Title: Cytochrome P450 2E1-deficient MRL+/+ mice are less susceptible to trichloroethene-mediated autoimmunity: Involvement of oxidative stress-responsive signaling pathways.
Authors: Wang, Gangduo; Wakamiya, Maki; Wang, Jianling; Ansari, G A Shakeel; Khan, M Firoze
Published In Free Radic Biol Med, (2019 11 01)
Abstract: Reactive trichloroethene (TCE) metabolites and oxidative stress are involved in TCE-mediated autoimmunity, as evident from our earlier studies in MRL+/+ mice. However, molecular mechanisms underlying the autoimmunity remain largely unknown. Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), the major enzyme responsible for TCE metabolism, could contribute to TCE-induced toxic response through free radical generation. The current study was, therefore, aimed to further evaluate the significance of TCE metabolism leading to oxidative stress and autoimmune response by using MRL+/+ mice that lack CYP2E1. The Cyp2e1-null MRL+/+ mice were generated by backcrossing Cyp2e1-null mice (B6N; 129S4-Cyp2e1) to MRL +/+ mice. Female MRL+/+ and Cyp2e1-null MRL+/+ mice were given TCE (10 mmol/kg, i.p., every 4th day) for 6 weeks; their respective controls received corn oil only. TCE treatment in MRL+/+ mice induced oxidative stress, evident from significantly increased serum malondiadelhyde (MDA)-protein adducts, their antibodies and reduced liver GSH levels. TCE treatment also modulated Nrf2 pathway with decreased Nrf2 and HO-1, and elevated NF-κB (p65) expression in the liver. TCE exposure also led to increases in serum antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and anti-double stranded DNA antibodies (anti-dsDNA). Although TCE treatment in Cyp2e1-null MRL+/+ mice also led to increases in serum MDA-protein adducts and their antibodies, changes in liver GSH, Nrf2, HO-1 and NF-κB along with increases in serum ANA, anti-dsDNA, the alterations in the oxidative stress and autoimmunity markers in these mice were less pronounced compared to those in MRL+/+ mice. These findings support the contribution of CYP2E1-mediated TCE metabolism in autoimmune response and an important role of Nrf2 pathway in TCE-mediated autoimmunity.
PubMed ID: 31446053
MeSH Terms: Anesthetics, Inhalation/toxicity; Animals; Autoantibodies/immunology*; Autoimmune Diseases/chemically induced; Autoimmune Diseases/epidemiology*; Autoimmune Diseases/pathology; Autoimmunity/immunology*; Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1/physiology*; Female; Glutathione/metabolism; Incidence; Lipid Peroxidation; Mice; Mice, Knockout; Oxidative Stress*; Signal Transduction; Trichloroethylene/toxicity*