Title: Analysis of methyl mercury binding sites on tubulin subunits and microtubules.
Authors: Vogel, D G; Margolis, R L; Mottet, N K
Published In Pharmacol Toxicol, (1989 Feb)
Abstract: We have studied the localization and affinity of methyl mercury hydroxide (MeHg) binding sites on microtubules. There is one class of binding sites for MeHg on tubulin, a high affinity class with fifteen sites. MeHg binds to tubulin stoichiometrically within microtubules, and does not induce microtubule disassembly at this low binding ratio. MeHg binds in microtubules either in the presence or absence of free tubulin subunits but free subunits act as uncompetitive inhibitors for MeHg binding to the polymer. These stoichiometric polymer surface binding sites for MeHg apparently do not interfere with subsequent polymerization, in contrast to the multiple sites in the free dimer whose occupation blocks subsequent assembly. In assembly cycles that follow MeHg binding to polymers, we continue to find MeHg bound to microtubules at substoichiometric ratios. Dimers with higher levels of MeHg binding are rendered assembly incompetent. These results show MeHg to have one class of binding site on tubulin, and the MeHg binding site, both to the polymer surface and to the free dimer, to be the same.
PubMed ID: 2755920
MeSH Terms: Binding Sites; Biopolymers/metabolism; Methylmercury Compounds/metabolism*; Microscopy, Electron; Microtubules/metabolism*; Microtubules/ultrastructure; Protein Binding; Tubulin/metabolism*