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Your Environment. Your Health.

Project Publications: University of Kentucky: Chloro-Organic Degradation by Polymer Membrane Immobilized Iron-Based Particle Systems

Superfund Research Program

Chloro-Organic Degradation by Polymer Membrane Immobilized Iron-Based Particle Systems

Project Leader: Dibakar Bhattacharyya
Grant Number: P42ES007380
Funding Period: 2000-2019
View this project in the NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools (RePORT)

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  • Aher A, Nickerson T, Jordan C, Thorpe F, Hatakeyama E, Ormsbee LE, Majumder M, Bhattacharyya D. 2020. Ion and organic transport in Graphene oxide membranes: Model development to difficult water remediation applications. J Memb Sci 604:12. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118024 (in press)
  • Aher A, Sarma R, Crocker M, Bhattacharyya D. 2020. Selective molecular separation of lignin model compounds by reduced graphene oxide membranes from solvent-water mixture. Sep Purif Technol 230:doi:10.1016/j.seppur.2019.115865 PMID:31903045 PMCID:PMC6941755
  • Brewer D, Travis E, Koempel A, Ormsbee LE, Pennell KG. 2020. Community forum identifies opportunities to engage with community leaders about chronic disease and environmental pollution in Eastern Kentucky. Appl Environ Educ Commun 19:187-204. doi:10.1080/1533015X.2019.1597660 PMID:32973411 PMCID:PMC7510481
  • Hoover AG, Koempel A, Christian WJ, Tumlin KI, Pennell KG. 2020. Appalachian environmental health literacy: Building knowledge and skills to protect health. J Appalach Health 2:doi:10.13023/jah.0201.06
  • Saad A, Mills R, Wan H, Mottaleb MA, Ormsbee LE, Bhattacharyya D. 2020. Thermoresponsive adsorption-desorption of perfluoroorganics from water using PNIPAm hydrogels and pore functionalized membranes. J Memb Sci 599:doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2020.117821 PMID:32095035 PMCID:PMC7039651
  • Wan H, Islam S, Briot N, Schnobrich M, Pacholik L, Ormsbee LE, Bhattacharyya D. 2020. Pd/Fe nanoparticle integrated PMAA-PVDF membranes for chloro-organic remediation from synthetic and site groundwater. J Memb Sci 594:doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2019.117454 PMID:31929677 PMCID:PMC6953629




  • Aher A, Cai Y, Majumder M, Bhattacharyya D. 2017. Synthesis of graphene oxide membranes and their behavior in water and isopropanol. Carbon N Y 116:145-153. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.01.086
  • Aher A, Papp JK, Colburn AS, Wan H, Hatakeyama E, Prakash P, Weaver B, Bhattacharyya D. 2017. Naphthenic acids removal from high TDS produced water by persulfate mediated iron oxide functionalized catalytic membrane, and by nanofiltration. Chem Eng J 327:573–583. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2017.06.128 PMID:29398952 PMCID:PMC5791545
  • Hernandez S, Porter C, Zhang X, Wei Y, Bhattacharyya D. 2017. Layer-by-layer assembled membranes with immobilized porins. RSC Adv 7:56123-56136. doi:10.1039/c7ra08737c PMID:29391943 PMCID:PMC5788187
  • Sarma R, Islam S, Miller A, Bhattacharyya D. 2017. Layer-by-layer-assembled laccase enzyme on stimuli -responsive membranes for chloro-organics degradation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9(17):14858-14867. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b01999 PMID:28397501
  • Wan H, Briot N, Saad A, Ormsbee LE, Bhattacharyya D. 2017. Pore functionalized PVDF membranes with in-situ synthesized metal nanoparticles: material characterization, and toxic organic degradation. J Memb Sci 530:147-157. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.021 PMID:29398774 PMCID:PMC5793928


  • Colburn AS, Meeks ND, Weinman SA, Bhattacharyya D. 2016. High total dissolved solids water treatment by charged nanofiltration membranes relating to power plant applications. Ind Eng Chem Res 55(14):4089-4097. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.6b00098
  • Davenport DM, Gui M, Ormsbee LE, Bhattacharyya D. 2016. Development of PVDF membrane nanocomposites via various functionalization approaches for environmental applications. Polymers 8(2):32. doi:10.3390/polym8020032
  • Hernandez S, Saad A, Ormsbee LE, Bhattacharyya D. 2016. Nanocomposite and responsive membranes for water treatment. In: Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment. Elsevier, pp.389-431.


