Title: Cisplatin-DNA adducts are molecular decoys for the ribosomal RNA transcription factor hUBF (human upstream binding factor).
Authors: Treiber, D K; Zhai, X; Jantzen, H M; Essigmann, J M
Published In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, (1994 Jun 07)
Abstract: The toxicity of DNA-damaging agents is widely believed to result from the formation of lesions that block polymerases or disrupt the integrity of the genome. A mechanism heretofore not addressed is that DNA damage may titrate essential DNA-binding proteins away from their natural sites of action. This report shows that the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) transcription factor hUBF (human upstream binding factor) binds with striking affinity (Kd(app) approximately 60 pM) to the intrastrand cis-[Pt(NH3)2](2+-d(GpG) crosslink formed by the anticancer drug cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin). When protein blots of human cell extracts are probed with cisplatin-modified DNA, 97- and 94-kDa proteins are detected, consistent with the known sites of hUBF species. A similar analysis of blots containing in vitro translated hUBF confirmed that the protein binds cisplatin adducts with high specificity. By contrast, DNA adducts of the clinically ineffective trans isomer of cisplatin, trans-diamminedichloroplatinum(II), are not recognized by hUBF. DNase I inhibition patterns of hUBF bound to a 100-base-pair DNA fragment containing a centrally located cis-[Pt(NH3)2](2+)-d(GpG) crosslink reveal specific protein-DNA interactions in a 14-base-pair region flanking the adduct. The affinity of hUBF for the rRNA promoter is similar (Kd(app) approximately 18 pM) to that measured for the cisplatin adduct. In addition, we observe that the hUBF-promoter interaction is highly sensitive to the antagonistic effects of cisplatin-DNA adducts. These results suggest that a cisplatin-mediated transcription-factor-hijacking mechanisms could disrupt rRNA synthesis, which is stimulated in proliferating cells.
PubMed ID: 8202546
MeSH Terms: Base Sequence; Binding Sites; Cisplatin/chemistry*; Cross-Linking Reagents/chemistry; DNA Damage*; DNA, Ribosomal/genetics*; DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism*; DNA/chemistry*; Gene Expression Regulation; Humans; Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/chemistry; Pol1 Transcription Initiation Complex Proteins*; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Protein Binding; RNA, Ribosomal/genetics*; Transcription Factors/metabolism*; Transcription, Genetic