Title: Protective effects of anti-ricin A-chain antibodies delivered intracellularly against ricin-induced cytotoxicity.
Authors: Wu, Feng; Fan, Shaoan; Martiniuk, Frank; Pincus, Seth; Müller, Sybille; Kohler, Heinz; Tchou-Wong, Kam-Meng
Published In World J Biol Chem, (2010 May 26)
Abstract: To evaluate the ability of anti-ricin A-chain antibodies, delivered intracellularly, to protect against ricin-induced cytotoxicity in RAW264.7 cells.Anti-deglycosylated ricin A-chain antibody and RAC18 anti-ricin A-chain monoclonal antibody were delivered intracellularly by encapsulating in liposomes or via conjugation with the cell-penetrating MTS-transport peptide. RAW264.7 cells were incubated with these antibodies either before or after ricin exposure. The changes in cytotoxicity were estimated by MTT assay. Co-localization of internalized antibody and ricin was evaluated by fluorescence microscopy.Internalized antibodies significantly increased cell viability either before or after ricin exposure compared to the unconjugated antibodies. Fluorescence microscopy confirmed the co-localization of internalized antibodies and ricin inside the cells.Intracellular delivery of antibodies to neutralize the ricin toxin after cellular uptake supports the potential use of cell-permeable antibodies for post-exposure treatment of ricin intoxication.
PubMed ID: 21541003
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication