Title: Alteration of pulmonary macrophage intracellular pH following inhalation exposure to sulfuric acid/ozone mixtures.
Authors: Chen, L C; Qu, Q; Amdur, M O; Schlesinger, R B
Published In Exp Lung Res, (1995 Jan-Feb)
Abstract: Recent studies have demonstrated that additive and synergistic effects on rabbit pulmonary macrophages (PM phi) function can occur after combined exposures to acid aerosols and ozone. This study investigated intracellular pH (pHi) homeostasis and H+ extrusion mechanisms of PM phi from rabbits exposed to sulfuric acid, ozone, and their mixtures. Animals were exposed for 3 h to 125 micrograms/m3 sulfuric acid, 0.1, 0.3, 0.6 ppm ozone, or combinations of acid with each concentration of ozone, and the pHi was determined by a fluorescent dye ratioing technique. Exposure to 125 micrograms/m3 acid reduced pHi and exposure to ozone resulted in a concentration-dependent reduction in pHi. Ozone generally tended to mitigate the effect of the acid aerosol on pHi. Other groups of rabbits were exposed to 50 micrograms/m3 sulfuric acid, 0.6 ppm ozone, or their mixture, for 3 h, and PM phi were again harvested. The pHi of PM phi following exposure to each of the pollutant atmospheres was not different from control. However, H+ extrusion with an imposed internal acid load was found to be significantly depressed following exposure to either sulfuric acid or ozone alone, while the mixture produced a significant interaction.
PubMed ID: 7729371
MeSH Terms: Administration, Inhalation; Animals; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/cytology; Drug Synergism; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Intracellular Fluid/drug effects; Intracellular Fluid/metabolism; Macrophages, Alveolar/drug effects*; Macrophages, Alveolar/metabolism*; Male; Ozone/administration & dosage; Ozone/toxicity*; Rabbits; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Sulfuric Acids/administration & dosage; Sulfuric Acids/toxicity*