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Project Publications: Dartmouth College: Methylmercury Production and Fate in Response to Multiple Environmental Factors

Superfund Research Program

Methylmercury Production and Fate in Response to Multiple Environmental Factors

Project Leader: Celia Y. Chen
Grant Number: P42ES007373
Funding Period: 2000-2021

Project-Specific Links



  • Chernoff M, Delgado DA, Tong L, Chen LS, Oliva M, Tamayo LI, Best LG, Cole SA, Jasmine F, Kibriya MG, Nelson H, Huang L, Haack K, Kent J, Umans JG, Graziano JH, Navas-Acien A, Karagas MR, Ahsan H, Pierce BL. 2023. Sequencing-based fine-mapping and in silico functional characterization of the 10q24.32 arsenic metabolism efficiency locus across multiple arsenic-exposed populations. PLoS Genet 19(1):e1010588. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1010588 PMID:36668670 PMCID:PMC9891528
  • Mason RP, Buckman KL, Seelen EA, Taylor VF, Chen CY. 2023. An examination of the factors influencing the bioaccumulation of methylmercury at the base of the estuarine food web. Sci Total Environ 886:163996. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163996 PMID:37164101



  • Backstrom CH, Chen CY, Buckman KL, Molden E. 2020. Mercury levels in freshwater fish: estimating concentration with fish length to determine exposures through fish consumption. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 78(4):604-621. doi:10.1007/s00244-020-00717-y PMID:32047945 PMCID:PMC7193739
  • Eagles-Smith CA, Willacker JJ, Nelson SJ, Flanagan Pritz CM, Krabbenhoft DP, Chen CY, Ackerman JT, Campbell Grant EH, Pilliod DS. 2020. A National-Scale Assessment of Mercury Bioaccumulation in United States National Parks Using Dragonfly Larvae As Biosentinels through a Citizen-Science Framework. Environ Sci Technol 54:8779-8790. doi:10.1021/acs.est.0c01255 PMID:32633494


  • Broadley HJ, Cottingham KL, Baer NA, Weathers KC, Ewing HA, Chaves-Ulloa R, Chickering J, Wilson AM, Shrestha J, Chen CY. 2019. Factors affecting MeHg bioaccumulation in stream biota: The role of dissolved organic carbon and diet. Ecotoxicology 28:949-963. doi:10.1007/s10646-019-02086-2 PMID:31410744 PMCID:PMC6814552
  • Buckman KL, Seelen EA, Mason RP, Balcom PH, Taylor VF, Ward JE, Chen CY. 2019. Sediment organic carbon and temperature effects on methylmercury concentration: A mesocosm experiment. Sci Total Environ 20:1316-1326. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.302 PMID:30970496 PMCID:PMC6461384
  • Curtis AN, Bourne K, Borsuk M, Buckman KL, Demidenko E, Taylor VF, Chen CY. 2019. Effects of temperature, salinity, and sediment organic carbon on methylmercury bioaccumulation in an estuarine amphipod. Sci Total Environ 687:907-916. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.094 PMID:31412494 PMCID:PMC6697058
  • Faccio SD, Buckman KL, Lloyd JD, Curtis AN, Taylor VF. 2019. Bioaccumulation of methylmercury in wood frogs and spotted salamanders in Vermont vernal pools. Ecotoxicology doi:10.1007/s10646-019-02068-4 PMID:31243636
  • Liu M, Zhang Q, Ge S, Mason RP, Luo Y, He Y, Xie H, Sa R, Chen L, Wang X. 2019. Rapid Increase in the Lateral Transport of Trace Elements Induced by Soil Erosion in Major Karst Regions in China. Environ Sci Technol 53:4206-4214. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b06143 PMID:30864783 PMCID:PMC6485431
  • Nelson SJ, Chen CY, Kahl JS. 2019. Dragonfly larvae as biosentinels of Hg bioaccumulation in Northeastern and Adirondack lakes: Relationships to abiotic factors. Ecotoxicology 14:doi:10.1007/s10646-019-02149-4 PMID:31883061
  • Shaw JR, Colbourne JK, Glaholt SP, Turner E, Folt CL, Chen CY. 2019. Dynamics of cadmium acclimation in Daphnia pulex: linking fitness costs, cross-tolerance, and hyper-induction of metallothionein. Environ Sci Technol 53:14670-14678. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b05006 PMID:31738529
  • Shipley ON, Lee C, Fisher NS, Burruss G, Frisk MG, Brooks EJ, Zuckerman ZC, Herrmann AD, Madigan DJ. 2019. Trophodynamics and mercury bioaccumulation in reef and open-ocean fishes from the Bahamas with a focus on two teleost predators. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 608:221-232. doi:10.3354/meps12798
  • Taylor VF, Buckman KL, Burgess RM. 2019. Preliminary investigation of polymer-based in situ passive samplers for mercury and methylmercury. Chemosphere 234:806-814. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.093 PMID:31247490 PMCID:PMC6742538


