Title: Insulin-like growth factor I, IGF-binding protein 3, and lung cancer risk in a prospective study of men in China.
Authors: London, Stephanie J; Yuan, Jian-Min; Travlos, Gregory S; Gao, Yu-Tang; Wilson, Ralph E; Ross, Ronald K; Yu, Mimi C
Published In J Natl Cancer Inst, (2002 May 15)
Abstract: Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) stimulates cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis in the lung and other tissues by interacting with the IGF-I receptor. The major binding protein for IGF-I, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), modulates the effects of IGF-I but also inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis independent of IGF-I and its receptor. In a prospective study of men in Shanghai, China, we examined the association between serum levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 and the subsequent risk of lung cancer.From 1986 to 1989, serum was collected from 18,244 men aged 45-64 years living in Shanghai without a history of cancer. We analyzed IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels in serum from 230 case patients who developed incident lung cancer during follow-up and from 740 control subjects.Among 230 case patients and 659 matched control subjects, increased IGF-I levels were not associated with increased risk of lung cancer. However, for subjects in the highest quartile relative to the lowest quartile of IGFBP-3, the odds ratio (OR) for lung cancer, adjusted for smoking and IGF-I, was 0.50 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.25 to 1.02). When the analysis was restricted to ever smokers (184 case patients and 344 matched control subjects), the OR for lung cancer in men in the highest quartile of IGFBP-3 relative to those in the lowest quartile, adjusted for smoking and IGF-I, was 0.41 (95% CI = 0.18 to 0.92).In this prospective study of Chinese men, higher serum levels of IGF-I did not increase the risk of lung cancer. However, subjects with higher serum levels of IGFBP-3 were at reduced risk of lung cancer. This finding is consistent with experimental data that indicate that IGFBP-3 can inhibit cellular proliferation and induce apoptosis independent of IGF-I and the IGF-I receptor.
PubMed ID: 12011225
MeSH Terms: Case-Control Studies; China/epidemiology; Disease Susceptibility*; Humans; Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3/blood*; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/analysis*; Lung Neoplasms/blood*; Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis; Lung Neoplasms/etiology; Male; Middle Aged; Odds Ratio; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Smoking