  • Gui M, Papp JK, Colburn AS, Meeks ND, Weaver B, Wilf I, Bhattacharyya D. 2015. Engineered iron/iron oxide functionalized membranes for selenium and other toxic metal removal from power plant scrubber water. J Memb Sci 488:79-91. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2015.03.089 PMID:26327740 PMCID:PMC4552196
  • Hernandez S, Lei S, Rong W, Ormsbee LE, Bhattacharyya D. 2015. Functionalization of flat sheet and hollow fiber microfiltration membranes for water applications. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 4(3):907-918. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.5b01005
  • Xiao L, Davenport DM, Ormsbee LE, Bhattacharyya D. 2015. Polymerization and functionalization of membrane pores for water related applications. Ind Eng Chem Res 54(16):4174-4182. doi:10.1021/ie504149t PMID:26074669 PMCID:PMC4461045



  • Lewis SR, Smuleac V, Xiao L, Bhattacharyya D. 2013. Tunable Separations, Reactions, and Nanoparticle Synthesis in Functionalized Membranes. Chapter 5 in: Responsive Membranes and Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, United Kingdom. pp.97-142.
  • Smuleac V, Xiao L, Bhattacharyya D. 2013. Greener and Other Approaches To Synthesize Fe and Pd Nanoparticles in Functionalized Membranes and Hydrogel. Chapter 3 in: Sustainable Nanotechnology and the Environment: Advances and Achievements. American Chemical Society, Washington, pp.41-58.
  • Xiao L, Isner AB, Hilt JZ, Bhattacharyya D. 2013. Temperature responsive hydrogel with reactive nanoparticles. J Appl Polym Sci 128(3):1804-1814. doi:10.1002/app.38335
  • Zahran EM, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2013. Reactivity of Pd/Fe bimetallic nantubes in dechlorination of coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls. Chemosphere 91:165-171. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.12.037 PMID:23332879 PMCID:PMC4526161


  • Gui M, Smuleac V, Ormsbee LE, Sedlak DL, Bhattacharyya D. 2012. Iron oxide nanoparticle synthesis in aqueous and membrane systems for oxidative degradation of trichloroethylene from water. Journal of Nanoparticle Research 14:861. doi:10.1007/s11051-012-0861-1
  • Meeks ND, Smuleac V, Stevens C, Bhattacharyya D. 2012. Iron-based nanoparticles for toxic organic degradation: silica platform and green synthesis. Ind Eng Chem Res 51(28):9581-9590. doi:10.1021/ie301031u PMID:22899876 PMCID:PMC3417209


  • Lewis S, Datta S, Gui M, Coker EL, Huggins F, Daunert S, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2011. Reactive nanostructured membranes for water purification. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(21):8577-8582. doi:10.1073/pnas.1101144108 PMID:21606340 PMCID:PMC3102394
  • Smuleac V, Varma R, Baruwati B, Sikdar SK, Bhattacharyya D. 2011. Nanostructured membranes for enzyme catalysis and green synthesis of nanoparticles. ChemSusChem 4(12):1773–1777. doi:10.1002/cssc.201100211 PMID:22086852
  • Smuleac V, Varma R, Sikdar SK, Bhattacharyya D. 2011. Green synthesis of Fe and Fe/Pd bimetallic nanoparticles in membranes for reductive degradation of chlorinated organics. J Memb Sci 379:131-137. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2011.05.054 PMID:22228920 PMCID:PMC3252031
  • Zahran EM, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2011. Development of reactive Pd/Fe bimetallic nanotubes for dechlorination reactions. J Mater Chem 21:10454-10462. doi:10.1039/C1JM11435B


  • Ladhe A, Xu J, Hollman AM, Smuleac V, Bhattacharyya D. 2010. Functionalized Membranes for Sorption, Separation and Reaction: An Overview. Chapter 1.02 in: Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering. Elsevier Science, pp.13-27.
  • Meeks ND, Rankin S, Bhattacharyya D. 2010. Sulfur-functionalization of porous silica particles and application to mercury vapor sorption. Ind Eng Chem Res 49(10):4687-4693. doi:10.1021/ie901580k
  • Smuleac V, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2010. Aqueous - phase synthesis of PAA in PVDF membrane pores for nanoparticle synthesis and dichlorobiphenyl degradation. J Memb Sci 346(2):310-317. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2009.09.052 PMID:20161475 PMCID:PMC2794051
  • Smuleac V, Wu J, Nemser S, Majumdar S, Bhattacharyya D. 2010. Novel perfluorinated polymer-based pervaporation membranes for the separation of solvent/water mixtures. J Memb Sci 352(1-2):41-49. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2010.01.058 PMID:22879688 PMCID:PMC3413247



  • Datta S, Cecil C, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. Functionalized membranes by layer-by-layer assembly of polyelectrolytes and in situ polymerization of acrylic acid for applications in enzymatic catalysis. Ind Eng Chem Res 47:4586-4597. doi:10.1021/ie800142d
  • Ladhe A, Frailie P, Hua D, Darsillo M, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. Thiol-functionalized silica-mixed matrix membranes for silver capture from aqueous solutions: Experimental results and modeling. J Memb Sci 326:460-470. PMID:20098490
  • Tee Y, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. "Synthesis of Chitosan Membrane-Embedded Bimetallic Nanoparticles for the Remediation of Chlorinated Organics. Chapter 8 in: Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications. John Wiley, pp.189-216.
  • Venkatachalam K, Arzuaga X, Chopra N, Gavalas VG, Xu J, Bhattacharyya D, Hennig B, Bachas LG. 2008. Reductive dechlorination of 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB77) using palladium or palladium/iron nanoparticles and assessment of the reduction in toxic potency in vascular endothelial cells. J Hazard Mater 159(2-3):483-491. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.02.109 PMID:18423858 PMCID:PMC3247144
  • Xu J, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. Synthesis of Nanostructured Bimetallic Particles in Polyligand- Functionalized Membranes for Remediation Applications. In: Nanotechnology for Environmental Applications. John Wiley,
  • Xu J, Bhattacharyya D. 2008. Modeling of Fe/Pd nanoparticle-based functionalized membrane reactor for PCB dechlorination at room temperature. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112:9133-9144. doi:10.1021/jp7097262


  • Xu J, Bhattacharyya D. 2007. Fe/Pd nanoparticle immobilization in microfiltration membrane pores: synthesis, characterization and application in dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls. Ind Eng Chem Res 46(8):2348-2359.


  • Ahuja DK. 2006. Degradation of toxic chloroethylenes and chloroaromatics by vitamin B12-Based reductive dechlorination and by hydroxyl radical-based oxidative dechlorination reactions. .
  • Ahuja DK, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2006. Modified fenton reaction for trichlorophenol dechlorination by enzymatically generated H2O2 and gluconic acid chelate. Chemosphere 66(11):2193-200. PMID:17166556
  • Bhattacharyya D, Hollman AM, Xu J. 2006. Functionalized microporous membranes for environmental and bio applications. In: Proceedings of the Interamerican Chemical Engineering Congress. Argentina.
  • Smuleac V, Butterfield DA, Bhattacharyya D. 2006. Layer-by-layer-assembled microfiltration membranes for biomolecule immobilization and enzymatic catalysis. Langmuir 22(24):10118-24. PMID:17107008
  • Tee Y. 2006. Destruction study of toxic chlorinated organics using bimetallic nanoparticles and membrane reactor: synthesis, characterization, and modeling. .
  • Tee Y, Bhattacharyya D. 2006. Nanoparticles Embedded Membrane Reactor for the Reductive Degradation of Chlorinated Organics: TCE and PCB Studies. In: Membrane Advances. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,
  • Venkatachalm K, Gavalas VG, Xu S, Leon AC, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2006. Poly(amino acid)-facilitated electrochemical growth of metal nanoparticles. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 6(8):2408-12. PMID:17037848


  • Li Y, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Kinetics studies of trichlorophenol destruction by chelate-based fenton reaction. Environ Eng Sci 22(6):756-771.
  • Meyer DE. 2005. Membrane Immobilized Iron/Nickel Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Application to Organic Dechlorination (Thesis). .
  • Meyer DE, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG, Ritchie SM. 2005. Membrane-based Nanostructured Metals for Reductive Degradation of Hazardous Organics. Chapter 890 in: ACS Symposium Series: Nanotechnology and the Environment: Applications and Implications. Clarendon Press, pp.256-267.
  • Meyer DE, Williams M, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Reverse Osmosis. In: Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,
  • Tee Y, Grulke E, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Role of Ni/Fe nanoparticle composition on the degradation of trichloroethylene from water. Ind Eng Chem Res 44(18):7062-7070.
  • Xu J, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Membrane-based bimetallic nanoparticles for environmental remediation:. Environmental Progress 24(4):358-366.
  • Xu J, Dozier A, Bhattacharyya D. 2005. Synthesis of nanoscale bimetallic particles in polyelectrolyte membrane matrix for reductive transformation of halogenated organic compounds. Journal of Nanoparticle Research 7(4-5):449-467.


  • Ahuja DK, Gavalas VG, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2004. Aqueous-phase dechlorination of toxic chloroethylenes by vitamin B-12 cobalt center: Conventional and polypyrrole film-based electrochemical studies. Ind Eng Chem Res 43(4):1049-1055.
  • Hollman AM, Scherrer NT, Cammers-Goodwin A, Bhattacharyya D. 2004. Separation of dilute electrolytes in poly(amino acid) functionalized microporous membranes: model evaluation and experimental results. J Memb Sci 239(1):65-79.
  • Meyer DE, Wood K, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2004. Degradation of chlorinated organics by membrane-immobilized nanosized metals. Environmental Progress 23(3):232-242.


