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Person Details

Superfund Research Program

Dibakar Bhattacharyya

University of Kentucky
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
169 F Paul Anderson Tower 0046
Lexington, KY 40506-0046
Phone: 859-257-2794
Fax: 859-323-1929


Research Briefs


Hazardous Waste Sites

Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (USDOE)

  • University of Kentucky: Chloro-Organic Degradation by Polymer Membrane Immobilized Iron-Based Particle Systems






  • Gui M, Ormsbee LE, Bhattacharyya D. 2013. Reactive functionalized membranes for polychlorinated biphenyl degradation. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research52(13):10430–10440. doi:10.1021/ie400507c
  • Lewis SR, Smuleac V, Xiao L, Bhattacharyya D. 2013. Tunable Separations, Reactions, and Nanoparticle Synthesis in Functionalized Membranes. Chapter 5 in: Responsive Membranes and Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, United Kingdom. pp.97-142.
  • Smuleac V, Xiao L, Bhattacharyya D. 2013. Greener and Other Approaches To Synthesize Fe and Pd Nanoparticles in Functionalized Membranes and Hydrogel. Chapter 3 in: Sustainable Nanotechnology and the Environment: Advances and Achievements. American Chemical Society, Washington, pp.41-58.
  • Smuleac V, Xiao L, Bhattacharyya D. 2013. Greener and other approaches to synthesize Fe and Pd nanoparticles in functionalized membranes and hydrogel. Chapter 3 in: Sustainable Nanotechnology and the Environment: Advances and Achievements. American Chemical Society, Washington, pp.41-58.
  • Xiao L, Isner AB, Hilt J, Bhattacharyya D. 2013. Temperature responsive hydrogel with reactive nanoparticles. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 128(3):1804-1814. doi:10.1002/app.38335
  • Zahran EM, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2013. Reactivity of Pd/Fe bimetallic nantubes in dechlorination of coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls. Chemosphere91:165-171. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.12.037




  • Ladhe A, Xu J, Hollman AM, Smuleac V, Bhattacharyya D. 2010. Functionalized Membranes for Sorption, Separation and Reaction: An Overview. Chapter 1.02 in: Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering. Elsevier Science, pp.13-27.
  • Meeks ND, Rankin S, Bhattacharyya D. 2010. Sulfur-Functionalization of Porous Silica Particles and Application to Mercury Vapor Sorption. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research49(10):4687-4693. doi:10.1021/ie901580k
  • Smuleac V, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2010. Aqueous-phase synthesis of PAA in PVDF membrane pores for nanoparticle synthesis and dichlorobiphenyl degradation. Journal of Membrane Science346(2):310-317. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2009.09.052
  • Smuleac V, Wu J, Nemser S, Majumdar S, Bhattacharyya D. 2010. Novel perfluorinated polymer-based pervaporation membranes for the separation of solvent/water mixtures. Journal of Membrane Science352(1-2):41-49. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2010.01.058



  • Datta S, Cecil C, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. Functionalized Membranes by Layer-By-Layer Assembly of Polyelectrolytes and In Situ Polymerization of Acrylic Acid for Applications in Enzymatic Catalysis. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research47:4586-4597. doi:10.1021/ie800142d
  • Ladhe A, Frailie P, Hua D, Darsillo M, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. Thiol-functionalized silica-mixed matrix membranes for silver capture from aqueous solutions: Experimental results and modeling. Journal of Membrane Science326:460-470.
  • Tee Y, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. "Synthesis of Chitosan Membrane-Embedded Bimetallic Nanoparticles for the Remediation of Chlorinated Organics. Chapter 8 in: Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications. John Wiley, pp.189-216.
  • Venkatachalam K, Arzuaga X, Chopra N, Gavalas VG, Xu J, Bhattacharyya D, Hennig B, Bachas LG. 2008. Reductive dechlorination of 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB77) using palladium or palladium/iron nanoparticles and assessment of the reduction in toxic potency in vascular endothelial cells. J Hazard Mater159:483-491.
  • Xu J, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. Synthesis of Nanostructured Bimetallic Particles in Polyligand- Functionalized Membranes for Remediation Applications. In: Nanotechnology for Environmental Applications. John Wiley,
  • Xu J, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. Modeling of Fe/Pd Nanoparticle-Based Functionalized Membrane Reactor for PCB Dechlorination at Room Temperature. Journal of Physical Chemistry C112:9133-9144. doi:10.1021/jp7097262


  • Xu J, Bhattacharyya D. 2007. Fe/Pd nanoparticle immobilization in microfiltration membrane pores: synthesis, characterization and application in dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research46(8):2348-2359.


  • Ahuja DK, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2006. Modified fenton reaction for trichlorophenol dechlorination by enzymatically generated H2O2 and gluconic acid chelate. Chemosphere66(11):2193-200.
  • Bhattacharyya D, Hollman AM, Xu J. 2006. Functionalized microporous membranes for environmental and bio applications. In: Proceedings of the Interamerican Chemical Engineering Congress.
  • Smuleac V, Butterfield DA, Bhattacharyya D. 2006. Layer-by-layer-assembled microfiltration membranes for biomolecule immobilization and enzymatic catalysis. Langmuir22(24):10118-24.
  • Tee Y, Bhattacharyya D. 2006. Nanoparticles Embedded Membrane Reactor for the Reductive Degradation of Chlorinated Organics: TCE and PCB Studies. In: Membrane Advances. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,
  • Venkatachalm K, Gavalas VG, Xu S, Leon AC, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2006. Poly(amino acid)-facilitated electrochemical growth of metal nanoparticles. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 6(8):2408-12.


  • Li Y, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Kinetics Studies of Trichlorophenol Destruction by Chelate-Based Fenton Reaction. Environmental Engineering Science22(6):756-771.
  • Meyer DE, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG, Ritchie SM. 2005. Membrane-based Nanostructured Metals for Reductive Degradation of Hazardous Organics. Chapter 890 in: ACS Symposium Series: Nanotechnology and the Environment: Applications and Implications. Clarendon Press, pp.256-267.
  • Meyer DE, Williams M, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Reverse Osmosis. In: Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,
  • Tee Y, Grulke E, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Role of Ni/Fe Nanoparticle Composition on the Degradation of Trichloroethylene from Water. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research44(18):7062-7070.
  • Xu J, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Membrane-based bimetallic nanoparticles for environmental remediation:. Environmental Progress24(4):358-366.
  • Xu J, Dozier A, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Synthesis of Nanoscale bimetallic particles in polyelectrolyte membrane matrix for reductive transformation of halogenated organic compounds. Journal of Nanoparticle Research7(4-5):449-467.


  • Ahuja DK, Gavalas VG, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2004. Aqueous-phase dechlorination of toxic chloroethylenes by vitamin B-12 cobalt center: Conventional and polypyrrole film-based electrochemical studies. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research43(4):1049-1055.
  • Hollman AM, Scherrer NT, Cammers-Goodwin A, Bhattacharyya D. 2004. Separation of dilute electrolytes in poly(amino acid) functionalized microporous membranes: model evaluation and experimental results. Journal of Membrane Science239(1):65-79.
  • Meyer DE, Wood K, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2004. Degradation of chlorinated organics by membrane-immobilized nanosized metals. Environmental Progress23(3):232-242.


  • Bhanushali D, Bhattacharyya D. 2003. Advances in solvent-resistant nanofiltration membranes - Experimental observations and applications. Ann N Y Acad Sci984(1):159-177.
  • Bhattacharyya D, Meyer DE, Bachas LG. 2003. Membrane-based nanostructured metals for reductive degradation of hazardous organics. In: Proceedings of the 225th ACS (American Chemical Society) National Meeting - Spring 2003. New Orleans, LA.
  • Hollman AM, Bhattacharyya D. 2003. Functionalized membranes for tunable separations and toxic metal capture. Chapter Vol. 51 in: New Insights into Membrane Science and Technology: Polymeric, Inorganic and Biofunctional Membranes. Elsevier Science Publisher, pp.329-351.
  • Tee Y, Grulke E, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2003. Polyethyleneimine-based materials for the synthesis of nanosized metal and subsequent toxic organics degradation. In: Proceedings of the AlChE (American Institute of Chemical Engineers) Annual Meeting, November 16-21, 2003. San Franciso, CA.
  • Xu J, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2003. Synthesis of nanoscale metal particles for reductive transformation of halogenated compounds. In: Proceedings of the AlChE (American Institute of Chemical Engineers) Annual Meeting, November 16-21, 2003. San Franciso, CA.


