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Project Publications: Dartmouth College: Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Exposure Assessment of Metals

Superfund Research Program

Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Exposure Assessment of Metals

Project Leader: Margaret R. Karagas
Grant Number: P42ES007373
Funding Period: 1995-2021

Project-Specific Links



  • Laue HE, Bauer J, Pathmasiri W, Sumner S, McRitchie S, Palys T, Hoen AG, Madan J, Karagas MR. 2024. Patterns of infant fecal metabolite concentrations and social behavioral development in toddlers. Pediatric Research doi:10.1038/s41390-024-03129-z
  • Notario-Barandiaran L, Signes-Pastor AJ, Laue HE, Abuawad A, Jackson BP, Madan JC, Karagas MR. 2024. Association between Mediterranean diet and metal mixtures concentrations in pregnant people from the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. Sci Total Environ 912:doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.169127 PMID:38070554 PMCID:10842702
  • Pikounis T, Amann K, Jackson BP, Punshon T, Gilbert-Diamond D, Korrick SA, Karagas MR, Cottingham K. 2024. Urinary biomarkers of exposure to toxic and essential elements: A comparison of infants fed with human milk or formula. Environ Epidemiol 8(1):doi:10.1097/ee9.0000000000000286 PMID:38343736 PMCID:10852378
  • Punshon T, Bauer J, Karagas MR, Coker M, Weisskopf MG, Mangano J, Bidlack F, Barr M, Jackson BP. 2024. Quantified retrospective biomonitoring of fetal and infant elemental exposure using LA-ICP-MS analysis of deciduous dentin in three contrasting human cohorts. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol doi:10.1038/s41370-024-00652-3 PMID:38347123


  • Bulka C, Everson TM, Burt AA, Marsit CJ, Karagas MR, Boyle KE, Niemiec S, Kechris K, Davidson EJ, Yang IV, Feinberg JI, Volk HE, Ladd-Acosta C, Breton CV, O'Shea TM, Fry RC. 2023. Sex-based differences in placental DNA methylation profiles related to gestational age: an NIH ECHO meta-analysis. Epigenetics 18(1):2179726. doi:10.1080/15592294.2023.2179726 PMID:36840948 PMCID:PMC9980626
  • Chernoff M, Delgado DA, Tong L, Chen LS, Oliva M, Tamayo LI, Best LG, Cole SA, Jasmine F, Kibriya MG, Nelson H, Huang L, Haack K, Kent J, Umans JG, Graziano JH, Navas-Acien A, Karagas MR, Ahsan H, Pierce BL. 2023. Sequencing-based fine-mapping and in silico functional characterization of the 10q24.32 arsenic metabolism efficiency locus across multiple arsenic-exposed populations. PLoS Genet 19(1):e1010588. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1010588 PMID:36668670 PMCID:PMC9891528
  • Crawford KA, Gallagher LG, Baker E, Karagas MR, Romano M. 2023. Predictors of breastfeeding duration in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. Matern Child Health J 27(8):1434-1443. doi:10.1007/s10995-023-03714-4 PMID:37269393
  • Criswell RL, Wang Y, Christensen BC, Botelho JC, Calafat AM, Peterson LA, Huset CA, Karagas MR, Romano M. 2023. Concentrations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in paired maternal plasma and human milk in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort. Environ Sci Technol 57(1):463-472. doi:10.1021/acs.est.2c05555 PMID:36574487 PMCID:PMC9837617
  • Laue HE, Moroishi Y, Palys T, Christensen BC, Criswell RL, Peterson LA, Huset CA, Baker E, Karagas MR, Madan J, Romano M. 2023. Early-life exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and infant gut microbial composition. Environ Epidemiol 7(1):e238. doi:10.1097/EE9.0000000000000238
  • Wang Y, Howe CG, Gallagher LG, Botelho JC, Calafat AM, Karagas MR, Romano M. 2023. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) mixture during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS). Toxics 11(5):450. doi:10.3390/toxics11050450 PMID:37235264 PMCID:PMC10223499
  • Yim G, McGee G, Gallagher LG, Baker E, Jackson BP, Calafat AM, Botelho JC, Karagas MR, Romano M, Howe CG. 2023. Metals and per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances mixtures and birth outcomes in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study: beyond single-class mixture approaches. Chemosphere 329:138644. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.138644 PMID:37031836 PMCID:PMC10208216


  • Ezzamouri B, Palys T, Jackson BP, Coto SD, Madan J, Flohr C, Karagas MR, Peacock JL. 2022. Water hardness and atopic dermatitis in the first year of life in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. Clinical and Experimental Allergy doi:10.1111/cea.14272 PMID:36541020
  • Howe CG, Armstrong DA, Muse ME, Gilbert-Diamond D, Gui J, Hoen AG, Palys T, Barnaby R, Stanton BA, Jackson BP, Christensen BC, Karagas MR. 2022. Periconceptional and prenatal exposure to metals and extracellular vesicle and particle miRNAs in human milk: a pilot study. Expo Health doi:10.1007/s12403-022-00520-1
  • Howe CG, Nozadi S, Garcia E, O'Connor TG, Starling AP, Farzan SF, Jackson BP, Madan J, Alshawabkeh AN, Cordero JF, Bastain TM, Meeker JD, Breton CV, Karagas MR. 2022. Prenatal metal(loid) mixtures and birth weight for gestational age: A pooled analysis of three cohorts participating in the ECHO program. Environ Int 161:doi:10.1016/j.envint.2022.107102 PMID:35081493 PMCID:PMC8891091
  • Laue HE, Moroishi Y, Jackson BP, Palys T, Baker E, Korrick SA, Madan J, Karagas MR. 2022. Bacterial modification of the association between arsenic and autism-related social behavior scores. Expo Health doi:10.1007/s12403-022-00494-0
  • Laue HE, Moroishi Y, Palys T, Jackson BP, Madan J, Karagas MR. 2022. Contribution of gut bacteria to arsenic metabolism in the first year of life in a prospective birth cohort. Environ Res 214:114099. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2022.114099 PMID:35998698
  • Leeming RC, Koutros S, Karagas MR, Baris D, Schwenn M, Johnson A, Zens MS, Schned AR, Rothman N, Silverman DT, Passarelli MN. 2022. Diet quality, common genetic polymorphisms, and bladder cancer risk in a New England population-based study. Eur J Nutr doi:10.1007/s00394-022-02932-w PMID:35759030
  • Li S, Karagas MR, Jackson BP, Passarelli MN, Gui J. 2022. Adaptive-mixture-categorization (AMC)-based g-computation and its application to trace element mixtures and bladder cancer risk. Sci Rep 12(1):17841. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-21747-7 PMID:36284198 PMCID:PMC9596719
  • Moroishi Y, Gui J, Nadeau KC, Morrison HG, Madan J, Karagas MR. 2022. A prospective study of the infant gut microbiome in relation to vaccine response. Pediatric Research 7:doi:10.1038/s41390-022-02154-0 PMID:35717483
  • Moroishi Y, Salas LA, Zhou J, Baker E, Hoen AG, Everson TM, Marsit CJ, Madan J, Gui J, Karagas MR. 2022. Umbilical cord blood immune cell profiles in relation to the infant gut microbiome. iScience 26(1):105833. doi:10.1016/j.isci.2022.105833 PMID:36632065 PMCID:PMC9826880
  • Moroishi Y, Signes-Pastor AJ, Li Z, Cottingham KL, Jackson BP, Punshon T, Madan J, Nadeau KC, Gui J, Karagas MR. 2022. Infant infections, respiratory symptoms, and allergy in relation to timing of rice cereal introduction in a United States cohort. Sci Rep 12:doi:10.1038/s41598-022-08354-2 PMID:35292690 PMCID:PMC8924265
  • Peacock JL, Palys T, Halchenko Y, Sayarath V, Takigawa CA, Murphy SE, Peterson LA, Baker E, Karagas MR. 2022. Assessing tobacco smoke exposure in pregnancy from self-report, urinary cotinine and NNAL: A validation study using the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. BMJ Open 12(2):doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-054535 PMID:35131829 PMCID:PMC8823089
  • Romano M, Gallagher LG, Doherty BT, Yeum D, Lee S, Takazawa M, Anderson KA, Kannan K, Karagas MR. 2022. Inter-method reliability of silicone exposome wristbands and urinary biomarker assays in a pregnancy cohort. Environ Res 214(3):113981. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2022.113981 PMID:35952739
  • Romano M, Heggeseth BC, Gallagher LG, Botelho JC, Calafat AM, Gilbert-Diamond D, Karagas MR. 2022. Gestational per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances exposure and infant body mass index trajectory in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. Environ Res 215:114418. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2022.114418 PMID:36162478
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Sayarath V, Jackson BP, Cottingham KL, Punshon T, Karagas MR. 2022. Dietary exposure to essential and non-essential elements during infants first year of life in the New Hampshire birth cohort study. Expo Health doi:10.1007/s12403-022-00489-x
  • Taylor VF, Karagas MR. 2022. Exposure to arsenolipids and inorganic arsenic from marine-sourced dietary supplements. Chemosphere 296:133930. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.133930 PMID:35182530 PMCID:PMC9007862


