Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: In Vivo Exposures to Particulate Matter Collected from Saudi Arabia or Nickel Chloride Display Similar Dysregulation of Metabolic Syndrome Genes.

Authors: Brocato, Jason; Hernandez, Michelle; Laulicht, Freda; Sun, Hong; Shamy, Magdy; Alghamdi, Mansour A; Khoder, Mamdouh I; Kluz, Thomas; Chen, Lung-Chi; Costa, Max

Published In J Toxicol Environ Health A, (2015)

Abstract: Particulate matter (PM) exposures have been linked to mortality, low birth weights, hospital admissions, and diseases associated with metabolic syndrome, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. In a previous in vitro and in vivo study, data demonstrated that PM(10μm) collected from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (PMSA), altered expression of genes involved in lipid and cholesterol metabolism, as well as many other genes associated with metabolic disorders. PMSA contains a relatively high concentration of nickel (Ni), known to be linked to several metabolic disorders. In order to evaluate whether Ni and PM exposures induce similar gene expression profiles, mice were exposed to 100 μg/50 μl PM(SA) (PM-100), 50 μg/50 μl nickel chloride (Ni-50), or 100 μg/50 μl nickel chloride (Ni-100) twice per week for 4 wk and hepatic gene expression changes were determined. Ultimately, 55 of the same genes were altered in all 3 exposures. However, where the two Ni groups differed markedly was in the regulation (up or down) of these genes. Ni-100 and PM-100 groups displayed similar regulations, whereby 104 of the 107 genes were similarly modulated. Many of the 107 genes are involved in metabolic syndrome and include ALDH4A1, BCO2, CYP1A, CYP2U, TOP2A. In addition, the top affected pathways, such as fatty acid α-oxidation, and lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, are involved in metabolic diseases. Most notably, the top diseased outcome affected by these changes in gene expression was cardiovascular disease. Given these data, it appears that Ni and PM(SA) exposures display similar gene expression profiles, modulating the expression of genes involved in metabolic disorders.

PubMed ID: 26692068 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Air Pollutants/toxicity*; Animals; Environmental Exposure*; Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects*; Male; Metabolic Syndrome/genetics*; Metabolic Syndrome/metabolism; Mice; Nickel/toxicity*; Particle Size; Particulate Matter/toxicity*; Saudi Arabia; Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms; Transcriptome

to Top