  • Andrew AS, Chen CY, Caller TA, Tandan R, Henegan PL, Jackson BP, Hall BP, Bradley WG, Stommel EW. 2018. Toenail mercury levels are associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) risk. Muscle Nerve doi:10.1002/mus.26055 PMID:29314106 PMCID:PMC6034986
  • Buckman KL, Lane O, Kotnik J, Bratkic A, Sprovieri F, Horvat M, Pirrone N, Evers DC, Chen CY. 2018. Spatial and taxonomic variation of mercury concentration in low trophic level fauna from the Mediterranean Sea. Ecotoxicology 1-12. doi:10.1007/s10646-018-1986-5 PMID:30315417
  • Chen CY, Driscoll CT. 2018. Integrating mercury research and policy in a changing world. Ambio 47:111-115. doi:10.1007/s13280-017-1010-y PMID:29388125 PMCID:PMC5794685
  • Chen CY, Driscoll CT, Eagles-Smith CA, Eckley CS, Gay DA, Hsu-Kim H, Keane SE, Kirk JL, Mason RP, Obrist D, Selin H, Selin NE, Thompson MR. 2018. A critical time for mercury science to inform global policy. Environ Sci Technol 52(17):9556-9561. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b02286 PMID:30067020
  • Cochran JP, Haskins DL, Eady NA, Hamilton MT, Pilgrim MA, Tuberville TD. 2018. Coal combustion residues and their effects on trace element accumulation and health indices of eastern mud turtles (Kinosternon subrubrum). Environ Pollut 243:346-353. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.08.035 PMID:30196204
  • Eagles-Smith CA, Silbergeld EK, Basu N, Bustamante P, Diaz-Barriga F, Hopkins WA, Kidd KA, Nyland JF. 2018. Modulators of mercury risk to wildlife and humans in the context of rapid global change. Ambio 47:170-197. doi:10.1007/s13280-017-1011-x PMID:29388128 PMCID:PMC5794686
  • Hampton TH, Jackson CE, Jung D, Chen CY, Glaholt SP, Stanton BA, Colbourne JK, Shaw JR. 2018. Arsenic reduces gene expression response to changing salinity in killifish. Environ Sci Technol 52:8811-8821. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b01550 PMID:29979584 PMCID:PMC6084426
  • Hsu-Kim H, Eckley CS, Acha D, Feng X, Gilmour CC, Jonsson S. 2018. Challenges and opportunities for managing aquatic mercury pollution in altered landscapes. Ambio 47:141-169. doi:10.1007/s13280-017-1006-7 PMID:29388127 PMCID:PMC5794684
  • Lee C, Fisher NS. 2018. Microbial generation of elemental mercury from dissolved methylmercury in seawater. Limnology and Oceanography 64(2):679-693. doi:10.1002/lno.11068 PMID:31105337 PMCID:PMC6519744
  • Liu M, Chen L, He Y, Baumann Z, Mason RP, Shen H, Yu C, Zhang W, Zhang Q, Wang X. 2018. Impacts of farmed fish consumption and food trade on methylmercury exposure in China. Environ Int 120:333-344. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2018.08.017 PMID:30114623
  • Liu M, He Y, Baumann Z, Yu C, Ge S, Sun X, Cheng M, Shen H, Mason RP, Chen L, Zhang Q, Wang X. 2018. Traditional Tibetan medicine induced high methylmercury exposure level and environmental mercury burden in Tibet, China. Environ Sci Technol 52:8838-8847. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b01754 PMID:30019578
  • Liu M, Zhang Q, Luo Y, Mason RP, Ge S, He Y, Yu C, Sa R, Cao H, Wang X, Chen L. 2018. Impact of water-induced soil erosion on the terrestrial transport and atmospheric emission of mercury in China. Environ Sci Technol 52:6945-6956. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b01319 PMID:29785847 PMCID:PMC6036913
  • Nachman KE, Punshon T, Rardin LR, Signes-Pastor AJ, Murray CJ, Jackson BP, Guerinot ML, Burke TA, Chen CY, Ahsan H, Argos M, Cottingham KL, Cubadda F, Ginsberg GL, Goodale BC, Kurzius-Spencer M, Meharg AA, Miller M, Nigra AE, Pendergrast CB, Raab A, Reimer K, Scheckel KG, Schwerdtle T, Taylor VF, Tokar EJ, Warczak TM, Karagas MR. 2018. Opportunities and challenges for dietary arsenic intervention. Environ Health Perspect 126(8):084503-1-6. doi:10.1289/EHP3997 PMID:30235424 PMCID:PMC6375412
  • Obrist D, Kirk JL, Zhang L, Sunderland EM, Jiskra M, Selin NE. 2018. A review of global environmental mercury processes in response to human and natural perturbations: Changes of emissions, climate, and land use. Ambio 47:198-215. doi:10.1007/s13280-017-1004-9 PMID:29388126 PMCID:PMC5794683
  • Ritger AL, Curtis AN, Chen CY. 2018. Bioaccumulation of mercury and other metal contaminants in invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) from Curacao. Mar Pollut Bull 131:38-44. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.03.035 PMID:29886962 PMCID:PMC5999044
  • Seelen EA, Massey GM, Mason RP. 2018. Role of sediment resuspension on estuarine suspended particulate mercury dynamics. Environ Sci Technol 52:7736-7744. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b01920 PMID:29927238 PMCID:PMC6051696
  • Selin H, Keane SE, Wang S, Selin NE, Davis K, Bally D. 2018. Linking science and policy to support the implementation of the Minamata Convention on Mercury. Ambio 47:198-215. doi:10.1007/s13280-017-1003-x PMID:29388129 PMCID:PMC579468
  • Shi X, Mason RP, Charette MA, Mazrui NM, Cai P. 2018. Mercury flux from salt marsh sediments: insights from a comparison between (224)Ra/(228)Th disequilibrium and core incubation methods. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 222:569-583. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2017.10.033 PMID:29515259 PMCID:PMC5836733
  • Taylor VF, Buckman KL, Seelen EA, Mazrui NM, Balcom PH, Mason RP, Chen CY. 2018. Organic carbon content drives methylmercury levels in the water column and in estuarine food webs across latitudes in the Northeast United States. Environ Pollut 246:639-649. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.12.064 PMID:30605819



  • Baumann Z, Mason RP, Conover DO, Balcom PH, Chen CY, Buckman KL, Fisher NS, Baumann H. 2016. Mercury bioaccumulation increases with latitude in a coastal marine fish (Atlantic silverside Menidia menidia). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 74(7):1009-1015. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2016-0396 PMID:28701819 PMCID:PMC5502350
  • Chaves-Ulloa R, Taylor BW, Broadley HJ, Cottingham KL, Baer NA, Weathers KC, Ewing HA, Chen CY. 2016. Dissolved organic carbon modulates mercury concentrations in insect subsidies from streams to terrestrial consumers. Ecol Appl 26(6):1771-1784. doi:10.1890/15-0025.1 PMID:27755696 PMCID:PMC5070544
  • Chen CY, Driscoll CT, Lambert KF, Mason RP, Sunderland EM. 2016. Connecting mercury science to policy: from sources to seafood. Rev Environ Health 31(1):17-20. doi:10.1515/reveh-2015-0044 PMID:26820177 PMCID:PMC4832595
  • Chen CY, Ward DM, Williams JJ, Fisher NS. 2016. Metal bioaccumulation by estuarine food webs in New England, USA. J Mar Sci Eng 4(2):4. doi:10.3390/jmse4020041 PMID:28580179 PMCID:PMC5455787
  • Gribble MO, Karimi R, Feingold BJ, Nyland JF, O'Hara TM, Gladyshev MI, Chen CY. 2016. Mercury, selenium and fish oils in marine food webs and implications for human health. J Mar Biol Assoc U.K 96(1):43-59. doi:10.1017/S0025315415001356 PMID:26834292 PMCID:PMC4720108
  • Gustin MS, Evers DC, Bank MS, Hammerschmidt CR, Pierce A, Basu N, Blum JD, Bustamante P, Chen CY, Driscoll CT, Horvat M, Jaffe D, Pacyna J, Pirrone N, Selin NE. 2016. Importance of integration and implementation of emerging and future mercury research into the Minamata Convention. Environ Sci Technol 50(6):2767-2770. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00573 PMID:26941010
  • Jonsson S, Mazrui NM, Mason RP. 2016. Dimethylmercury formation mediated by inorganic and organic reduced sulfur surfaces. Sci Rep 6:27958. doi:10.1038/srep27958 PMID:27302323 PMCID:PMC4908375
  • Karimi R, Chen CY, Folt CL. 2016. Comparing nearshore benthic and pelagic prey as mercury sources to lake fish: the importance of prey quality and mercury content. Sci Total Environ 565:211-221. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.162 PMID:27173839 PMCID:PMC4939281
  • Kwon SY, Blum JD, Chen CY, Meattey DE, Mason RP. 2016. Correction to mercury isotope study of sources and exposure pathways of methylmercury in estuarine food webs in the Northeastern US. Environ Sci Technol 50(6):3283. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00898 PMID:26948851 PMCID:PMC5104410
  • Lee C, Fisher NS. 2016. Methylmercury uptake by diverse marine phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 61:1626-1639. doi:10.1002/lno.10318
  • Lee C, Lutcavage ME, Chandler E, Madigan DJ, Cerrato R, Fisher NS. 2016. Declining mercury concentrations in bluefin tuna reflect reduced emissions to the north atlantic ocean. Environ Sci Technol 50(23):12825-12830. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b04328 PMID:27934271 PMCID:PMC5161346
  • Mazrui NM, Jonsson S, Thota S, Zhao J, Mason RP. 2016. Enhanced availability of mercury bound to dissolved organic matter for methylation in marine sediments. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 194:153-162. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.08.019 PMID:28127088 PMCID:PMC5257343
  • Sunderland EM, Driscoll CT, Hammitt JK, Grandjean P, Evans J, Blum JD, Chen CY, Evers DC, Jaffe D, Mason RP, Goho S, Jacobs W. 2016. Benefits of regulating hazardous air pollutants from coal and oil-fired utilities in the United States. Environ Sci Technol 50(5):2117-2120. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00239 PMID:26848613



  • Chen CY, Borsuk M, Bugge DM, Hollweg TA, Balcom PH, Ward DM, Williams J, Mason RP. 2014. Benthic and pelagic pathways of methylmercury bioaccumulation in estuarine food webs of the Northeast United States. PLoS One 9:e89305. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089305 PMID:24558491 PMCID:PMC3928433
  • Kwon SY, Blum JD, Chen CY, Meattey DE, Mason RP. 2014. Mercury isotope study of sources and exposure pathways of methylmercury in estuarine food webs in the Northeastern US. Environ Sci Technol 48(17):10089-10097. doi:10.1021/es5020554 PMID:25116221 PMCID:PMC4151785
  • Schartup AT, Balcom PH, Mason RP. 2014. Sediment-porewater partitioning, total sulfur, and methylmercury production in estuaries. Environ Sci Technol 48(2):954-960. doi:10.1021/es403030d PMID:24344684 PMCID:PMC4074365
  • Speir SL, Chumchal MM, Drenner RW, Cocke W, Lewis ME, Whitt HJ. 2014. Methyl mercury and stable isotopes of nitrogen reveal that a terrestrial spider has a diet of emergent aquatic insects. Environ Toxicol Chem 33:2506-2509. doi:10.1002/etc.2700 PMID:25077687
  • Taylor VF, Bugge DM, Jackson BP, Chen CY. 2014. Pathways of CH3Hg and Hg ingestion in benthic organisms: an enriched isotope approach. Environ Sci Technol 48(9):5058-5065. doi:10.1021/es404159k PMID:24678910 PMCID:PMC4014141


  • Broadley HJ, Buckman KL, Bugge DM, Chen CY. 2013. Spatial variability of metal bioaccumulation in estuarine killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) at the Callahan mine superfund site, Brooksville, ME. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 65(4):765-778. doi:10.1007/s00244-013-9952-y PMID:24022459 PMCID:PMC3874394
  • Dijkstra JA, Buckman KL, Ward D, Evans DW, Dionne M, Chen CY. 2013. Experimental and natural warming elevates mercury concentrations in estuarine fish. PLoS One 8(3):e58401. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058401 PMID:23554891 PMCID:PMC3595298
  • Kirk JL, Lehnherr I, Andersson M, Braune BM, Chan L, Dastoor AP, Durnford D, Gleason AL, Loseto LL, Steffen A, St. Louis VL. 2013. Mercury in Arctic marine ecosystems: sources, pathways and exposure. Environ Res 119:64-87. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.08.012 PMID:23102902 PMCID:PMC4142812
  • Lambert KF, Evers DC, Warner KA, King SL, Selin NE. 2013. Integrating mercury science and policy in the marine context: challenges and opportunities. Environ Res 119:132-142. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.06.002 PMID:22901766 PMCID:PMC4271454
  • Mason RP, Balcolm P, Hollweg TA, Chen CY, Schartup AT. 2013. Methylmercury production in pristine and anthropogenically impacted sediments. Environ Sci Technol 47:695-700.


  • Brooks RT, Eggert SL, Nislow KH, Kolka RK, Chen CY, Ward DM. 2012. Preliminary assessment of mercury accumulation in Massachusetts and Minnesota seasonal forest pools. Wetlands 32:653-663. doi:10.1007/s13157-012-0298-4
  • Chen CY. 2012. Methylmercury effects and exposures: who is at risk?. Environ Health Perspect 120:A224-5. doi:10.1289/ehp.1205357 PMID:22659330 PMCID:PMC3385461
  • Chen CY, Driscoll CT, Lambert KF, Mason RP, Rardin LR, Serrell N, Sunderland EM. 2012. Marine mercury fate: from sources to seafood consumers. Environ Res 119:1-2. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.10.001 PMID:23121885
  • Chen CY, Kamman NC, Shanley J, Chalmers A, Jackson BP, Taylor VF, Smeltzer E, Stangel P, Shambaugh A, Miller EK. 2012. Mercury in the pelagic food web of Lake Champlain. Ecotoxicology 21(3):705-718. doi:10.1007/s10646-011-0829-4 PMID:22193540 PMCID:PMC4309279
  • Chen CY, Kamman NC, Williams JJ, Bugge DM, Taylor VF, Jackson BP, Miller EK. 2012. Spatial and temporal variation in mercury bioaccumulation by zooplankton in Lake Champlain (North America). Environ Pollut 161:343-349. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2011.08.048 PMID:21995871 PMCID:PMC3356698
  • Costa MF, Landing WM, Kehrig HA, Barletta M, Holmes CD, Barrocas PG, Evers DC, Buck DG, Vasconcellos AC, Hacon SS, Moreira JC, Malm O. 2012. Mercury in tropical and subtropical coastal environments. Environ Res 119:88-100. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.07.008 PMID:22901765 PMCID:PMC4070745
  • Davis JA, Looker RE, Yee D, Marvin-Di Pasquale M, Grenier JL, McKee LJ, Greenfield BK, Brodberg R, Blum JD, Austin CM. 2012. Reducing methylmercury accumulation in the food webs of San Francisco Bay and its local watersheds. Environ Res 119:3-26. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.10.002 PMID:23122771 PMCID:PMC4062181
  • Driscoll CT, Chen CY, Hammerschmidt CR, Mason RP, Gilmour CC, Sunderland EM, Greenfield BK, Buckman KL, Lamborg CH. 2012. Nutrient supply and mercury dynamics in marine ecosystems: A conceptual model. Environ Res 119:118-131. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.05.002 PMID:22749872 PMCID:PMC3646528
  • Glaholt SP, Chen CY, Demidenko E, Bugge DM, Folt CL, Shaw JR. 2012. Adaptive iterative design (AID): a novel approach for evaluating the interactive effects of multiple stressors on aquatic organisms. Sci Total Environ 432:57-64. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.05.074 PMID:22717606 PMCID:PMC3411930
  • Harris R, Pollman C, Hutchinson D, Landing WM, Axelrad D, Morey SL, Dukhovskoy D, Vijayaraghavan K. 2012. A screening model analysis of mercury sources, fate and bioaccumulation in the Gulf of Mexico. Environ Res 119:53-63. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.08.013 PMID:23102631
  • Harris R, Pollman C, Landing WM, Evans DW, Axelrad D, Hutchinson D, Morey SL, Rumbold D, Dukhovskoy D, Adams DH, Vijayaraghavan K, Holmes CD, Atkinson R, Myers T, Sunderland EM. 2012. Mercury in the Gulf of Mexico: sources to receptors. Environ Res 119:42-52. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.08.001 PMID:23098613
  • Jackson BP, Bugge DM, Ranville JF, Chen CY. 2012. Bioavailability, toxicity, and bioaccumulation of quantum dot nanoparticles to the amphipod Leptocheirus plumulosus. Environ Sci Technol 46(10):5550–5556. doi:10.1021/es202864r PMID:22471552 PMCID:PMC3353010
  • Karagas MR, Sunderland EM, Amirbahman A, Burgess NM, Dalziel J, Harding G, Jones SH, Kamai E, Shi X, Chen CY. 2012. Mercury sources and fate in the Gulf of Maine. Environ Res 119:27-41. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.03.011 PMID:22572623 PMCID:PMC3442131
  • Mason RA. 2012. A framework for a mercury monitoring and assessment program: Synthesis and future research. Chapter 6 in: Mercury in the Environment. UC Press,
  • Mason RP, Choi AL, Fitzgerald WF, Hammerschmidt CR, Lamborg CH, Soerensen AL, Sunderland EM. 2012. Mercury biogeochemical cycling in the ocean and policy implications. Environ Res 119:101-117. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.03.013 PMID:22559948 PMCID:PMC3427470
  • Taylor VF, Jackson BP, Siegfried MR, Navratilova J, Francesconi KA, Kirshtein J, Voytek M. 2012. Arsenic speciation in food chains from mid-Atlantic hydrothermal vents. Environ Chem 9(2):130-138. doi:10.1071/en11134 PMID:23741175 PMCID:PMC3670190
  • Ward DM, Nislow KH, Folt CL. 2012. Do low-mercury terrestrial resources subsidize low-mercury growth of stream fish? Differences between species along a productivity gradient. PLoS One 7(11):e49582. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049582 PMID:23166717 PMCID:PMC3500304


  • Fisher NS, Chen CY. 2011. Interdisciplinary approaches for addressing marine contamination issues. Environ Conserv 38:187-198. doi:10.1017/s0376892911000269
  • Gilbert-Diamond D, Cottingham KL, Gruber JF, Punshon T, Sayarath V, Gandolfi A, Baker E, Jackson BP, Folt CL, Karagas MR. 2011. Rice consumption contributes to arsenic exposure in US women. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(51):20656-20660. doi:10.1073/pnas.1109127108 PMID:22143778 PMCID:PMC3251121
  • Ward DM, Nislow KH, Folt CL. 2011. Seasonal shift in the effects of predators on juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) energetics. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 68:2080-2089. doi:10.1139/f2011-123 PMID:27812237 PMCID:PMC5089841



  • Chen CY. 2009. China's mercury problem: a sleeping giant?. China Environment Series 10 (2008/2009) 57-62.
  • Chen CY, Dionne M, Mayes BM, Ward DM, Sturup S, Jackson BP. 2009. Mercury bioavailability and bioaccumulation in estuarine food webs in the Gulf of Maine. Environ Sci Technol 43(6):1804-1810. doi:10.1021/es8017122 PMID:19368175 PMCID:PMC2670462



  • Blum JD, Bergquist BA. 2007. Reporting of variations in the natural isotopic composition of mercury. Anal Bioanal Chem 388(2):353-9. PMID:17375289
  • Driscoll CT, Han Y, Chen CY, Evers DC, Lambert KF, Holsen TM, Kamman NC, Munson RK. 2007. Mercury contamination in forest and freshwater ecosystems in the Northeastern United States. Bioscience 57(1):17-28. doi:10.1641/B570106
  • Evers DC, Han Y, Driscoll CT, Kamman NC, Goodale M, Lambert KF, Holsen TM, Chen CY, Clair TA, Butler T. 2007. Biological mercury hotspots in the Northeastern United States and Southeastern Canada. Bioscience 57(1):29-43. doi:10.1641/b570107
  • Hogan LS, Marschall E, Folt CL, Stein R. 2007. How non-native species in Lake Erie influence trophic transfer of mercury and lead to top predators. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33(1):46-61. doi:10.3394/0380-1330(2007)33[46:HNSILE]2.0.CO;2
  • Karimi R, Chen CY, Pickhardt PC, Fisher NS, Folt CL. 2007. Stoichiometric controls of mercury dilution by growth. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104(18):7477-7482. doi:10.1073/pnas.0611261104 PMID:17456601 PMCID:PMC1863492
  • Shaw JR, Gabor K, Hand E, Lankowski A, Durant L, Thibodeau R, Stanton CR, Barnaby R, Coutermarsh BA, Karlson KH, Sato J, Hamilton JW, Stanton BA. 2007. Role of glucocorticoid receptor in acclimation of killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) to seawater and effects of arsenic. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 292(2):R1052-R1060. doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00328.2006 PMID:17038445
  • Shaw JR, Glaholt SP, Greenberg NS, Sierra-Alvarez R, Folt CL. 2007. Acute toxicity of arsenic to Daphnia pulex: influence of organic functional groups and oxidation state. Environ Toxicol Chem 26(7):1532-7. PMID:17665696
  • Sturup S, Folt CL, Karagas MR, Rees JR, Chen CY. 2007. Toenail mercury and dietary fish consumption. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17(1):25-30. doi:10.1038/sj.jes.7500516 PMID:16912698
  • Ward DM, Nislow KH, Armstrong JD, Einum S, Folt CL. 2007. Is the shape of the density-growth relationship for stream salmonids evidence for exploitative rather than interference competition?. J Anim Ecol 76(1):135-138. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2006.01169.x PMID:17184361


  • Cook J, Denslow ND, Iguchi T, Linney EA, Miracle A, Shaw JR, Viant MR, Zacharewski TR. 2006. "Omics" approaches in the context of environment toxicology. (In: Emerging Molecular and Computational Approaches for Cross-Species Extrapolations). Chapter 1in: Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Annual Meeting 2006. Washington, DC. pp.1-29.
  • Cook J, Denslow ND, Iguchi T, Linney EA, Miracle AL, Shaw JR, Viant MR, Zacharewski TR. 2006. "Omics" approaches in the context of human and environmental toxicology. Chapter 1 in: Genomic Approaches for Cross-Species Extrapolation in Toxicology. pp.1-25.
  • Jackson BP, Harper S, Smith L, Flinn J. 2006. Elemental mapping and quantitative analysis of Cu, Zn, and Fe in rat brain sections by laser ablation ICP-MS. Anal Bioanal Chem 384(4):951-957. doi:10.1007/s00216-005-0264-6 PMID:16402172
  • Karimi R, Folt CL. 2006. Beyond macronutrients: element variability and multielement stoichiometry in freshwater invertebrates. Ecol Lett 9(12):1273-1283. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00979.x PMID:17118001
  • Renshaw CE, Bostick BC, Feng X, Wong CK, Winston ES, Karimi R, Folt CL, Chen CY. 2006. Impact of land disturbance on the fate of arsenical pesticides. J Environ Qual 35(1):61-67. doi:10.2134/jeq2005.0096 PMID:16391277
  • Shaw JR, Dempsey TD, Chen CY, Hamilton JW, Folt CL. 2006. Comparative toxicity of cadmium, zinc, and mixtures of cadmium and zinc to daphnids. Environ Toxicol Chem 25(1):182-189. doi:10.1897/05-243R.1 PMID:16494240
  • Sofyan A, Shaw JR, Birge WJ. 2006. Metal trophic transfer from algae to cladocerans and the relative importance of dietary metal exposure. Environ Toxicol Chem 25(4):1034-1041. PMID:16629142
  • Stanton CR, Thibodeau R, Lankowski A, Shaw JR, Hamilton JW, Stanton BA. 2006. Arsenic inhibits CFTR-mediated chloride secretion by killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) opercular membrane. Cell Physiol Biochem 17(5-6):269-78. PMID:16791002