  • Baker B, Wu H, Laue HE, Boivin A, Gillet V, Langlois M, Bellenger J, Baccarelli A, Takser L. 2021. Methylparaben in Meconium and Risk of Maternal Thyroid Dysfunction, Adverse Birth Outcomes, and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Environ Int 139:doi:10.1016/j.envint.2020.105716 PMID:32283359 PMCID:PMC7275882
  • Delgado DA, Chernoff M, Huang L, Tong L, Chen LS, Jasmine F, Shinkle J, Cole SA, Kent J, Umans JG, Best LG, Nelson HH, Griend DV, Graziano JH, Kibriya MG, Navas-Acien A, Karagas MR, Ahsan H, Pierce BL. 2021. Rare, protein-altering variants in AS3MT and arsenic metabolism efficiency: a multi-population association study . Environ Health Perspect 129(4):47007. doi:10.1289/EHP9488 PMID:34038222 PMCID:PMC8153690
  • Doherty BT, Koelmel J, Lin EZ, Romano M, Godri Pollitt KJ. 2021. Use of Exposomic Methods Incorporating Sensors in Environmental Epidemiology. Curr Environ Health Rep 8:1-8. doi:10.1007/s40572-021-00306-8 PMID:33569731
  • Doherty BT, McRitchie S, Pathmasiri W, Stewart D, Kirchner D, Anderson KA, Gui J, Madan J, Hoen AG, Sumner SJ, Karagas MR, Romano M. 2021. Chemical exposures assessed via silicone wristbands and endogenous plasma metabolomics during pregnancy. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol doi:10.1038/s41370-021-00394-6 PMID:34702988 (ahead of print)
  • Farzan S, Howe CG, Chen Y, Gilbert-Diamond D, Korrick SA, Jackson BP, Weinstein AR, Karagas MR. 2021. Prenatal and postnatal mercury exposure and blood pressure in childhood. Environ Int 146:106201. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2020.106201 PMID:33129000 PMCID:PMC7775884
  • Laue HE, Karagas MR, Coker M, Bellinger DC, Baker E, Korrick SA, Madan J. 2021. Sex-specific relationships of the infant microbiome and early-childhood behavioral outcomes. Pediatric Research doi:10.1038/s41390-021-01785-z PMID:34732816 (ahead of print)
  • Lee JW, Moen EL, Punshon T, Hoen AG, Romano M, Karagas MR, Zhou J, Gui J. 2021. Prediction of an outcome using NETwork clusters (NET-C). Comput Biol Chem 90:107425. doi:10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2020.107425 PMID:33360198 PMCID:PMC7867575
  • Leeming RC, Karagas MR, Gilbert-Diamond D, Emond JA, Zens MS, Schned AR, Seigne JD, Passarelli MN. 2021. Diet quality and survival in a population-based bladder cancer study. Nutr Cancer 12:PMID:34882045
  • Leeming RC, Karagas MR, Zens MS, Schned AR, Seigne JD, Passarelli MN. 2021. Bladder cancer risk variants and overall and disease-specific survival in two independent cohorts. BJU Int doi:10.1111/bju.15640 PMID:34775665 (ahead of print)
  • Niehoff NM, Keil A, O'Brien KM, Jackson BP, Karagas MR, Weinberg CR, White AJ. 2021. Metals and trace elements in relation to body mass index in a prospective study of US women. Environ Res 184:doi:10.1016/j.envres.2020.109396 PMID:32209500 PMCID:PMC7153007
  • Sauder KA, Harte RN, Ringham BM, Guenther PM, Bailey RL, Alshawabkeh AN, Cordero JF, Dunlop AL, Ferranti EP, Elliott AJ, Mitchell DC, Hedderson MM, Avalos LA, Zhu Y, Breton CV, Chatzi L, Ran J, Hertz-Picciotto I, Karagas MR, Sayarath V, Hoover JH, MacKenzie D, Lyall K, Schmidt RJ, O'Connor TG, Barrett ES, Switkowski KM, Comstock SS, Kerver JM, Trasande L, Tylavsky FA, Wright RJ, Kannan S, Mueller NT, Catellier DJ, Glueck DH, Dabelea D. 2021. Disparities in risks of inadequate and excessive intake of micronutrients during pregnancy. J Nutr 151(11):3555-3569. doi:10.1093/jn/nxab273 PMID:34494118 PMCID:PMC8564697
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Desai G, Garcia-Villarino M, Karagas MR, Kordas K. 2021. Exposure to a mixture of metals and growth indicators in 6-11-year-old children from the 2013-2016 NHANES. Expo Health 13(2):173-184. doi:10.1007/s12403-020-00371-8 PMID:34151044 PMCID:PMC8210664
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Gutierrez-Gonzalez E, Garcia-Villarino M, Rodriguez-Cabrera FD, Lopez-Moreno JJ, Varea-Jimenez E, Pastor-Barriuso R, Pollan M, Navas-Acien A, Perez-Gomez B, Karagas MR. 2021. Toenails as a biomarker of exposure to arsenic: A review. Environ Res 195:110286. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2020.110286 PMID:33075355 PMCID:PMC7987585
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Martinez-Camblor P, Baker E, Madan J, Guill MF, Karagas MR. 2021. Prenatal exposure to arsenic and lung function in children from the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. Environ Int 155:7. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2021.106673 PMID:34091160 PMCID:PMC8353991
  • Thornburg J, Halchenko Y, McCombs M, Siripanichgon N, Dowell E, Cho S, Egner J, Sayarath V, Karagas MR. 2021. Childrens particulate matter exposure characterization as part of the New Hampshire birth cohort study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 18(22):doi:10.3390/ijerph182212109 PMID:34831864 PMCID:PMC8620988


  • Baker B, Lugo-Candelas C, Wu H, Laue HE, Boivin A, Gillet V, Aw N, Rahman T, Lepage J, Whittingstall K, Bellenger J, Posner J, Takser L, Baccarelli A. 2020. Association of Prenatal Acetaminophen Exposure Measured in Meconium With Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Mediated by Frontoparietal Network Brain Connectivity. JAMA Pediatr 174:doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3080 PMID:32986124 PMCID:PMC7522774
  • Buckley JP, Barrett ES, Beamer P, Bennett DH, Bloom MS, Fennell TR, Fry RC, Funk WE, Hamra GB, Hecht SS, Kannan K, Iyer R, Karagas MR, Lyall K, Parsons PJ, Pellizzari ED, Signes-Pastor AJ, Starling AP, Wang A, Watkins DJ, Zhang M, Woodruff TJ. 2020. Opportunities for evaluating chemical exposures and child health in the United States: the Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 30:doi:10.1038/s41370-020-0211-9 PMID:32066883 PMCID:PMC7183426
  • Doherty BT, Kosarek N, Hoofnagle A, Xu Y, Zoeller RT, Yolton K, Chen A, Lanphear BP, Braun JM, Romano M. 2020. Maternal, cord, and three-year-old child serum thyroid hormone concentrations in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment study. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 92:366-372. doi:10.1111/cen.14151 PMID:31901217 PMCID:PMC7251780
  • Doherty BT, Pearce JL, Anderson KA, Karagas MR, Romano M. 2020. Assessment of multipollutant exposures during pregnancy using silicone wristbands. Front Public Health 8:547239. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2020.547239 PMID:33117768 PMCID:PMC7550746
  • Doherty BT, Romano M, Gui J, Punshon T, Jackson BP, Karagas MR, Korrick SA. 2020. Periconceptional and prenatal exposure to metal mixtures in relation to behavioral development at 3 years of age. Environ Epidemiol 4:doi:10.1097/EE9.0000000000000106 PMID:33154986 PMCID:PMC7595192
  • Fleisch AF, Rokoff LB, Garshick E, Grady ST, Chipman JW, Baker E, Koutrakis P, Karagas MR. 2020. Residential wood stove use and indoor exposure to PM2.5 and its components in Northern New England. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 30:350-361. doi:10.1038/s41370-019-0151-4 PMID:31253828 PMCID:PMC6934936
  • Fleisch AF, Seshasayee SM, Garshick E, Chipman JW, Koutrakis P, Baker E, Karagas MR. 2020. Assessment of maternal glycemia and newborn size among pregnant women who use wood stoves in northern New England. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association 3:doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6046 PMID:32463466 PMCID:PMC7256667
  • Laue H, Moroishi Y, Jackson BP, Palys T, Madan JC, Karagas MR. 2020. Nutrient toxic element mixtures and the early postnatal gut microbiome and in a United States longitudinal birth cohort. Environ Int 138:10. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2020.105613 PMID:32142916 PMCID:PMC7136131
  • Laue HE, Korrick SA, Baker E, Karagas MR, Madan JC. 2020. Prospective associations of the infant gut microbiome and microbial function with social behaviors related to autism at age 3 years. Sci Rep 10:11. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-72386-9 PMID:32968156 PMCID:PMC7511970
  • Lebeaux RM, Doherty BT, Gallagher LG, Zoeller RT, Hoofnagle A, Calafat AM, Karagas MR, Yolton K, Chen A, Lanphear BP, Braun JM, Romano M. 2020. Maternal serum perfluoroalkyl substance mixtures and thyroid hormone concentrations in maternal and cord sera: The HOME Study. Environ Res 185:doi:10.1016/j.envres.2020.109395 PMID:32222633 PMCID:PMC7657649
  • Muse ME, Li Z, Baker E, Cottingham KL, Korrick SA, Karagas MR, Gilbert-Diamond D. 2020. Relation between in utero arsenic exposure and growth during the first year of life in a New Hampshire pregnancy cohort. Environ Res 180:108733. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2019.108604 PMID:31710845 PMCID:PMC7333643
  • Shee K, Marsit CJ, Schned AR, Pettus JR, Armstrong DA, Karagas MR, Miller TW, Seigne JD, Andrew AS. 2020. MicroRNA let-7f-5p is a novel biomarker of recurrence and a potential therapeutic opportunity in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. J Urol 203:E226-E226.
  • Shee K, Seigne JD, Karagas MR, Marsit CJ, Hinds JW, Schned AR, Pettus JR, Armstrong DA, Miller TW, Andrew AS. 2020. Identification of Let-7f-5p as a novel biomarker of recurrence in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Cancer Biomark 29:101-110. doi:10.3233/cbm-191322 PMID:32623385
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Punshon T, Cottingham K, Jackson BP, Sayarath V, Gilbert-Diamond D, Korrick SA, Karagas MR. 2020. Arsenic exposure in relation to apple consumption among infants in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. Expo Health 12:doi:10.1007/s12403-020-00356-7 PMID:33195875 PMCID:PMC7665059
  • Zhou J, Viles WD, Lu B, Li Z, Madan JC, Karagas MR, Gui J, Hoen AG. 2020. Identification of microbial interaction network: zero-inflated latent Ising model based approach. BioData Min 13:doi:10.1186/s13040-020-00226-7 PMID:33042226 PMCID:PMC7542390


