Title: Pregnancy Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substance Concentrations and Postpartum Health in Project Viva: A Prospective Cohort.
Authors: Mitro, Susanna D; Sagiv, Sharon K; Fleisch, Abby F; Jaacks, Lindsay M; Williams, Paige L; Rifas-Shiman, Sheryl L; Calafat, Antonia M; Hivert, Marie-France; Oken, Emily; James-Todd, Tamarra M
Published In J Clin Endocrinol Metab, (2020 09 01)
Abstract: CONTEXT: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are environmental chemicals linked to weight gain and type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: We examined the extent to which PFAS plasma concentrations during pregnancy were associated with postpartum anthropometry and biomarkers. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND MEASURES: We studied women recruited between 1999 and 2002 in the Project Viva prospective cohort with pregnancy plasma concentrations of PFAS, including perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and 2-(N-ethyl-perfluorooctane sulfonamide) acetic acid (EtFOSAA). Three-year postpartum anthropometry measurements were available from 786 to 801 women, blood pressure from 761 women, and blood biomarkers from 450 to 454 women. We used multivariable regression to evaluate the association of log2-transformed PFAS with postpartum anthropometry, blood pressure, and blood biomarkers (leptin, adiponectin, sex hormone binding globulin [SHBG], hemoglobin A1c, interleukin-6 [IL-6], C-reactive protein), adjusting for age, prepregnancy body mass index, marital status, race/ethnicity, education, income, smoking, parity, and breastfeeding history. RESULTS: Pregnancy concentrations of certain PFAS were associated with greater adiposity (eg, 0.4 cm [95% confidence interval [95%CI]: -0.1, 0.9] greater waist circumference per doubling in EtFOSAA; 0.2 cm [95%CI: -0.1, 0.5] greater mid-upper arm circumference per doubling in PFOA; 1.2 mm [95%CI: 0.1, 2.2] thicker sum of subscapular and triceps skinfolds per doubling in PFOS) and higher systolic blood pressure (eg, 1.2 mm Hg [95%CI: 0.3, 2.2] per doubling in PFOS) at 3 years postpartum. Higher EtFOSAA concentrations were also associated with 10.8% higher IL-6 (95%CI: 3.3, 18.9) and 6.1% lower SHBG (95%CI: 0.7, 11.2) per doubling. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy concentrations of EtFOSAA, PFOS, and PFOA were associated with adverse postpartum cardiometabolic markers.
PubMed ID: 32620010
MeSH Terms: Adiposity/drug effects; Adiposity/physiology; Adult; Alkanesulfonic Acids/blood; Body Mass Index; Caprylates/blood; Cohort Studies; Environmental Exposure/statistics & numerical data; Environmental Pollutants/blood*; Female; Fluorocarbons/blood*; Humans; Massachusetts/epidemiology; Parity; Postpartum Period/blood*; Postpartum Period/physiology; Pregnancy Complications/blood; Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology; Pregnancy/blood*; Prospective Studies; Puerperal Disorders/blood; Puerperal Disorders/epidemiology; Sulfonamides/blood; Young Adult