Title: Arsenic inhibits CFTR-mediated chloride secretion by killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) opercular membrane.
Authors: Stanton, Caitlin R; Thibodeau, Renee; Lankowski, Alexander; Shaw, Joseph R; Hamilton, Joshua W; Stanton, Bruce A
Published In Cell Physiol Biochem, (2006)
Abstract: Killifish are euryhaline teleosts that normally experience rapid changes in the salinity of the swim water. Acclimation to seawater is mediated by cortisol, which by activating glucocorticoid receptors, upregulates CFTR mediated Cl- secretion in the gill and operculum. Arsenic, a toxic metalloid that naturally occurs in the aquatic environment, has been shown to disrupt glucocorticoid hormone-mediated regulation of genes. Because little is known about the effects of environmentally relevant levels of arsenic on ion channels and salt homeostasis, studies were conducted to examine the effects of arsenic on the ability of killifish to acclimate to increased salinity. Arsenic in the swim water or administered by intraperitoneal injection prevented acclimation. To determine if arsenic blocked acclimation by inhibiting CFTR mediated Cl- secretion (Isc), opercular membranes were isolated and mounted in Ussing chambers and the effects of arsenic on Isc were measured. Arsenic (24 hr exposure) reduced Isc in opercular membranes isolated from salt water acclimated killifish. In addition, arsenic acutely (5-10 minutes) and reversibly inhibited Isc with an IC50 = 4.1 microM (305 ppb) when applied to the apical (seawater) side of the operculum, but not when added to the basolateral side of the operculum. Arsenic (4 microM for 60 minutes) also reduced mitochondrial respiration. Thus, environmentally relevant levels of arsenic block acclimation to seawater in killifish by reversibly inhibiting CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion by the opercular membrane, in part by inhibiting mitochondrial respiration.
PubMed ID: 16791002
MeSH Terms: Acclimatization; Animals; Arsenic/pharmacology*; Arsenic/toxicity; Biological Transport/drug effects; Cell Respiration/drug effects; Chlorides/metabolism*; Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/drug effects; Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/metabolism*; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Fundulidae/physiology*; Gills/drug effects; Gills/metabolism*; In Vitro Techniques; Mitochondria/drug effects; Mitochondria/metabolism; Toxicity Tests