  • Andrew AS, Karagas MR, Schroeck FR, Marsit CJ, Schned AR, Pettus JR, Armstrong DA, Seigne JD. 2019. MicroRNA Dysregulation and Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer Prognosis. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 28:728-788. doi:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-18-0884 PMID:30700445 PMCID:PMC6473178
  • Antosca KM, Chernikova DA, Price CE, Ruoff KL, Li K, Guill MF, Sontag NR, Morrison HG, Hao S, Drumm ML, MacKenzie TA, Dorman DB, Feenan LM, Williams MA, Dessaint J, Yuan IH, Aldrich BJ, Moulton LA, Ting L, Martinez-del Campo A, Stewart EJ, Karagas MR, O'Toole GA, Madan JC. 2019. Altered stool microbiota of infants with cystic fibrosis shows a reduction in genera associated with immune programming from birth. J Bacteriol 201:doi:10.1128/JB.00274-19 PMID:31209076 PMCID:PMC6657602
  • Camargo J, Pumarega JA, Alguacil J, Sanz-Gallen P, Gasull M, Delclos GL, Amaral AF, Porta M. 2019. Toenail concentrations of trace elements and occupational history in pancreatic cancer. Environ Int 127:216-225. PMID:30928845
  • Everson TM, Marable C, Deyssenroth MA, Punshon T, Jackson BP, Lambertini L, Karagas MR, Chen J, Marsit CJ. 2019. Placental expression of imprinted genes, overall and in sex-specific patterns, associated with placental cadmium concentrations and birth size. Environ Health Perspect 127:57005. doi:10.1289/EHP4264 PMID:31082282 PMCID:PMC6791491
  • Iszatt N, Janssens S, Lenters V, Dahl C, Stigum H, Knight R, Mandal S, Peddada S, Gonzalez A, Midtvedt T, Eggesbo M. 2019. Environmental toxicants in breast milk of Norwegian mothers and gut bacteria composition and metabolites in their infants at 1 month. Microbiome 7(1):34. doi:10.1186/s40168-019-0645-2 PMID:30813950 PMCID:PMC6393990
  • Karagas MR, Punshon T, Davis M, Bulka C, Slaughter F, Karalis D, Argos M, Ahsan H. 2019. Rice intake and emerging concerns on arsenic in rice: A review of the human evidence and methodologic challenges. Curr Environ Health Rep 6:361-72. doi:10.1007/s40572-019-00249-1 PMID:31760590
  • Lee JW, Moen EL, Punshon T, Hoen AG, Stewart D, Li H, Karagas MR, Gui J. 2019. An integrated gaussian graphical model to evaluate the impact of exposures on metabolic networks. Comput Biol Med 114:103417. doi:10.1016/j.compbiomed.2019.103417 PMID:31521894 PMCID:PMC6817396
  • Lundgren SN, Madan JC, Karagas MR, Morrison HG, Hoen AG, Christensen BC. 2019. Microbial communities in human milk relate to measures of maternal weight. Front Microbiol 10:doi:10.3389/fmicb.2019.02886 PMID:31921063 PMCID:PMC6933483
  • O'Brien KM, White AJ, Jackson BP, Karagas MR, Sandler DP, Weinberg CR. 2019. Toenail-based metal concentrations and young-onset breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol 188:646-655. doi:10.1093/aje/kwy283 PMID:30608527 PMCID:PMC6454842
  • O'Brien KM, White AJ, Sandler DP, Jackson BP, Karagas MR, Weinberg CR. 2019. Do post-breast cancer diagnosis toenail trace element concentrations reflect prediagnostic concentrations?. Epidemiology 30(1):112-119. doi:10.1097/EDE.0000000000000927 PMID:30256233 PMCID:PMC6275107
  • Punshon T, Li Z, Jackson BP, Parks WT, Romano M, Conway DC, Baker E, Karagas MR. 2019. Placental metal concentrations in relation to placental growth, efficiency and birth weight. Environ Int 126:533-542. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2019.01.063 PMID:30851484 (ahead of print)
  • Romano M, Gallagher LG, Jackson BP, Baker E, Karagas MR. 2019. Maternal urinary cadmium, glucose intolerance and gestational diabetes in the New Hampshire birth cohort study. Environ Res 179:108733. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2019.108733 PMID:31561054 PMCID:PMC6921495
  • Sauve J, Ramsay JM, Locke SJ, Dopart PJ, Josse PR, Zaebst DD, Albert PS, Cantor KP, Baris D, Jackson BP, Karagas MR, Hosain GM, Schwenn M, Johnson A, Purdue MP, Koutros S, Silverman DT, Friesen MC. 2019. Validity of retrospective occupational exposure estimates of lead and manganese in a case-control study. Occup Environ Med 76:680-687. doi:10.1136/oemed-2019-105744 PMID:31308155 PMCID:PMC6767614
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Bouchard MF, Baker E, Jackson BP, Karagas MR. 2019. Toenail manganese as a biomarker of drinking water exposure: a reliability study from a US pregnancy cohort. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 29:648-654. doi:10.1038/s41370-018-0108-z PMID:30563963 PMCID:PMC6581634 (in press)
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Doherty BT, Romano M, Gleason K, Gui J, Baker E, Karagas MR. 2019. Prenatal exposure to metal mixture and sex-specific birth outcomes in the new hampshire birth cohort study. Environ Epidemiol 3:e068. doi:10.1097/EE9.0000000000000068 PMID:31844832 PMCID:PMC6914313
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Vioque J, Navarrete-Munoz EM, Carey M, Garcia-Villarino M, Fernandez-Somoano A, Tardon A, Santa-Marina L, Irizar A, Casas M, Guxens M, Llop S, Soler-Blasco R, Garcia-de-la-Hera M, Karagas MR, Meharg AA. 2019. Inorganic arsenic exposure and neuropsychological development of children of 4-5 years of age living in Spain. Environ Res 174:135-142. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2019.04.028 PMID:31075694 PMCID:PMC6541502 (ahead of print)
  • Signes-Pastor AJ, Zens MS, Seigne JD, Schned AR, Karagas MR. 2019. Rice consumption and incidence of bladder cancer in a United States population. Epidemiology 30(2):e4-e5. doi:10.1097/ede.0000000000000955 PMID:30721170 PMCID:PMC6368392
  • Yu EY, Wesselius A, van Osch F, Stern MC, Jiang X, Kellen E, Lu C, Pohlabeln H, Steineck G, Marshall J, Allam MF, La Vecchia C, Johnson KC, Benhamou S, Zhang Z, Bosetti C, Taylor JA, Zeegers MP. 2019. The association between coffee consumption and bladder cancer in the bladder cancer epidemiology and nutritional determinants (BLEND) international pooled study. Cancer Causes Control 30:859-870. doi:10.1007/s10552-019-01191-1 PMID:31147895


