Title: Mouse liver glutathione S-transferase isoenzyme activity toward aflatoxin B1-8,9-epoxide and benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide.
Authors: Ramsdell, H S; Eaton, D L
Published In Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, (1990 Sep 01)
Abstract: As part of the studies of the biochemical basis for species differences in biotransformation of the carcinogen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and its modulation by phenolic antioxidants, we have investigated the role of mouse liver glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes in the conjugation of AFB1-8,9-epoxide. Isoenzymes of GST were purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from Swiss-Webster mouse liver cytosol by affinity chromatography and chromatofocusing. The isoenzyme fractions were characterized in terms of activity toward surrogate substrates and immunologic cross-reactivity with antisera to rat GSTs. The major isoenzymes were identified as SW 4-4, SW 3-3, and SW 1-1. The specific activity of SW 4-4 toward AFB1-8,9-epoxide was at least 50- and 150-fold greater than that of SW 3-3 and SW 1-1, respectively. Relatively high activity toward another epoxide carcinogen, benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide, was observed with both SW 4-4 and SW 3-3. SW 1-1 had the highest activity toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) whereas SW 4-4 had relatively low CDNB activity. Following pretreatment with 0.75% butylated hydroxyanisole in the diet, the fraction of total GST contributed by SW 1-1 appeared to increase dramatically, whereas in control mice SW 3-3 constituted the predominant isoenzyme. The high GST activity of mouse liver cytosol toward AFB1-8,9-epoxide is apparently due to an isoenzyme that contributes little to the overall cytosolic CDNB activity.
PubMed ID: 2120795
MeSH Terms: 7,8-Dihydro-7,8-dihydroxybenzo(a)pyrene 9,10-oxide/metabolism*; Aflatoxin B1*/analogs & derivatives*; Aflatoxins/metabolism*; Animals; Carcinogens/metabolism*; Chromatography, Affinity; Cytosol/enzymology; Glutathione Transferase/isolation & purification; Glutathione Transferase/metabolism*; Liver/enzymology*; Macromolecular Substances; Male; Mice; Substrate Specificity