Title: Development of experimental silicosis in inbred and outbred mice depends on instillation volume.
Authors: Mayeux, Jessica M; Kono, Dwight H; Pollard, Kenneth Michael
Published In Sci Rep, (2019 10 02)
Abstract: There is considerable variation in methods to induce experimental silicosis with the effects of dose and route of exposure being well documented. However, to what extent the volume of silica suspension alters the dispersion and severity of silicosis has not been adequately investigated. In this study, the optimal volume of a crystalline silica suspension required to obtain uniform distribution and greatest incidence and severity of silicosis was determined in inbred and outbred mice. Silica dispersal, detected by co-inspiration with India ink and polarized light microscopy, was highly dependent upon volume. Furthermore, although peribronchitis, perivasculitis, and increases in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cell numbers were detected a lower doses and volumes, significant alveolitis required exposure to 5 mg of silica in 50 μl. This dose and volume of transoral instillation led to a greater penetrance of silicosis in the genetically heterogeneous Diversity Outbred strain as well as greater alveolar inflammation typical of the silicosis in human disease. These findings underscore the critical importance of instillation volume on the induction, severity, and type of inflammatory pathology in experimental silicosis.
PubMed ID: 31578388
MeSH Terms: Animals; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid; Disease Models, Animal; Humans; Inflammation/chemically induced; Inflammation/genetics; Inflammation/pathology; Lung/drug effects*; Lung/pathology; Mice; Silicon Dioxide/pharmacology*; Silicon Dioxide/toxicity; Silicosis/genetics; Silicosis/metabolism*; Silicosis/pathology