  • Andrew AS, Chen CY, Caller TA, Tandan R, Henegan PL, Jackson BP, Hall BP, Bradley WG, Stommel EW. 2018. Toenail mercury levels are associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) risk. Muscle Nerve doi:10.1002/mus.26055 PMID:29314106 PMCID:PMC6034986
  • Deyssenroth MA, Gennings C, Liu SH, Peng S, Hao K, Lambertini L, Jackson BP, Karagas MR, Marsit CJ, Chen J. 2018. Intrauterine multi-metal exposure is associated with reduced fetal growth through modulation of the placental gene network. Environ Int 120:373-381. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2018.08.010 PMID:30125854
  • Emond JA, Karagas MR, Baker E, Gilbert-Diamond D. 2018. Better diet quality during pregnancy is associated with a reduced likelihood of an infant born small for gestational age: an analysis of the prospective New Hampshire birth cohort study. J Nutr 148:22-30. doi:10.1093/jn/nxx005 PMID:29378041 PMCID:PMC6251578
  • Farzan SF, Howe CG, Chen Y, Gilbert-Diamond D, Cottingham KL, Jackson BP, Weinstein AR, Karagas MR. 2018. Prenatal lead exposure and elevated blood pressure in children. Environ Int 121(2):1289-1296. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2018.10.049 PMID:30389381 PMCID:PMC6279470
  • Koutros S, Baris D, Waddell R, Freeman LB, Colt JS, Schwenn M, Johnson A, Ward MH, Hosain MG, Moore LE, Stolzenberg-Solomon R, Rothman N, Karagas MR, Silverman DT. 2018. Potential effect modifiers of the arsenic-bladder cancer risk relationship. Int J Cancer 143(11):2640-2646. doi:10.1002/ijc.31720 PMID:29981168 PMCID:PMC6235710
  • Meakin C, Martin EM, Santos H, Mokrova I, Kuban K, O'Shea TM, Joseph RM, Smeester L, Fry RC. 2018. Placental CpG methylation of HPA-axis genes is associated with cognitive impairment at age 10 among children born extremely preterm. Horm Behav 101:29-35. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2018.02.007 PMID:29477804
  • Nachman KE, Punshon T, Rardin LR, Signes-Pastor AJ, Murray CJ, Jackson BP, Guerinot ML, Burke TA, Chen CY, Ahsan H, Argos M, Cottingham KL, Cubadda F, Ginsberg GL, Goodale BC, Kurzius-Spencer M, Meharg AA, Miller M, Nigra AE, Pendergrast CB, Raab A, Reimer K, Scheckel KG, Schwerdtle T, Taylor VF, Tokar EJ, Warczak TM, Karagas MR. 2018. Opportunities and challenges for dietary arsenic intervention. Environ Health Perspect 126(8):084503-1-6. doi:10.1289/EHP3997 PMID:30235424 PMCID:PMC6375412
  • White AJ, O'Brien KM, Jackson BP, Karagas MR. 2018. Urine and toenail cadmium levels in pregnant women: A reliability study. Environ Int 118:86-91. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2018.05.030 PMID:29857281 PMCID:PMC6045451



  • Everson TM, Armstrong DA, Jackson BP, Green BB, Karagas MR, Marsit CJ. 2016. Maternal cadmium, placental PCDHAC1, and fetal development. Reprod Toxicol 65:263-271. doi:10.1016/j.reprotox.2016.08.011 PMID:27544570 PMCID:PMC5226342
  • Farzan S, Gossai A, Chen Y, Chasan-Taber L, Baker E, Karagas MR. 2016. Maternal arsenic exposure and gestational diabetes and glucose intolerance in the New Hampshire birth cohort study. Environ Health 15(1):106. doi:10.1186/s12940-016-0194-0 PMID:27825389 PMCID:PMC5101688
  • Gilbert-Diamond D, Emond JA, Baker E, Korrick SA, Karagas MR. 2016. Relation between in utero arsenic exposure and birth outcomes in a cohort of mothers and their newborns from New Hampshire. Environ Health Perspect 124(8):1299-1307. doi:10.1289/ehp.1510065 PMID:26955061 PMCID:PMC4977046
  • Goossens ME, Isa F, Brinkman MT, Mak D, Reulen RC, Wesselius A, Benhamou S, Bosetti C, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Carta A, Allam MF, Golka K, Grant EJ, Jiang X, Johnson KC, Karagas MR, Kellen E, La Vecchia C, Lu C, Marshall J, Moysich KB, Pohlabeln H, Porru S, Steineck G, Stern MC, Tang L, Taylor JA, van den Brandt P, Villeneuve PJ, Wakai K, Weiderpass E, White E, Wolk A, Zhang Z, Buntinx F, Zeegers MP. 2016. International pooled study on diet and bladder cancer: the bladder cancer, epidemiology and nutritional determinants (BLEND) study: design and baseline characteristics. Arch Public Health 74:30. doi:10.1186/s13690-016-0140-1 PMID:27386115 PMCID:PMC4933992
  • Punshon T, Li Z, Marsit CJ, Jackson BP, Baker E, Karagas MR. 2016. Placental metal concentrations in relation to maternal and infant toenails in a US cohort. Environ Sci Technol 50(3):1587-1594. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b05316 PMID:26727403 PMCID:PMC4873612


  • Andrew AS, Marsit CJ, Schned AR, Seigne JD, Kelsey KT, Moore JH, Perreard L, Karagas MR, Sempere LF. 2015. Expression of tumor suppressive microRNA-34a is associated with a reduced risk of bladder cancer recurrence. Int J Cancer 137(5):1158-1166. doi:10.1002/ijc.29413 PMID:25556547 PMCID:PMC4485975
  • Beane-Freeman L, Karagas MR, Baris D, Schwenn M, Johnson A, Colt JS, Jackson BP, Hosain MG, Cantor KP, Silverman DT. 2015. Is the inverse association between selenium and bladder cancer due to confounding by smoking?. Am J Epidemiol 181(7):488-495. doi:10.1093/aje/kwu324 PMID:25776013 PMCID:PMC4447815
  • Cardenas A, Koestler DC, Houseman EA, Jackson BP, Kile ML, Karagas MR, Marsit CJ. 2015. Differential DNA methylation in umbilical cord blood of infants exposed to mercury and arsenic in utero. Epigenetics 10(6):508-515. doi:10.1080/15592294.2015.1046026 PMID:25923418 PMCID:PMC4622995
  • Farzan S, Chen Y, Wu F, Jiang JY, Liu M, Baker E, Korrick SA, Karagas MR. 2015. Blood pressure changes in relation to arsenic exposure in a US pregnancy cohort. Environ Health Perspect 123(10):999-1006. doi:10.1289/ehp.1408472 PMID:25793356 PMCID:PMC4590746
  • Farzan S, Karagas MR. 2015. Risk of death from cardiovascular disease associated with low-level arsenic exposure among long-term smokers in a US population-based study. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 287(2):93-97. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2015.05.013 PMID:26048586 PMCID:PMC4536141
  • Farzan S, Karagas MR, Jiang JY, Wu F, Liu M, Newman JD, Jasmine F, Kibriya MG, Paul-Brutus R, Parvez F, Argos M, Eunus M, Ahmed A, Rakibuz-Zaman M, Hasan R, Sarwar G, Slavkovich VN, Graziano JH, Ahsan H, Chen Y, Scannell Bryan M, Islam T. 2015. Gene-arsenic interaction in longitudinal changes of blood pressure: findings from the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS) in Bangladesh. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 288(1):95-105. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2015.07.017 PMID:26220686 PMCID:PMC4606937
  • Gossai A, Lesseur C, Farzan S, Marsit CJ, Karagas MR, Gilbert-Diamond D. 2015. Association between maternal urinary arsenic species and infant cord blood leptin levels in a New Hampshire Pregnancy Cohort. Environ Res 136:180-186. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2014.10.005 PMID:25460635 PMCID:PMC4262605
  • Karagas MR, Gossai A, Pierce BL, Ahsan H. 2015. Drinking water arsenic contamination, skin lesions, and malignancies: a systematic review of the global evidence. Curr Environ Health Rep 2(1):52-68. doi:10.1007/s40572-014-0040-x PMID:26231242 PMCID:PMC4522704
  • Punshon T, Chen S, Finney L, Howard L, Jackson BP, Karagas MR, Ornvold K. 2015. High-resolution elemental mapping of human placental chorionic villi using synchrotron X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Anal Bioanal Chem 407(22):6839-6850. doi:10.1007/s00216-015-8861-5 PMID:26138895 PMCID:PMC4663034
  • Punshon T, Davis MA, Marsit CJ, Theiler SK, Baker E, Jackson BP, Conway DC, Karagas MR. 2015. Placental arsenic concentrations in relation to both maternal and infant biomarkers of exposure in a US cohort. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 25(6):599-603. doi:10.1038/jes.2015.16 PMID:25805251 PMCID:PMC4583336


  • Davis MA, Li Z, Gilbert-Diamond D, MacKenzie TA, Cottingham KL, Jackson BP, Lee JS, Baker E, Marsit CJ, Karagas MR. 2014. Infant toenails as a biomarker of in utero arsenic exposure. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 24(5):467-473. doi:10.1038/jes.2014.38 PMID:24896769 PMCID:PMC4141012
  • Koestler DC, Li J, Baron JA, Tsongalis GJ, Butterly LF, Goodrich M, Lesseur C, Karagas MR, Marsit CJ, Moore JH, Andrew AS, Srivastava A. 2014. Distinct patterns of DNA methylation in conventional adenomas involving the right and left colon. Mod Pathol 27:145-155. doi:10.1038/modpathol.2013.104 PMID:23868178 PMCID:PMC3880603
  • Langevin SM, Houseman EA, Accomando WP, Koestler DC, Christensen BC, Nelson HH, Karagas MR, Marsit CJ, Wiencke JK, Kelsey KT. 2014. Leukocyte-adjusted epigenome-wide association studies of blood from solid tumor patients. Epigenetics 9(6):884-895. doi:10.4161/epi.28575 PMID:24671036 PMCID:PMC4065186
  • Nadeau KC, Li Z, Farzan S, Koestler DC, Robbins DJ, Fei DL, Malipatlolla M, Maecker H, Enelow RI, Korrick SA, Karagas MR. 2014. In utero arsenic exposure and fetal immune repertoire in a US pregnancy cohort. Clin Immunol 155(2):188-197. doi:10.1016/j.clim.2014.09.004 PMID:25229165 PMCID:PMC4309995
  • Pan Q, Hu T, Malley JD, Andrew AS, Karagas MR, Moore JH. 2014. A system-level pathway-phenotype association analysis using synthetic feature random forest. Genet Epidemiol 38:209-219. doi:10.1002/gepi.21794 PMID:24535726 PMCID:PMC4327826
  • Sverrisson EF, Zens MS, Fei DL, Andrews A, Schned AR, Robbins DJ, Kelsey KT, Li H, DiRenzo J, Karagas MR, Seigne JD. 2014. Clinicopathological correlates of Gli1 expression in a population-based cohort of patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer. Urol Oncol 32(5):539-545. doi:10.1016/j.urolonc.2014.03.006 PMID:24856810 PMCID:PMC4243987




  • Brinkman MT, Karagas MR, Zens MS, Schned AR, Reulen RC, Zeegers MP. 2011. Intake of alpha-linolenic acid and other fatty acids in relation to the risk of bladder cancer: results from the New Hampshire case-control study. Br J Nutr 106(7):1070-1077. doi:10.1017/s0007114511001346 PMID:21736846 PMCID:PMC3321546 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Cadwalader GO, Renshaw CE, Jackson BP, Magilligan FJ, Landis JD, Bostick BC. 2011. Erosion and physical transport via overland flow of arsenic and lead bound to silt-sized particles. Geomorphology 128(1-2):85-91. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.12.025 PMID:21552357 PMCID:PMC3086532 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Carey A, Norton GJ, Deacon C, Scheckel KG, Lombi E, Punshon T, Guerinot ML, Lanzirotti A, Newville M, Choi Y, Price AH, Meharg AA. 2011. Phloem transport of arsenic species from flag leaf to grain during grain filling. New Phytologist 192:87-98. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03789.x PMID:21658183 PMCID:PMC3932528 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Cowper-Sallari R, Cole MD, Karagas MR, Lupien M, Moore JH. 2011. Layers of epistasis: genome-wide regulatory networks and network approaches to genome-wide association studies. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine 3:513-526. doi:10.1002/wsbm.132 PMID:21197657 PMCID:PMC3062944
  • Dietrich K, Demidenko E, Schned AR, Zens MS, Heaney JA, Karagas MR. 2011. Parity, early menopause and the incidence of bladder cancer in women: a case-control study and meta-analysis. Eur J Cancer 47(4):592-599. doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2010.10.007 PMID:21067913 PMCID:PMC3042804 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Fan R, Zhong M, Wang S, Zhang Y, Andrew AS, Karagas MR, Chen H, Xiong M, Moore JH, Amos CI. 2011. Entropy-based information gain approaches to detect and to characterize gene-gene and gene-environment interactions/correlations of complex diseases. Genet Epidemiol 35(7):706-721. doi:10.1002/gepi.20621 PMID:22009792 PMCID:PMC3384547
  • Gifford AH, Miller SD, Hampton TH, O'Toole GA, Stanton BA, Parker HW, Jackson BP. 2011. Iron and CF-related anemia: expanding clinical and biochemical relationships. Pediatr Pulmonol 46(2):160-165. doi:10.1002/ppul.21335 PMID:20963784 PMCID:PMC3413076 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Gilbert-Diamond D, Cottingham KL, Gruber JF, Punshon T, Sayarath V, Gandolfi A, Baker E, Jackson BP, Folt CL, Karagas MR. 2011. Rice consumption contributes to arsenic exposure in US women. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(51):20656-20660. doi:10.1073/pnas.1109127108 PMID:22143778 PMCID:PMC3251121
  • Gui J, Andrew AS, Andrews PC, Nelson HH, Kelsey KT, Karagas MR, Moore JH. 2011. A robust multifactor dimensionality reduction method for detecting gene-gene interactions with application to the genetic analysis of bladder cancer susceptibility. Annals of Human Genetics 75(1):20-28. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1809.2010.00624.x PMID:21091664 PMCID:PMC3057873 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Gui J, Moore JH, Kelsey KT, Marsit CJ, Karagas MR, Andrew AS. 2011. A novel survival multifactor dimensionality reduction method for detecting gene-gene interactions with application to bladder cancer prognosis. Hum Genet 129(1):101-110. doi:10.1007/s00439-010-0905-5 PMID:20981448 PMCID:PMC3255326 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Hu T, Sinnott-Armstrong NA, Kiralis JW, Andrew AS, Karagas MR, Moore JH. 2011. Characterizing genetic interactions in human disease association studies using statistical epistasis networks. BMC Bioinformatics 12:364. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-12-364 PMID:21910885 PMCID:PMC3215301 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Koutros S, Silverman DT, Baris D, Zahm SH, Morton LM, Colt JS, Hein DW, Moore LE, Johnson A, Schwenn M, Cherala S, Schned AR, Doll MA, Rothman N, Karagas MR. 2011. Hair dye use and risk of bladder cancer in the New England bladder cancer study. Int J Cancer 129(12):2894-2904. doi:10.1002/ijc.26245 PMID:21678399 PMCID:PMC3203248
  • Langevin SM, Houseman EA, Christensen BC, Wiencke JK, Nelson HH, Karagas MR, Marsit CJ, Kelsey KT. 2011. The influence of aging, environmental exposures and local sequence features on the variation of DNA methylation in blood. Epigenetics 6:908-919. doi:10.4161/epi.6.7.16431 PMID:21617368 PMCID:PMC3154431 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Linos A, Petralias A, Christophi CA, Christoforidou E, Kouroutou P, Stoltidis M, Veloudaki A, Tzala E, Makris K, Karagas MR. 2011. Oral ingestion of hexavalent chromium through drinking water and cancer mortality in an industrial area of Greece - An ecological study. Environ Health 10:50. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-10-50 PMID:21609468 PMCID:PMC3123268
  • MacKenzie TA, Zens MS, Ferrara A, Schned AR, Karagas MR. 2011. Diabetes and risk of bladder cancer: Evidence from a case-control study in New England. Cancer 117(7):1552-1556. doi:10.1002/cncr.25641 PMID:21425156 PMCID:PMC3117102 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Marsit CJ, Koestler DC, Christensen BC, Karagas MR, Houseman EA, Kelsey KT. 2011. DNA methylation array analysis identifies profiles of blood-derived DNA methylation associated with bladder cancer. J Clin Oncol 29(9):1133-1139. doi:10.1200/JCO.2010.31.3577 PMID:21343564 PMCID:PMC3083868 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Moore LE, Baris D, Figueroa JD, Garcia-Closas M, Schwenn M, Johnson A, Lubin JH, Hein DW, Dagnall CL, Colt JS, Kida M, Jones MA, Schned AR, Cherala S, Chanock SJ, Cantor KP, Silverman DT, Rothman N, Karagas MR. 2011. GSTM1 null and NAT2 slow acetylation genotypes, smoking intensity and bladder cancer risk: results from the New England bladder cancer study and NAT2 meta-analysis. Carcinogenesis 32(2):182-189. doi:10.1093/carcin/bgq223 PMID:21037224 PMCID:PMC3026839
  • Nuckols JR, Freeman LB, Lubin JH, Airola MS, Baris D, Ayotte JD, Taylor A, Paulu C, Karagas MR, Colt JS, Ward MH, Huang A, Bress W, Cherala S, Cantor KP. 2011. Estimating water supply arsenic levels in the new England bladder cancer study. Environ Health Perspect 199(9):doi:10.1289/ehp.1002345 PMID:21421449 PMCID:PMC3230387 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Taylor VF, Carter A, Davies C, Jackson BP. 2011. Trace-level automated mercury speciation analysis. Analytical Methods 3:1143-1148. doi:10.1039/C0AY00528B PMID:21572543 PMCID:PMC3092719 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Traviss N, Thelen BA, Ingalls JK, Treadwell MD. 2011. Biodiesel versus diesel: a pilot study comparing exhaust exposures for employees at a rural municipal facility. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 60:1026–1033. doi:10.3155/1047-3289.60.9.1026 PMID:20863048 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Wilhelm-Benartzi C, Christensen BC, Koestler DC, Houseman EA, Schned AR, Karagas MR, Kelsey KT, Marsit CJ. 2011. Association of secondhand smoke exposures with DNA methylation in bladder carcinomas. Cancer Causes Control 22(8):1205-1213. doi:10.1007/s10552-011-9788-6 PMID:21660454 PMCID:PMC3140591 (Completed with ARRA Funds)


  • Atwell S, Huang YS, Vilhjalmsson BJ, Willems G, Horton M, Li Y, Meng D, Platt A, Tarone AM, Hu TT, Jiang R, Muliyati N, Zhang X, Amer M, Baxter I, Brachi B, Chory J, Dean C, Debieu M, de Meaux J, Ecker JR, Faure N, Kniskern JM, Jones JD, Michael T, Nemri A, Roux F, Salt DE, Tang C, Todesco M, Traw M, Weigel D, Marjoram P, Borevitz JO, Bergelson J, Nordborg M. 2010. Genome-wide association study of 107 phenotypes in Arabidopsis thaliana inbred lines. Nature 465(7298):627-631. doi:10.1038/nature08800 PMID:20336072 PMCID:PMC3023908 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Brinkman MT, Karagas MR, Zens MS, Schned AR, Reulen RC, Zeegers MP. 2010. Minerals and vitamins and the risk of bladder cancer: results from the New Hampshire Study. Cancer Causes Control 21(4):609-619. doi:10.1007/s10552-009-9490-0 PMID:20043202 PMCID:PMC2839516
  • Chu H, Chiecko J, Punshon T, Lanzirotti A, Lahner B, Salt DE, Walker E. 2010. Successful reproduction requires the function of Arabidopsis Yellow Stripe-Like1 and Yellow Stripe-Like3 metal-nicotianamine transporters in both vegetative and reproductive structures. Plant Physiol 154:197-210. doi:10.1104/pp.110.159103 PMID:20625001 PMCID:PMC2938154 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Fei DL, Li H, Kozul-Horvath CD, Black KE, Singh S, Gosse JA, DiRenzo J, Martin KA, Wang B, Hamilton JW, Karagas MR, Robbins DJ. 2010. Activation of Hedgehog signaling by the environmental toxicant arsenic may contribute to the etiology of arsenic-induced tumors. Cancer Res 70(5):1981-1988. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-2898 PMID:20179202 PMCID:PMC2831120
  • Greene CS, Himmelstein DS, Nelson HH, Kelsey KT, Williams SM, Andrew AS, Karagas MR, Moore JH. 2010. Enabling personal genomics with an explicit test of epistasis. Pac Symp Biocomput 327-36. doi:10.1142/9789814295291_0035 PMID:19908385 PMCID:PMC2916690
  • Grossoehme NE, Spuches AM, Wilcox DE. 2010. Application of isothermal titration calorimetry in bioinorganic chemistry. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry 12:8:1183-1191. doi:10.1007/s00775-010-0693-3 PMID:20725755 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Gui J, Andrew AS, Andrews PC, Nelson HA, Kelsey KT, Karagas MR, Moore JH. 2010. A simple and computationally efficient sampling approach to covariate adjustment for multifactor dimensionality reduction analysis of epistasis. Hum Hered 70:219-225. doi:10.1159/000319175 PMID:20924193 PMCID:PMC2982850
  • Karagas MR. 2010. Arsenic-related mortality in Bangladesh. Lancet 376(9737):213-214. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61002-1 PMID:20646757 PMCID:PMC2940271 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Kwong RC, Karagas MR, Kelsey KT, Mason RA, Tanyos SA, Schned AR, Marsit CJ, Andrew AS. 2010. Arsenic exposure predicts bladder cancer survival in a US population. World J Urol 28(4):487-492. doi:10.1007/s00345-009-0477-y PMID:19834714 PMCID:PMC3296964 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Marsit CJ, Houseman EA, Christensen BC, Gagne LA, Wrensch MR, Nelson HH, Wiemels JL, Zheng S, Wiencke JK, Andrew AS, Schned AR, Karagas MR, Kelsey KT. 2010. Identification of methylated genes associated with aggressive bladder cancer. PLoS One 5:e12334. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012334 PMID:20808801 PMCID:PMC2925945
  • Rothman N, Garcia-Closas M, Chatterjee N, Malats N, Wu X, Figueroa JD, Real FX, Van Den Berg D, Matullo G, Baris D, Thun M, Kiemeney LA, Vineis P, De Vivo I, Albanes D, Purdue MP, Rafnar T, Hildebrandt MA, Kiltie AE, Cussenot O, Golka K, Kumar R, Taylor JA, Mayordomo JI, Jacobs KB, Kogevinas M, Hutchinson A, Wang Z, Fu Y, Prokunina-Olsson L, Burdett L, Yeager M, Wheeler W, Tardon A, Serra C, Carrato A, Garcia-Closas R, Lloreta J, Johnson A, Schwenn M, Karagas MR, Schned AR, Andriole G, Grubb R, Black A, Jacobs EJ, Diver WR, Gapstur SM, Weinstein SJ, Virtamo J, Cortessis VK, Gago-Dominguez M, Pike MC, Stern MC, Yuan J, Hunter DJ, McGrath M, Dinney CP, Czerniak B, Chen M, Yang H, Vermeulen SH, Aben KK, Witjes J, Makkinje RR, Sulem P, Besenbacher S, Stefansson K, Riboli E, Brennan P, Panico S, Navarro C, Allen NE, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Trichopoulos D, Caporaso N, Landi MT, Canzian F, Ljungberg B, Tjonneland A, Clavel-Chapelon F, Bishop DT, Teo MT, Knowles MA, Guarrera S, Polidoro S, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Allione A, Cancel-Tassin G, Selinski S, Hengstler JG, Dietrich H, Fletcher T, Rudnai P, Gurzau ES, Koppova K, Bolick SC, Godfrey A, Xu Z, Sanz-Velez JI, Garcia-Prats MD, Sanchez M, Valdivia G, Porru S, Benhamou S, Hoover RN, Fraumeni JF, Silverman DT, Chanock SJ. 2010. A multi-stage genome-wide association study of bladder cancer identifies multiple susceptibility loci. Nat Genet 42(11):978-984. doi:10.1038/ng.687 PMID:20972438 PMCID:PMC3049891
  • Shaw JR, Bomberger JM, VanderHeide J, LaCasse T, Stanton S, Coutermarsh BA, Barnaby R, Stanton BA. 2010. Arsenic inhibits SGK1 activation of CFTR Cl- channels in the gill of killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus. Aquat Toxicol 98(2):157-164. doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2010.02.001 PMID:20207026 PMCID:PMC3062055 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Wilhelm CS, Kelsey KT, Butler RA, Plaza S, Gagne LA, Zens MS, Andrew AS, Morris S, Nelson HH, Schned AR, Karagas MR, Marsit CJ. 2010. Implications of LINE1 methylation for bladder cancer risk in women. Clin Cancer Res 16:1682-1689. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-09-2983 PMID:20179218 PMCID:PMC2831156
  • Williams JJ, Dutton J, Chen CY, Fisher NS. 2010. Metal (As, Cd, Hg, and CH3Hg) bioaccumulation from water and food by the benthic amphipod Leptocheirus plumulosus. Environ Toxicol Chem 29(8):1755-1761. doi:10.1002/etc.207 PMID:20821629 PMCID:PMC3087379 (Completed with ARRA Funds)


