Title: Comprehensive, robust, and sensitive UPLC-MS/MS analysis of free biogenic monoamines and their metabolites in urine.
Authors: Xie, Zhengzhi; Lorkiewicz, Pawel; Riggs, Daniel W; Bhatnagar, Aruni; Srivastava, Sanjay
Published In J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci, (2018 Nov 01)
Abstract: Biogenic monoamines, including catecholamines and serotonin are important hormones and neurotransmitters. Abnormal urinary levels of biogenic monoamines and their metabolites are associated with smoking, neuroendocrine tumors, as well as neurological and cardiovascular diseases. Measurements of free biogenic monoamines and their metabolites have been challenging because of low concentrations in complex biological matrices. Current methods require extensive enrichment and removal of interfering substances and can analyze only basic or acidic compounds in a single run. We developed a simple and robust dilute-and-shoot method capable of measuring 10 analytes, including free biogenic monoamines and their metabolites in human urine. The assay enables sensitive measurements of analytes within expected sample concentration ranges. To assess the assay's efficacy, we measured urinary levels of free biogenic monoamines and their metabolites in 255 non-smokers and 191 smokers. Our data show that while smokers had significantly higher urinary levels of free catecholamines and metanephrines, there was a decrease in levels of biogenic amine metabolites synthesized through the monoamine oxidase pathway - homovanillic acid and vanillylmandelic acid. The method could be used for high throughput measurement of the range of free biogenic amines and their metabolites in urine under a variety of different conditions.
PubMed ID: 30248561
MeSH Terms: Adult; Biogenic Monoamines/urine*; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*; Female; Humans; Limit of Detection; Linear Models; Male; Middle Aged; Reproducibility of Results; Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods*