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University of Iowa: Dataset Details, ID=GSE152991

Superfund Research Program

Airborne PCBs and their Metabolites: Risk Factors for Adverse Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Adolescence

Project Leader: Hans-Joachim Lehmler
Co-Investigators: Jonathan A. Doorn, Hanna E. Stevens
Grant Number: P42ES013661
Funding Period: 2020-2025
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Title: Decreased adipose tissue oxygenation is associated with insulin resistance in people with obesity

Accession Number: GSE152991

Link to Dataset:

Repository: Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO)

Data Type(s): Gene Expression

Experiment Type(s): Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing

Organism(s): Homo sapiens

Summary: We evaluated the potential importance of adipose tissue (AT) oxygenation on AT biology and insulin sensitivity in people. AT oxygen partial pressure (pO2), branched chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolism and marker of inflammation were determined in three groups stratified by adiposity and insulin sensitivity: 1) metabolically-healthy lean (MHL); 2) metabolically-healthy obese (MHO); and 3) metabolically-unhealthy obese (MUO). AT pO2 progressively declined from the MHL to the MHO to the MUO group, and was positively associated with hepatic and whole-body insulin sensitivity. AT pO2 was positively associated with AT expression of genes involved in BCAA catabolism and negatively associated with plasma BCAA concentrations. Although AT pO2 was negatively associated with AT markers of inflammation, it was not associated with plasma adipokine concentrations. These results support the notion that reduced AT pO2 in people with obesity contributes to insulin resistance by decreasing AT BCAA catabolism and thereby increasing plasma BCAA concentrations.

Publication(s) associated with this dataset:
  • Gourronc FA, Helm BK, Robertson LW, Chimenti MS, Lehmler H, Ankrum J, Klingelhutz AJ. 2022. Dataset of transcriptomic changes that occur in human preadipocytes over a 3-day course of exposure to 3,3',4,4',5-Pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB126). Data Brief 45:108571. doi:10.1016/j.dib.2022.108571 PMID:36131953 PMCID:PMC9483567
  • Cifarelli V, Beeman SC, Smith GI, Yoshino J, Morozov D, Beals JW, Kayser BD, Watrous JD, Jain M, Patterson BW, Klein S. 2020. Decreased adipose tissue oxygenation associates with insulin resistance in individuals with obesity. J Clin Invest 130(12):6688-6699. doi:10.1172/JCI141828 PMID:33164985 PMCID:PMC7685757
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