Title: Filling the patient-provider knowledge gap: a patient advocate to address asthma care and self-management barriers.
Authors: Localio, Anna M; Black, Heather L; Park, Hami; Perez, Luzmercy; Ndicu, Grace; Klusaritz, Heather; Rogers, Marisa; Han, Xiaoyan; Apter, Andrea J
Published In J Asthma, (2019 10)
Abstract: Introduction: In an ongoing study, a new clinical role adapted from a patient navigator called the patient advocate (PA) met with patients before medical visits, attended appointments and afterwards reviewed provider instructions. This qualitative analysis examines the perspectives of PAs and providers regarding their experiences with patients to understand how a PA can help patients and providers achieve better asthma control. Methods: PAs recorded journal entries about their experiences with patients. Provider focus groups and interviews were conducted by researchers and transcribed. Analysis was based on the Grounded Theory approach for qualitative research, using open and then focused coding. Two researchers independently coded these sources until intercoder agreement was achieved. Results: Upon review of 31 journal entries on PA experiences with 24 patients and transcripts from 2 provider focus groups and 12 provider interviews, 5 themes emerged surrounding asthma care and self-management: medication adherence, follow-up, communication, social determinants of health and time. While patients shared with PAs specific socioeconomic barriers to medication adherence and follow-up, providers often did not know about these problems and cited barriers to communication. Time restrictions on medical visits further limited communication. Conclusions: Perspectives reported here illustrate a gap in knowledge and understanding between patients and providers. The PA's unique relationship with patients and presence inside and outside of medical visits allowed them to learn contextual patient information unknown to providers. PAs and providers cited numerous ways PAs can help to improve patient-provider mutual understanding.
PubMed ID: 30285499
MeSH Terms: Adult; Asthma/diagnosis; Asthma/therapy*; Disease Management; Female; Focus Groups; Grounded Theory; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*; Health Personnel/education*; Health Personnel/organization & administration; Humans; Male; Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data*; Middle Aged; Outcome Assessment, Health Care; Patient Advocacy/education*; Qualitative Research; Risk Assessment; Self Care/methods*; United States