Title: Single Cell Analysis Of Transcriptionally Active Alleles By Single Molecule FISH.
Authors: Mistry, Ragini M; Singh, Pankaj K; Mancini, Maureen G; Stossi, Fabio; Mancini, Michael A
Published In J Vis Exp, (2020 09 20)
Abstract: Gene transcription is an essential process in cell biology, and allows cells to interpret and respond to internal and external cues. Traditional bulk population methods (Northern blot, PCR, and RNAseq) that measure mRNA levels lack the ability to provide information on cell-to-cell variation in responses. Precise single cell and allelic visualization and quantification is possible via single molecule RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (smFISH). RNA-FISH is performed by hybridizing target RNAs with labeled oligonucleotide probes. These can be imaged in medium/high throughput modalities, and, through image analysis pipelines, provide quantitative data on both mature and nascent RNAs, all at the single cell level. The fixation, permeabilization, hybridization and imaging steps have been optimized in the lab over many years using the model system described herein, which results in successful and robust single cell analysis of smFISH labeling. The main goal with sample preparation and processing is to produce high quality images characterized by a high signal-to-noise ratio to reduce false positives and provide data that are more accurate. Here, we present a protocol describing the pipeline from sample preparation to data analysis in conjunction with suggestions and optimization steps to tailor to specific samples.
PubMed ID: 33016938
MeSH Terms: Alleles*; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence*; Oligonucleotide Probes/genetics; RNA, Messenger/genetics; Single-Cell Analysis/methods*; Transcription, Genetic*