Title: Fat-soluble nutrients and Omega-3 fatty acids as modifiable factors influencing preterm birth risk.
Authors: Thoene, Melissa; Van Ormer, Matthew; Yuil-Valdes, Ana; Bruett, Taylor; Natarajan, Sathish Kumar; Mukherjee, Maheswari; Thompson, Maranda; Nordgren, Tara M; Van Lippevelde, Wendy; Overby, Nina C; Adu-Bonsaffoh, Kwame; Anderson-Berry, Ann; Hanson, Corrine
Published In Placenta, (2020 09 01)
Abstract: Preterm birth is a leading cause of child morbidity and mortality, so strategies to reduce early birth must remain a priority. One key approach to enhancing birth outcomes is improving maternal dietary intake. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to discuss mechanisms on perinatal status of fat-soluble nutrients (carotenoids, retinol, tocopherols) and omega-3 fatty acids and how they impact risk for preterm birth. Literature review demonstrates that maternal dietary intake and biological (blood and placental tissue) levels of fat-soluble nutrients during pregnancy may provide antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory health benefits. Omega-3 fatty acids also promote increased production of specialized pro-resolving mediators, subsequently mediating inflammation resolution. Combined effects of these nutrients support appropriate placental organogenesis and function. Consequently, fat-soluble nutrients and omega-3 fatty acids serve as strong influencers for preterm birth risk. As dietary intake remains a modifiable factor, future intervention would benefit from a focus on optimizing perinatal status of these specific nutrients.
PubMed ID: 33039030
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication