Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Asthma Prevalence and Mold Levels in US Northeastern Schools.

Authors: Howard, Evin J; Vesper, Stephen J; Guthrie, Barbara J; Petty, Carter R; Ramdin, Valeria A; Sheehan, William J; Gaffin, Jonathan M; Permaul, Perdita; Lai, Peggy S; Bartnikas, Lisa M; Cunningham, Amparito; Hauptman, Marissa; Gold, Diane R; Baxi, Sachin N; Phipatanakul, Wanda

Published In J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract, (2021 Mar)

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Asthma is among the most common chronic diseases of children in the United States (US). Mold exposures have been linked to asthma development and exacerbation. In homes, mold exposures have been quantified using the Environmental Relative Moldiness Index (ERMI), and higher home ERMI values have been linked to occupant asthma. OBJECTIVE: In this analysis of the School Inner-City Asthma Study (SICAS), we aimed to evaluate the ERMI's applicability to measuring mold in schools compared with homes and to examine the prevalence of asthma in relationship to students' demographics and the physical characteristics of school buildings. METHODS: Northeastern US schools (n = 32) and homes (n = 33) were selected, and the 36 ERMI molds were quantified in a dust sample from each classroom (n = 114) or home. School building characteristics data were collected from SICAS. Asthma prevalence and student demographics data were obtained from government websites. Linear regression and mixed models were fit to assess the association of the current asthma prevalence and physical characteristics of the school, make-up of the student body, and the ERMI metric. RESULTS: Levels of outdoor group 2 molds were significantly (P < .01) greater in schools compared with homes. The presence of air-conditioning in school buildings correlated significantly (P = .02) with lower asthma prevalence. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of asthma in student bodies is associated with many factors in schools and homes.

PubMed ID: 33091637 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

to Top