Title: Effect of methylmercury on glutamate-cysteine ligase expression in the placenta and yolk sac during mouse development.
Authors: Diaz, Dolores; Krejsa, Cecile M; White, Collin C; Charleston, Jay S; Kavanagh, Terrance J
Published In Reprod Toxicol, (2004 Nov)
Abstract: The placenta and the yolk sac play critical roles in fetal development, including protection from oxidative stress through the presence of detoxifying enzymes. Glutathione (GSH; gamma-glutamylcysteinylglycine), a crucial molecule in the maintenance of cellular redox status, plays a critical role in development, and it is also protective against methylmercury toxicity. Glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL), the enzyme that catalyzes the rate-limiting step in GSH synthesis, is widely expressed in the mouse embryo and extraembryonic membranes throughout development. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level subchronic methylmercury exposure on GCL expression in the mouse placenta and yolk sac, after describing the basal developmental expression of the enzyme in these tissues. We found that basal mRNA expression levels increased dramatically in the placenta and the yolk sac at gd 18, whereas protein levels did not increase in parallel with the mRNA. We also found that methylmercury induced GCLc mRNA expression in the placenta at gd 18 in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting an important role for this enzyme in the response of the placenta to toxicants. These changes in expression may be useful as a biomarker of MeHg exposure during development.
PubMed ID: 15336720
MeSH Terms: Administration, Oral; Animals; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Environmental Pollutants/administration & dosage; Environmental Pollutants/toxicity*; Female; Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/drug effects; Glutamate-Cysteine Ligase/biosynthesis*; Glutamate-Cysteine Ligase/genetics; In Situ Hybridization; Male; Methylmercury Compounds/administration & dosage; Methylmercury Compounds/toxicity*; Mice; Placenta/drug effects*; Placenta/enzymology; Pregnancy; RNA, Messenger/metabolism; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Water Supply; Yolk Sac/drug effects*; Yolk Sac/enzymology