An official website of the United States government
The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.
The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.
Internet Explorer is no longer a supported browser.
This website may not display properly with Internet Explorer. For the best experience, please use a more recent browser such as the latest versions of Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and/or Mozilla Firefox. Thank you.
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
University of Washington
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences
Seattle, Washington 98105
von Stackelberg KE, Guzy E, Chu T, Claus Henn B. 2015. Exposure to mixtures of metals and neurodevelopmental outcomes: a multidisciplinary review using an adverse outcome pathway framework. Risk Anal 35(6):971-1016. doi:10.1111/risa.12425PMID:26096925PMCID:PMC5108657