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Your Environment. Your Health.

Project Publications: Brown University: Indoor Air Concentration Dynamics and Vapor Intrusion

Superfund Research Program

Indoor Air Concentration Dynamics and Vapor Intrusion

Project Leader: Eric M. Suuberg
Grant Number: P42ES013660
Funding Period: 2009-2021
View this project in the NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools (RePORT)

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  • Xie S, Suuberg EM. 2020. Very low concentration adsorption isotherms of trichloroethylene on common building materials. Build Environ 179:11. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.106954
  • Yao Y, Xiao Y, Luo J, Wang G, Strom J, Suuberg EM. 2020. High-frequency fluctuations of indoor pressure: A potential driving force for vapor intrusion in urban areas. Sci Total Environ 710:doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136309 PMID:31926413
  • Zhang M, Yamada K, Bourguet S, Guelfo J, Suuberg EM. 2020. Vapor pressure of nine perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) determined using the Knudsen Effusion Method. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data 65:2332-2342. doi:10.1021/acs.jced.9b00922


  • McDonough CA, Guelfo J, Higgins CP. 2019. Measuring total PFASs in water: the tradeoff between selectivity and inclusivity. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health 7:13-18. doi:10.1016/j.coesh.2018.08.005
  • Strom J, Guo Y, Yao Y, Suuberg EM. 2019. Factors affecting temporal variations in vapor intrusion-induced indoor air contaminant concentrations. Build Environ 161:doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.106196
  • Verginelli I, Yao Y, Suuberg EM. 2019. Risk Assessment Tool for Chlorinated Vapor Intrusion Based on a Two-Dimensional Analytical Model Involving Vertical Heterogeneity. Environ Eng Sci 36(8):969-980. doi:10.1089/ees.2018.0468
  • Wang G, Ma S, Strom J, Suuberg EM, Yao Y, Zeng L. 2019. Investigating two-dimensional soil gas transport of trichloroethylene in vapor intrusion scenarios involving surface pavements using a pilot-scale tank. J Hazard Mater 371:138-145. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.02.069 PMID:30849568
  • Yao Y, Zuo J, Luo J, Cheng Q(, Strom J, Suuberg EM. 2019. An examination of the building pressure cycling technique as a tool in vapor intrusion investigations with analytical simulations. J Hazard Mater doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121915 PMID:31882341 PMCID:PMC7082193 (accepted for publication)


  • Guelfo J, Adamson DT. 2018. Evaluation of a national data set for insights into sources, composition, and concentrations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in U.S. drinking water. Environ Pollut 236:505-513. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.01.066 PMID:29427949 PMCID:PMC5849529
  • Guelfo J, Marlow T, Klein D, Savitz D, Frickel S, Crimi M, Suuberg EM. 2018. Evaluation and management strategies for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in drinking water aquifers: Perspectives from impacted US northeast communities. Environ Health Perspect 126:13. doi:10.1289/ehp2727 PMID:29916808
  • Yao Y, Verginelli I, Suuberg EM, Eklund B. 2018. Examining the Use of USEPA's Generic Attenuation Factor in Determining Groundwater Screening Levels for Vapor Intrusion. Ground Water Monit Remediat 38(2):79-89. doi:10.1111/gwmr.12276 PMID:30524180 PMCID:PMC6277045



  • McAlary T, McHugh T, Eklund B, Lutes C, Suuberg EM, Hayes H, Pennell KG, Folkes D, Dawson H, Truesdale R, Beckley L, Holton C. 2016. Comments and corrections to: “The Emperor's Old Clothes: An Inconvenient Truth About Currently Accepted Vapor Intrusion Assessment Methods,” and “Emperor's Old Clothes Revisited,” two recent editorials by Mark Kram. Ground Water Monit Remediat 36:84-87. doi:10.1111/gwmr.12166
  • Pennell KG, Scammell MK, McClean MD, Suuberg EM, Moradi A, Moradi A, Roghani M, Ames J, Friguglietti L, Indeglia PA, Shen R, Yao Y, Heiger-Bernays WJ. 2016. Field data and numerical modeling: a multiple lines of evidence approach for assessing vapor intrusion exposure risks. Sci Total Environ 556:291-301. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.185 PMID:26977535 PMCID:PMC4844003
  • Shen R, Suuberg EM. 2016. Impacts of changes of indoor air pressure and air exchange rate in vapor intrusion scenarios. Build Environ 96:178-187. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.11.015 PMID:28090133 PMCID:PMC5228218
  • Verginelli I, Suuberg EM, Yao Y, Wang Y, Ma J. 2016. Estimating the oxygenated zone beneath building foundations for petroleum vapor intrusion assessment. J Hazard Mater 312:84-96. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.03.037 PMID:27016669 PMCID:PMC5283078
  • Verginelli I, Yao Y, Suuberg EM. 2016. An excel((R))-based visualization tool of two-dimensional soil gas concentration profiles in petroleum vapor intrusion. Ground Water Monit Remediat 36:94-100. PMID:28163564 PMCID:PMC5287490
  • Yao Y, Verginelli I, Suuberg EM. 2016. A two-dimensional analytical model of petroleum vapor intrusion. Water Resour Res 52(2):1528-1539. doi:10.1002/2015WR018320 PMID:28255184 PMCID:PMC5330280
  • Yao Y, Wang Y, Verginelli I, Suuberg EM, Ye J. 2016. Comparison between PVI2D and Abreu-Johnson's model for petroleum vapor intrusion assessment. Vadose Zone Journal 15:doi:10.2136/vzj2016.07.0063 PMID:29398981 PMCID:PMC5792088




  • Dannemiller KC, Murphy JS, Dixon SL, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM, Jacobs DE, Sandel M. 2013. Formaldehyde concentrations in household air of asthma patients determined using colorimetric detector tubes. Indoor Air 23(4):285-294. doi:10.1111/ina.12024 PMID:23278296 PMCID:PMC3710296
  • Fu J, Rice JW, Suuberg EM. 2013. Phase Behavior and Thermochemical Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives. In: Handbook of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Chemistry, Occurrence, and Health Issues. Nova Publishers, New York,
  • Fu J, Suuberg EM. 2013. Thermochemical and vapor pressure behavior of anthracene and brominated anthracene mixtures. Fluid Phase Equilib 342:60-70. doi:10.1016/j.fluid.2012.12.036 PMID:24319314 PMCID:PMC3848959
  • Perron MM, Burgess RM, Suuberg EM, Cantwell MG, Pennell KG. 2013. Performance of passive samplers for monitoring estuarine water column concentrations: 1. Contaminants of concern. Environ Toxicol Chem 32(10):2182-2189. doi:10.1002/etc.2321 PMID:23832638 PMCID:PMC3979968
  • Rice JW, Fu J, Suuberg EM. 2013. Thermodynamic and Phase Behavior of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures. In: Handbook of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Chemistry, Occurrence, and Health Issues. Nova Publishers, New York,
  • Shen R, Yao Y, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2013. Modeling quantification of the influence of soil moisture on subslab vapor concentration. Environ Sci Process Impacts 15:1444-1451. doi:10.1039/c3em00225j PMID:23752876 PMCID:PMC3756691
  • Yao Y, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2013. Simulating the effect of slab features on vapor intrusion of crack entry. Build Environ 59:417-425. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2012.09.007 PMID:23359620 PMCID:PMC3555425
  • Yao Y, Shen R, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2013. A numerical investigation of oxygen concentration dependence on biodegradation rate laws in vapor intrusion. