Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intake by Age, Gender, and Pregnancy Status in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003⁻2014.

Authors: Thompson, Maranda; Hein, Nicholas; Hanson, Corrine; Smith, Lynette M; Anderson-Berry, Ann; Richter, Chesney K; Stessy Bisselou, Karl; Kusi Appiah, Adams; Kris-Etherton, Penny; Skulas-Ray, Ann C; Nordgren, Tara M

Published In Nutrients, (2019 Jan 15)

Abstract: Despite the importance of n-3 fatty acids for health, intakes remain below recommended levels. The objective of this study was to provide an updated assessment of fish and n-3 fatty acid intake (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and EPA+DHA) in the United States using the 2003⁻2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (n = 45,347)). Over this survey period, toddlers, children, and adolescents (aged 1⁻19) had significantly lower n-3 fatty acid intake (p < 0.001) compared to adults and seniors, which remained significant after adjusting for caloric intake. Females demonstrated lower n-3 fatty acid intake than males (p < 0.001), with adult and senior women having significantly lower intakes compared to men in the same age categories (p < 0.001) after adjustment for energy intake. Women also consumed less fish than men (5.8 versus 6.1 servings/month, p < 0.001). The estimated intakes of n-3 fatty acids in pregnant women did not differ from non-pregnant women (p = 0.6 for EPA+DHA), although pregnant women reported consuming less high n-3 fatty acid-containing fish than non-pregnant women (1.8 versus 2.6 servings/month, p < 0.001). Our findings indicate that subgroups of the population may be at higher risk of n-3 fatty acid intakes below recommended levels.

PubMed ID: 30650613 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Child; Child, Preschool; Diet*; Docosahexaenoic Acids/administration & dosage*; Eicosapentaenoic Acid/administration & dosage; Eicosapentaenoic Acid/analogs & derivatives*; Female; Humans; Infant; Male; Middle Aged; Nutrition Assessment*; Nutrition Surveys; Nutritional Requirements; Pregnancy*; Seafood; United States; Young Adult

Back
to Top