Title: Mitochondria-associated lactate dehydrogenase is not a biologically significant contributor to bioenergetic function in murine striated muscle.
Authors: Fulghum, Kyle L; Rood, Benjamin R; Shang, Velma O; McNally, Lindsey A; Riggs, Daniel W; Zheng, Yu-Ting; Hill, Bradford G
Published In Redox Biol, (2019 06)
Abstract: Previous studies indicate that mitochondria-localized lactate dehydrogenase (mLDH) might be a significant contributor to metabolism. In the heart, the presence of mLDH could provide cardiac mitochondria with a higher capacity to generate reducing equivalents directly available for respiration, especially during exercise when circulating lactate levels are high. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that mLDH contributes to striated muscle bioenergetic function. Mitochondria isolated from murine cardiac and skeletal muscle lacked an appreciable ability to respire on lactate in the absence or presence of exogenous NAD+. Although three weeks of treadmill running promoted physiologic cardiac growth, mitochondria isolated from the hearts of acutely exercised or exercise-adapted mice showed no further increase in lactate oxidation capacity. In all conditions tested, cardiac mitochondria respired at >20-fold higher levels with provision of pyruvate compared with lactate. Similarly, skeletal muscle mitochondria showed little capacity to respire on lactate. Protease protection assays of isolated cardiac mitochondria confirmed that LDH is not localized within the mitochondrion. We conclude that mLDH does not contribute to cardiac bioenergetics in mice.
PubMed ID: 30939431
MeSH Terms: Animals; Cell Respiration; L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolism*; Male; Mice; Mitochondria, Heart/metabolism; Mitochondria, Muscle/metabolism*; Muscle, Striated/metabolism*; Oxidation-Reduction; Physical Conditioning, Animal