  • Andrew AS, Gui J, Sanderson A, Mason RA, Morlock EV, Schned AR, Kelsey KT, Marsit CJ, Moore JH, Karagas MR. 2009. Bladder cancer SNP panel predicts susceptibility and survival. Hum Genet 125(5-6):527-539. doi:10.1007/s00439-009-0645-6 PMID:19252927 PMCID:PMC2763504
  • Andrew AS, Mason RA, Kelsey KT, Schned AR, Marsit CJ, Nelson HH, Karagas MR. 2009. DNA repair genotype interacts with arsenic exposure to increase bladder cancer risk. Toxicol Lett 187(1):10-14. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2009.01.013 PMID:19429237 PMCID:PMC2680739
  • Baris D, Karagas MR, Verrill C, Johnson A, Andrew AS, Marsit CJ, Colt JS, Cherala S, Samanic C, Waddell R, Cantor KP, Schned AR, Rothman N, Lubin JH, Fraumeni JF, Hoover RN, Kelsey KT, Silverman DT, Schwenn M. 2009. A case-control study of smoking and bladder cancer risk: emergent patterns over time. J Natl Cancer Inst 101(22):1553-1561. doi:10.1093/jnci/djp361 PMID:19917915 PMCID:PMC2778671
  • Christensen BC, Houseman EA, Marsit CJ, Zheng S, Wrensch MR, Wiemels JL, Nelson HH, Karagas MR, Padbury J, Bueno R, Sugarbaker DJ, Yeh R, Wiencke JK, Kelsey KT. 2009. Aging and environmental exposures alter tissue-specific DNA methylation dependent upon CpG island context. PLoS Genet 5(8):e1000602. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000602 PMID:19680444 PMCID:PMC2718614
  • Dietrich K, Schned AR, Fortuny J, Heaney JA, Marsit CJ, Kelsey KT, Karagas MR. 2009. Glucocorticoid therapy and risk of bladder cancer. Br J Cancer 101(8):1316-1320. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605314 PMID:19773763 PMCID:PMC2768444
  • Heck JE, Andrew AS, Onega T, Rigas JR, Jackson BP, Karagas MR, Duell EJ. 2009. Lung cancer in a US population with low to moderate arsenic exposure. Environ Health Perspect 117(11):1718-1723. doi:10.1289/ehp.0900566 PMID:20049123 PMCID:PMC2801179
  • Mason RA, Morlock EV, Karagas MR, Kelsey KT, Marsit CJ, Schned AR, Andrew AS. 2009. EGFR pathway polymorphisms and bladder cancer susceptibility and prognosis. Carcinogenesis 30(7):1155-1160. doi:10.1093/carcin/bgp077 PMID:19372140 PMCID:PMC2704279
  • Sloan CD, Andrew AS, Duell EJ, Williams SM, Karagas MR, Moore JH. 2009. Genetic population structure analysis in New Hampshire reveals Eastern European ancestry. PLoS One 4(9):e6928. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006928 PMID:19738909 PMCID:PMC2734429
  • Stern MC, Lin J, Figueroa JD, Kelsey KT, Kiltie AE, Yuan J, Matullo G, Fletcher T, Benhamou S, Taylor JA, Placidi D, Zhang Z, Steineck G, Rothman N, Kogevinas M, Silverman DT, Malats N, Chanock SJ, Wu X, Karagas MR, Andrew AS, Nelson HH, Bishop DT, Sak S, Choudhury A, Barrett JH, Elliot F, Corral R, Joshi AD, Gago-Dominguez M, Cortessis VK, Gao Y, Xiang Y, Vineis P, Sacerdote C, Guarrera S, Polidoro S, Allione A, Gurzau ES, Koppova K, Kumar R, Rudnai P, Porru S, Carta A, Campagna M, Arici C, Park S, Garcia-Closas M. 2009. Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes, smoking, and bladder cancer risk: findings from the international consortium of bladder cancer. Cancer Res 69(17):6857-6864. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-1091 PMID:19706757 PMCID:PMC2782435
  • Wu X, Ye Y, Kiemeney LA, Sulem P, Rafnar T, Matullo G, Seminara D, Yoshida T, Saeki N, Andrew AS, Dinney CP, Czerniak B, Zhang Z, Kiltie AE, Bishop DT, Vineis P, Porru S, Buntinx F, Kellen E, Zeegers MP, Kumar R, Rudnai P, Gurzau ES, Koppova K, Mayordomo J, Sanchez M, Saez B, Lindblom A, de Verdier, P, Steineck G, Mills GB, Schned AR, Guarrera S, Polidoro S, Chang S, Lin J, Chang DW, Hale KS, Majewski T, Grossman HB, Thorlacius S, Thorsteinsdottir U, Aben KK, Witjes J, Stefansson K, Amos CI, Karagas MR, Gu J. 2009. Genetic variation in the prostate stem cell antigen gene PSCA confers susceptibility to urinary bladder cancer. Nat Genet 41(9):991-995. doi:10.1038/ng.421 PMID:19648920 PMCID:PMC3313685


  • Andrew AS, Jewell DA, Mason RA, Whitfield ML, Moore JH, Karagas MR. 2008. Drinking-water arsenic exposure modulates gene expression in human lymphocytes from a US population. Environ Health Perspect 116(4):524-531. doi:10.1289/ehp.10861 PMID:18414638 PMCID:PMC2290973
  • Andrew AS, Karagas MR, Nelson HH, Guarrera S, Polidoro S, Gamberini S, Sacerdote C, Moore JH, Kelsey KT, Demidenko E, Vineis P, Matullo G. 2008. DNA repair polymorphisms modify bladder cancer risk: a multi-factor analytic strategy. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 65(2):105-118. doi:10.1159/000108942 PMID:17898541 PMCID:PMC2857629
  • Houseman EA, Christensen BC, Yeh R, Marsit CJ, Karagas MR, Wrensch MR, Nelson HH, Wiemels JL, Zheng S, Wiencke JK, Kelsey KT. 2008. Model-based clustering of DNA methylation array data: a recursive-partitioning algorithm for high-dimensional data arising as a mixture of beta distributions. BMC Biochem 9:365. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-9-365 PMID:18782434 PMCID:PMC2553421
  • Moore JH, Karagas MR, Andrew AS. 2008. Analysis of Complex Datasets. Chapter 16 in: Molecular Epidemiology of Chronic Diseases. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, United Kingdom. pp.207-222.
  • Moore JH, Karagas MR, Andrew AS. 2008. Novel analytical methods for association studies. Chapter 12 in: Molecular Epidemiology: Applications in Cancer and Other Human Diseases. nforma Health Care, pp.169-187.
  • Schned AR, Andrew AS, Marsit CJ, Kelsey KT, Zens MS, Karagas MR. 2008. Histological classification and stage of newly diagnosed bladder cancer in a population-based study from the Northeastern United States. Scand J Urol Nephrol 42(3):237-42. PMID:18432530


  • Andrew AS, Bernardo V, Warnke L, Davey JC, Hampton TH, Mason RA, Thorpe JE, Ihnat MA, Hamilton JW. 2007. Exposure to arsenic at levels found inUS drinking water modifies expression in the mouse lung. Toxicol Sci 100(1):75-87. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfm200 PMID:17682005
  • Sturup S, Folt CL, Karagas MR, Rees JR, Chen CY. 2007. Toenail mercury and dietary fish consumption. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17(1):25-30. doi:10.1038/sj.jes.7500516 PMID:16912698


  • Andrew AS, Burgess JL, Meza MM, Demidenko E, Waugh MG, Hamilton JW, Karagas MR. 2006. Arsenic exposure is associated with decreased DNA repair in vitro and in individuals exposed to drinking water arsenic. Environ Health Perspect 114(8):1193-1198. PMID:16882524 PMCID:PMC1552016
  • Andrew AS, Nelson HH, Kelsey KT, Moore JH, Meng AC, Casella DP, Tosteson TD, Schned AR, Karagas MR. 2006. Concordance of multiple analytical approaches demonstrates a complex relationship between DNA repair gene SNPs, smoking and bladder cancer susceptibility. Carcinogenesis 27(5):1030-1037. PMID:16311243
  • Ayotte JD, Baris D, Cantor KP, Colt JS, Robinson GR, Lubin JH, Karagas MR, Hoover RN, Fraumeni JF, Silverman DT. 2006. Bladder cancer mortality and private well use in New England: an ecological study. J Epidemiol Community Health 60(2):168-172. doi:10.1136/jech.2005.038620 PMID:16415269 PMCID:PMC2566149
  • Ayotte JD, Nolan BT, Nuckols JR, Cantor KP, Robinson GR, Baris D, Hayes L, Karagas MR, Bress W, Silverman DT, Lubin JH. 2006. Modeling the probability of arsenic in groundwater in New England as a tool for exposure assessment. Environ Sci Technol 40(11):3578-85. doi:10.1021/es051972f PMID:16786697
  • Karagas MR, Weinstock MA, Nelson HH. 2006. Keratinocyte Carcinomas. Chapter 64 in: Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
  • Manuguerra M, Saletta F, Karagas MR, Berwick M, Veglia F, Vineis P, Matullo G. 2006. XRCC3 and XPD/ERCC2 single nucleotide polymorphisms and the risk of cancer: a HuGE review. Am J Epidemiol 164(4):297-302. PMID:16707649
  • Marsit CJ, Houseman EA, Eddy K, Bueno R, Sugarbaker DJ, Nelson HH, Karagas MR, Kelsey KT, Christensen BC. 2006. Examination of a CpG island methylator phenotype and implications of methylation profiles in solid tumors. Cancer Res 66(21):10621-9. PMID:17079487
  • Marsit CJ, Karagas MR, Danaee H, Liu M, Andrew AS, Schned AR, Nelson HH, Kelsey KT. 2006. Carcinogen exposure and gene promoter hypermethylation in bladder cancer. Carcinogenesis 27(1):112-116. PMID:15987713
  • Marsit CJ, Karagas MR, Schned AR, Kelsey KT. 2006. Carcinogen exposure and epigenetic silencing in bladder cancer. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1076:810-821. doi:10.1196/annals.1371.031 PMID:17119258
  • Schottenfeld D, ed. 2006. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Oxford University Press, New York, NY.


