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National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

 

University of Arizona

Superfund Research Program

Hazardous Waste Risk and Remediation in the Southwest

Center Director: Raina M. Maier
Grant Number: P42ES4940
Funding Period: 1990-2015
Grantee Website  

Summary

The essence of the University of Arizona Superfund Basic Research Program (UA SBRP) is hazardous waste risk and remediation In the southwestern United States. The goal of this Program Is to support development of a risk assessment process for metal and organic contaminants through toxicologic and hydrogeologic studies and innovative remediation technologies. The program emphasizes hazardous waste issues in the Southwest (and Mexican border) associated with the distinctive arid nature of the environment. Importantly, the outcomes of these studies can be extrapolated to arid environments around the world. Currently 1/3 of land surfaces are arid or semi-arid and this proportion is expected to increase due to climate change. This is exemplified by the toxicants the researchers study: metals (arsenic) and halogenated hydrocarbons, which are major contaminants in the region but also of significant concern throughout the world. The UA SBRP consists of nine research projects - five biomedical projects and four environmental sciences projects. Many of the projects are collaborative, involving multiple disciplines. The biomedical projects are examining the mechanism of arsenic toxicity in target tissues, factors that affect the susceptibility of populations to arsenic-induced toxicity, and potential therapeutic approaches. The environmental sciences projects are investigating how hazardous wastes (arsenic, TCE/PCE) can be optimally characterized for risk assessment and remediation, and developing innovative techniques for assessing exposure and waste containment in our arid Southwest environment. These research projects are supported by five Cores that administer the Program; translate the results to stakeholders; provide research services; promote unique outreach efforts to ethnic communities along the Border; and support graduate student training. This program contributes to our understanding of toxicology and remediation of hazardous wastes nationally and internationally.