Induced Reprogramming of tRNA Modifications.
Authors: Cai, Weiling Maggie; Chionh, Yok Hian; Hia, Fabian; Gu, Chen; Kellner, Stefanie; McBee, Megan E; Ng, Chee Sheng; Pang, Yan Ling Joy; Prestwich, Erin G; Lim, Kok Seong; Babu, I Ramesh; Begley, Thomas J; Dedon, Peter C
Published In Methods Enzymol, (2015)
Abstract: Here we describe an analytical platform for systems-level quantitative analysis of modified ribonucleosides in any RNA species, with a focus on stress-induced reprogramming of tRNA as part of a system of translational control of cell stress response. This chapter emphasizes strategies and caveats for each of the seven steps of the platform workflow: (1) RNA isolation, (2) RNA purification, (3) RNA hydrolysis to individual ribonucleosides, (4) chromatographic resolution of ribonucleosides, (5) identification of the full set of modified ribonucleosides, (6) mass spectrometric quantification of ribonucleosides, (6) interrogation of ribonucleoside datasets, and (7) mapping the location of stress-sensitive modifications in individual tRNA molecules. We have focused on the critical determinants of analytical sensitivity, specificity, precision, and accuracy in an effort to ensure the most biologically meaningful data on mechanisms of translational control of cell stress response. The methods described here should find wide use in virtually any analysis involving RNA modifications.
PubMed ID: 26253965
MeSH Terms: Mass Spectrometry/methods*; Protein Biosynthesis/genetics; RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional/genetics*; RNA, Transfer/chemistry*; RNA, Transfer/genetics; Ribonucleosides/chemistry*; Ribonucleosides/genetics