  • Buzas JS, Stefanski LA, Tosteson TD. 2005. Measurement Error. Chapter II.5 in: Handbook of Epidemiology. Springer Verlag, pp.729.
  • Hirao S, Hirao T, Hirao Y, Marsit CJ, Schned AR, Devi-Ashok T, Nelson HH, Andrew AS, Karagas MR, Kelsey KT. 2005. Loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 9q and p53 alterations in human bladder cancer. Cancer 104(9):1918-1923. doi:10.1002/cncr.21423 PMID:16149093
  • Karagas MR, Park S, Nelson HH, Andrew AS, Mott LA, Schned AR, Kelsey KT. 2005. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) variants and bladder cancer: a population-based case-control study. Int J Hyg Environ Health 208(5):321-327. PMID:16217917
  • Karagas MR, Park S, Warren AJ, Hamilton JW, Nelson HH, Mott LA, Kelsey KT. 2005. Gender, smoking, glutathione-S-transferase variants and bladder cancer incidence: a population-based study. Cancer Lett 219(1):63-69. doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2004.10.006 PMID:15694665
  • Kelsey KT, Hirao T, Hirao S, Devi-Ashok T, Nelson HH, Andrew AS, Colt JS, Baris D, Morris J, Schned AR, Karagas MR. 2005. TP53 alterations and patterns of carcinogen exposure in a US population-based study of bladder cancer. Int J Cancer 117(3):370-375. doi:10.1002/ijc.21195 PMID:15906354
  • Marsit CJ, Karagas MR, Andrew AS, Liu M, Danaee H, Schned AR, Nelson HH, Kelsey KT. 2005. Epigenetic inactivation of SFRP genes and TP53 alteration act jointly as markers of invasive bladder cancer. Cancer Res 65(16):7081-7085. PMID:16103055


  • Andrew AS, Schned AR, Heaney JA, Karagas MR. 2004. Bladder cancer risk and personal hair dye use. Int J Cancer 109(4):581-586. PMID:14991581
  • Carroll RJ, Ruppert D, Tosteson TD, Karagas MR. 2004. Nonlinear and nonparametric regression and instrumental variables. J Am Stat Assoc 99(467):736-750.
  • Colt JS, Baris D, Stewart P, Schned AR, Heaney JA, Mott LA, Silverman DT, Karagas MR. 2004. Occupation and bladder cancer risk in a population-based case-control study in New Hampshire. Cancer Causes Control 15(8):759-769. PMID:15456989
  • Karagas MR, Tosteson TD, Morris J, Demidenko E, Mott LA, Heaney JA, Schned AR. 2004. Incidence of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder and arsenic exposure in New Hampshire. Cancer Causes Control 15(5):465-472. PMID:15286466
  • Kelsey KT, Hirao T, Schned AR, Hirao S, Devi-Ashok T, Nelson HH, Andrew AS, Karagas MR. 2004. A population-based study of immunohistochemical detection of p53 alteration in bladder cancer. Br J Cancer 90(8):1572-1576. PMID:15083187
  • Kelsey KT, Park S, Nelson HH, Karagas MR. 2004. A population-based case-control study of the XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism and susceptibility to bladder cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13(8):1337-1341. PMID:15298955
  • Wickre JB, Folt CL, Sturup S, Karagas MR. 2004. Environmental exposure and fingernail analysis of arsenic and mercury in children and adults in a Nicaraguan gold mining community. Arch Environ Health 59(8):400-409. PMID:16268116


  • Zheng H, Wang X, Warren AJ, Legerski RJ, Nairn RS, Hamilton JW, Li L. 2003. Transcription-coupled mucleotide excision repair in error-prone removal of mitomycin C interstrand cross-links. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting, 2003.


  • Andrew AS, Karagas MR, Schned AR, Hamilton JW. 2002. Decreased expression of DNA repair genes ERCC1, XPF, and XPB, but not XPG or XPA among individuals exposed to arsenic in drinking water. In: Proceedings of the 93rd Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, April 6-10, 2002. San Francisco, CA.
  • Andrew AS, Mott LA, Heaney JA, Schned AR, Karagas MR. 2002. Bladder cancer risk and personal hair dye use in women. In: Proceedings of the 93rd Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, April 6-10, 2002. San Francisco, CA.
  • Colt JS, Baris D, Clark SF, Ayotte JD, Ward MH, Nuckols JR, Cantor KP, Silverman DT, Karagas MR. 2002. Sampling private wells at past homes to estimate arsenic exposure: a methodologic study in New England. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 12(5):329-334. PMID:12198581
  • Danaee H, Nelson HH, Karagas MR, Schned AR, Devi-Ashok T, Hirao T, Perry AE, Kelsey KT. 2002. Microsatellite instability at tetranucleotide repeats in skin and bladder cancer. Oncogene 21(32):4894-4899. PMID:12118368
  • Danaee H, Nelson HH, Karagas MR, Schned AR, Devi-Ashok T, Hirao T, Perry AE, Kelsey KT. 2002. Microsatellite instability at tetranucleotide repeats in skin and bladder cancer. In: Proceedings of the 93rd Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, April 6-10, 2002. San Francisco, CA.
  • Karagas MR, Nelson HA, Kelsey KT, Morris S, Blum JD, Tosteson TD, Carey M, Le X. 2002. Urinary Arsenic species in relation to drinking water and toenail arsenic concentrations and genetic polymorphisms in GSTM1 in New Hampshire. Chapter 17 in: Biomarkers of Environmentally Associated Disease: Technologies, Concepts, and Perspectives. CRC Press Company, Boca Raton, FL.
  • Karagas MR, Stukel TA, Tosteson TD. 2002. Assessment of cancer risk and environmental levels of arsenic in New Hampshire. Int J Hyg Environ Health 205(1-2):85-94. PMID:12018020
  • Nelson HH, Kelsey KT. 2002. The molecular epidemiology of asbestos and tobacco in lung cancer. Oncogene 21(48):7284-7288. PMID:12379872
  • Schned AR, Karagas MR, Kelsey KT. 2002. Prevalence of bladder tumour types in a non-selected patient Population, classified according tothe World Health Organization/International Society of Urologic Pathologists(WHO/ISUP) System. Histopathology 41(S1):52-53.


  • Karagas MR, Le X, Morris S, Blum JD, Lu X, Spate VL, Carey M, Stannard V, Klaue B, Tosteson TD. 2001. Markers of low level arsenic exposure for evaluating human cancer risks in a US population. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 14(2):171-175. PMID:11548067
  • Karagas MR, Stukel TA, Morris J, Tosteson TD, Spencer SK, Greenberg ER. 2001. Skin cancer risk in relation to toenail arsenic concentrations in a US population-based case-control study. Am J Epidemiol 153(6):559-565. PMID:11257063
  • Park S, Karagas MR, Nelson HH, Mott LA, Bronson KM, Kelsey KT. 2001. X-ray repair cross-complementing gene 1 (XRCC1) polymorphisms and the risk of bladder cancer. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting, 2001.


  • Tosteson TD, Karagas MR. 2000. Designing an arsenic and bladder cancer case-control study. What sample size is needed to detect the beginning of dose-response?. Metal Ions in Biology and Medicine 6:28-30.


  • Peters SC, Blum JD, Klaue B, Karagas MR. 1999. Arsenic occurrence in New Hampshire drinking water. Environ Sci Technol 33(9):1328-1333.


  • Karagas MR, Tosteson TD, Blum JD, Morris J, Baron JA, Klaue B. 1998. Design of an epidemiological study of drinking water arsenic exposure and cancer risk in a US population. Environ Health Perspect 106Suppl.4:1047-1050.
  • Nichols TA, Morris J, Mason MM, Spate VL, Baskett CK, Cheng TP, Tharp CJ, Scott JA, Horsman TL, Tawson AE, Karagas MR, Stannard V, Colbert JW. 1998. The study of human nails as an intake monitor for arsenic using neutron activation analysis. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 236(1-2):51-56. doi:10.1007/BF02386317


  • Karagas MR, Morris J, Weiss JE, Spate VL, Baskett CK, Greenberg ER. 1996. Toenail samples as an indicator of drinking water arsenic exposure. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 5(10):849-852. PMID:8896897
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