  • Chen CY, Folt CL. 2005. High plankton abundance reduces trophic transfer of mercury. SETAC News
  • Chen CY, Folt CL. 2005. High plankton densities reduce mercury biomagnification. Environ Sci Technol 39(1):115-121. doi:10.1021/es0403007 PMID:15667084
  • Chen CY, Stemberger RS, Kamman NC, Mayes BM, Folt CL. 2005. Patterns of Hg bioaccumulation and transfer in aquatic food webs across multi-lake studies in the northeast US. Ecotoxicology 14(1-2):135-147. doi:10.1007/s10646-004-6265-y PMID:15934168
  • Kennedy BP, Nislow KH, Blum JD, Chamberlain CP, Folt CL. 2005. Comparing naturally occurring stable isotopes of nitrogen, carbon and strontium as markers for juvenile salmon rearing locations. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62(1):48-57.
  • Pickhardt PC, Folt CL, Chen CY, Klaue B, Blum JD. 2005. Impacts of zooplankton composition and algal enrichment on the accumulation of mercury in an experimental freshwater food web. Sci Total Environ 339(1-3):89-101. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.07.025 PMID:15740761
  • Sturup S, Chen CY, Jukosky J, Folt CL. 2005. Isotope dilution quantification of 200Hg2+ and CH3 201Hg+ enriched species-specific tracers in aquatic systems by cold vapor ICPMS and algebraic de-convoluting. J Mass Spectrom 242(2-3):225-231.


  • Chen CY, Hathaway KM, Folt CL. 2004. Multiple stress effects of Vision herbicide, pH, and food on zooplankton and larval amphibian species from forest wetlands. Environ Toxicol Chem 23(4):823-831. PMID:15095876
  • Kennedy BP, Klaue B, Blum JD, Folt CL. 2004. Integrative measures of consumption rates in salmon: expansion and application of a trace element approach. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 41(5):1009-1020.
  • Nislow KH, Sepulveda A, Folt CL. 2004. Linking hydrologic regime mechanistically to summer growth of age-0 Atlantic salmon. Trans Am Fish Soc 133(1):79-88.


  • Quinn MR, Feng X, Folt CL, Chamberlain CP. 2003. Analyzing trophic transfer of heavy metals in stream food webs using nitrogen isotopes. Sci Total Environ 317(1-3):73-89. PMID:14630413


  • Bell R, Bielmyer G, Galvez F, Hogstrand C, LeBlanc G, Lee BW, Luoma SN, Purcell T, Santore RC, Santschi P, Shaw JR. 2002. Biological Processes of silver uptake, distribution, and elimination. In: Toxicity of Silver in the Environment: Transport, Fate, and Effects. SETAC Press, Pensacola, FL.
  • Benoit G, Bowles KC, DiToro DM, Herrin RT, Kramer JR, Luther, III GW, Manolopoulos H, Robillard KA, Shafer MM, Shaw JR. 2002. Environmental chemistry of silver. In: Toxicity of Silver in the Environment: Transport, Fate, and Effects. SETAC Press, Pensacola, FL.
  • Bury NR, Shaw JR, Glover C, Hogstrand C. 2002. Derivation of a toxicity-based model to predict how water chemistry influences silver toxicity to invertebrates. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 133(1-2):259-270. doi:10.1016/S1532-0456(02)00096-0 PMID:12356532
  • Chen CY, Folt CL. 2002. Ecophysiological Responses to warming events by two sympatric zooplankton species. Journal of Plankton Research 24(6):579-589. PMID:12368701
  • Folt CL, Chen CY, Pickhardt PC. 2002. Using plankton food web variables as indicators for the accumulation of toxic metals in fish. In: Technology-Driven Biomarkers And Their Application To Environmentally Associated Disease. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL.
  • Kennedy BP, Klaue A, Blum JD, Folt CL, Nislow KH. 2002. Reconstructing the lives of fish using Sr isotopes in otoliths. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59(6):925-929.
  • Nislow KH, Magilligan FJ, Folt CL, Kennedy BP. 2002. Within-basin variation in the short-term effects of a major flood on stream fishes and invertebrates. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 17(2):305-318.
  • Pickhardt PC, Folt CL, Chen CY, Klaue B, Blum JD. 2002. Algal blooms reduce the uptake of toxic methylmercury in freshwater food webs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(7):4419-4423. doi:10.1073/pnas.072531099 PMID:11904388 PMCID:PMC123663


  • Chiavelli DA, Marsh JW, Taylor RK. 2001. The mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin of Vibrio cholerae promotes adherence to zooplankton. Appl Environ Microbiol 67(7):3220-3225. PMID:11425745
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