  • Bhanushali D, Kloos S, Bhattacharyya D. 2002. Solute transport in solvent-resistant nanofiltration membranes for non-aqueous systems: experimental results and the role of solute-solvent coupling. Journal of Membrane Science208(1-2):343-359.
  • Bhattacharyya D, Ritchie SM. 2002. An overview of selected membrane techniques for environmental applications. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Chemical Engineers33(1):61-66.
  • Butterfield DA, Colvin J, Liu J, Wang J, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2002. Electron paramagnetic resonance spin label titration: a novel method to investigate random and site-specific immobilization of enzymes onto polymeric membranes with different properties. Anal Chim Acta470:29-36.
  • Hollman AM, Bhattacharyya D. 2002. Controlled permeability and ion exclusion in microporous membranes functionalized with poly(L-glutamic acid). Langmuir18(15):5946-5952.
  • Ritchie SM, Bhattacharyya D. 2002. Membrane-based hybrid processes for high water recovery and selective inorganic pollutant separation. J Hazard Mater92(1):21-32.


  • Bhanushali D, Kloos S, Kurth C, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Performance of solvent-resistant membranes for non-aqueous systems: solvent permeation results and modeling. Journal of Membrane Science189(1):1-21.
  • Bhattacharyya D, Rodgers P, Meyer DE, Wood K, Bachas LG. 2001. Dehalogenation of chlorinated organics by chelate-based fenton reaction and by reductive nano-iron particle based systems. In: Proceedings of the AlChE (American Institute of Chemical Engineers) Annual Meeting, November 4-9, 2001. Rena, NV.
  • Butterfield DA, Bhattacharyya D, Daunert S, Bachas LG. 2001. Catalytic biofunctional membranes containing site-specifically immobilized enzyme arrays: a review. Journal of Membrane Science181(1):29-37.
  • Gavalas VG, Andrews R, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2001. Carbon nanotube sol-gel composite materials. Nano Lett1(12):719-721.
  • Hestekin JA, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Poly(amino acid)-functionalized cellulosic membranes: Metal sorption mechanisms and results. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research40(12):2668-2678.
  • Liu J, Wang J, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Activity studies of immobilized subtilisin on functionalized pure cellulose-based membranes. Biotechnol Prog17(5):866-871.
  • Ritchie SM, Kissick KE, Bachas LG, Sikdar SK, Parikh C, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Polycysteine and other polyamino acid functionalized microfiltration membranes for heavy metal capture. Environ Sci Technol35(15):3252-3258.
  • Rodgers P, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Oxidation of organic contaminants by chelate modified Fenton's Reagent. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Oxidation and Reduction Technologies for In-Situ Treatment of Soil and Groundwater, 2001. Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.
  • Rodgers P, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG, Grulke E. 2001. The effect of iron chelates on the oxidation of organic groudwater contaminants by Fenton's Reagent. In: Proceedings of the 2001 Kentucky Water Resources Symposium. University of Kentucky, KY.
  • TeGrotenhuis J, Bhattacharyya D, Gotpagar JK. 2001. Modified Fenton's for remediation of contaminated groundwater: Field Pilot Scale Application. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Oxidation and Reduction Technologies for In-Situ Treatment of Soil and Groundwater, 2001. Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.
  • Wang J, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2001. Improving the activity of immobilized subtilisin by site-directed attachment through a genetically engineered affinity tag. Fresenius J Anal Chem369(3-4):280-285.
  • Wang J, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2001. Orientation specific immobilization of organophosphorus hydrolase on magnetic particles through gene fusion. Biomacromolecules2(3):700-705.


  • Badr IH, Hestekin JA, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2000. Electrochemical assay for highly charged polyamino acids: Application to polyamino acid functionalized microfiltration membranes. Electroanalysis12(17):1368-1372.
  • Bhattacharyya D, Ritchie SM, Hestekin JA, Bachas LG. 2000. Capture of metals by membranes containing multi-functional ligands. In: Proceedings of the 3rd China-USA Joint Chemical Engineering Conference. Beijing,


  • Gotpagar JK, Lyuksyutov S, Cohn R, Grulke E, Bhattacharyya D. 1999. Reductive dehalogenation of trichloroethylene with zero-valent iron: Surface profiling microscopy and rate enhancement studies. Langmuir15(24):8412-8420.


  • Bhattacharyya D, Hestekin JA, Brushaber P, Cullen L, Bachas LG, Sikdar SK. 1998. Novel poly-glutamic acid functionalized microfiltration membranes for sorption of heavy metals at high capacity. Journal of Membrane Science141(1):121-135.
  • Ganapathi-Desai S, Butterfield DA, Bhattacharyya D. 1998. Kinetics and active fraction determination of a protease enzyme immobilized on functionalized membranes: Mathematical modeling and experimental results. Biotechnol Prog14(6):865-873.

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