Title: Development and characterization of reference materials for trace element analysis of keratinized matrices.
Authors: Tehrani, Mina W; Yang, Karl X; Parsons, Patrick J
Published In Anal Bioanal Chem, (2020 Mar)
Abstract: Biomonitoring for human exposure to lead, arsenic, mercury, and other toxic metal(loid)s often relies on analyzing traditional biospecimens such as blood and urine. While biomonitoring based on blood and urine is well-established, non-traditional biospecimens such as hair and nails can offer the potential to explore past exposures as well as the advantages of non-invasive collection and ease of storage. The present study describes the production of four reference materials (NYS RMs 18-01 through 18-04) based on caprine horn, a keratinized tissue similar to human hair and nails, intended to serve as a resource for calibration, quality control, and method validation purposes. The elemental content and homogeneity of these candidate reference materials were characterized for 17 elements using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Commutability between two or more of the NYS caprine horn RMs and human nails was established for 8 elements (Ba, Ca, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, Sr, and Zn) based on analysis by ICP-MS/MS and ICP-optical emission spectrometry. The development and optimization of an ICP-MS/MS instrumental method for the determination of 17 elements in keratinized tissues is described. The method was validated against three certified reference materials based on human hair showing good accuracy and method repeatability better than 25% for all analytes. This study also describes sample preparation issues and addresses common challenges including surface contamination, microwave digestion, matrix effects, and spectral interferences in inorganic mass spectrometry. New York State Department of Health Keratin Matrix Reference Materials. Graphical abstract.
PubMed ID: 32020317
MeSH Terms: Animals; Calibration; Goats; Hair/chemistry; Humans; Keratins/chemistry*; Limit of Detection; Nails/chemistry; Reference Standards; Reproducibility of Results; Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods; Trace Elements/analysis*; Trace Elements/standards