  • Bhanushali D, Bhattacharyya D. 2003. Advances in solvent-resistant nanofiltration membranes: experimental observations and applications. Ann N Y Acad Sci 984:159-177. PMID:12783816
  • Tee Y, Grulke E, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2003. Polyethyleneimine-based materials for the synthesis of nanosized metal and subsequent toxic organics degradation. In: Proceedings of the AlChE (American Institute of Chemical Engineers) Annual Meeting, November 16-21, 2003. San Franciso, CA.
  • Xu J, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2003. Synthesis of nanoscale metal particles for reductive transformation of halogenated compounds. In: Proceedings of the AlChE (American Institute of Chemical Engineers) Annual Meeting, November 16-21, 2003. San Franciso, CA.


  • Bhanushali D, Kloos S, Bhattacharyya D. 2002. Solute transport in solvent-resistant nanofiltration membranes for non-aqueous systems: experimental results and the role of solute-solvent coupling. J Memb Sci 208(1-2):343-359.
  • Bhattacharyya D, Ritchie SM. 2002. An overview of selected membrane techniques for environmental applications. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Chemical Engineers 33(1):61-66.
  • Butterfield DA, Colvin J, Liu J, Wang J, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2002. Electron paramagnetic resonance spin label titration: a novel method to investigate random and site-specific immobilization of enzymes onto polymeric membranes with different properties. Anal Chim Acta 470:29-36.
  • Hollman AM, Bhattacharyya D. 2002. Controlled permeability and ion exclusion in microporous membranes functionalized with poly(L-glutamic acid). Langmuir 18(15):5946-5952.
  • Ritchie SM, Bhattacharyya D. 2002. Membrane-based hybrid processes for high water recovery and selective inorganic pollutant separation. J Hazard Mater 92(1):21-32. PMID:11975996


  • Bhanushali D, Kloos S, Kurth C, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Performance of solvent-resistant membranes for non-aqueous systems: solvent permeation results and modeling. J Memb Sci 189(1):1-21.
  • Butterfield DA, Bhattacharyya D, Daunert S, Bachas LG. 2001. Catalytic biofunctional membranes containing site-specifically immobilized enzyme arrays: a review. J Memb Sci 181(1):29-37.
  • Gavalas VG, Andrews R, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2001. Carbon nanotube sol-gel composite materials. Nano Lett 1(12):719-721.
  • Hestekin JA, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Poly(amino acid)-functionalized cellulosic membranes: metal sorption mechanisms and results. Ind Eng Chem Res 40(12):2668-2678.
  • Liu J, Wang J, Bachas LG, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Activity studies of immobilized subtilisin on functionalized pure cellulose-based membranes. Biotechnol Prog 17(5):866-871. PMID:11587576
  • Ritchie SM, Kissick KE, Bachas LG, Sikdar SK, Parikh C, Bhattacharyya D. 2001. Polycysteine and other polyamino acid functionalized microfiltration membranes for heavy metal capture. Environ Sci Technol 35(15):3252-3258. PMID:11506016
  • Wang J, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2001. Improving the activity of immobilized subtilisin by site-directed attachment through a genetically engineered affinity tag. Fresenius J Anal Chem 369(3-4):280-285. PMID:11293705
  • Wang J, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2001. Orientation specific immobilization of organophosphorus hydrolase on magnetic particles through gene fusion. Biomacromolecules 2(3):700-705. PMID:11710024


  • Badr IH, Hestekin JA, Bhattacharyya D, Bachas LG. 2000. Electrochemical assay for highly charged polyamino acids: Application to polyamino acid functionalized microfiltration membranes. Electroanalysis 12(17):1368-1372.


  • Gotpagar JK, Lyuksyutov S, Cohn R, Grulke E, Bhattacharyya D. 1999. Reductive dehalogenation of trichloroethylene with zero-valent iron: Surface profiling microscopy and rate enhancement studies. Langmuir 15(24):8412-8420.


  • Bhattacharyya D, Hestekin JA, Brushaber P, Cullen L, Bachas LG, Sikdar SK. 1998. Novel poly-glutamic acid functionalized microfiltration membranes for sorption of heavy metals at high capacity. J Memb Sci 141(1):121-135.
  • Ganapathi-Desai S, Butterfield DA, Bhattacharyya D. 1998. Kinetics and active fraction determination of a protease enzyme immobilized on functionalized membranes: mathematical modeling and experimental results. Biotechnol Prog 14(6):865-873. PMID:9841648
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