Title: alpha 2A/alpha 2C-adrenergic receptor third loop chimera show that agonist interaction with receptor subtype backbone establishes G protein-coupled receptor kinase phosphorylation.
Authors: Jewell-Motz, E A; Small, K M; Theiss, C T; Liggett, S B
Published In J Biol Chem, (2000 Sep 15)
Abstract: The alpha(2A)-adrenergic receptor (AR) undergoes rapid agonist-promoted desensitization due to phosphorylation by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) 2 and 3 at serines in the third intracellular loop of the receptor. In contrast, the alpha(2C)AR fails to display such desensitization or phosphorylation, which has been presumed to be due to this receptor lacking GRK phosphorylation sites. However, the alpha(2C)AR has multiple serines and threonines in putative favorable motifs within its third intracellular loop. We considered that the conformation of the third intracellular loop imposed by agonists binding to the transmembrane-spanning domains could be the basis of this subtype-specific property, rather than the presence or absence of phosphoacceptors per se. To address this, alpha(2A)/alpha(2C) third loop chimeric receptors were constructed. In whole cell phosphorylation studies, the alpha(2A) with the alpha(2C) third loop receptor underwent agonist-promoted phosphorylation while the alpha(2C) with the alpha(2A) third loop receptor did not, indicating that the agonist interaction with the parent receptor backbone establishes the phosphorylation phenotype. We postulated then that agonists with diverse structures that distinctly interact with alpha(2)AR should display different degrees of phosphorylation independent of receptor activation. Indeed, several full and partial agonists were identified, which evoked phosphorylation that was not related to intrinsic activity as established by [(35)S]guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate binding. Taken together, it appears that phosphorylation of the alpha(2)AR evoked by agonist is highly sensitive to the conformation of the third intracellular loop induced/stabilized by agonist to such an extent that these properties dictate the extent of phosphorylation of the loop when phosphoacceptors are present, and are the basis for subtype-specific phosphorylation.
PubMed ID: 10893245
MeSH Terms: Adrenergic alpha-Agonists/metabolism*; Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; COS Cells; Cricetinae; Cricetulus; Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolism*; G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 3; Molecular Sequence Data; Protein Conformation; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism*; Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2/chemistry; Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2/classification; Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2/metabolism*; Recombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolism*; beta-Adrenergic Receptor Kinases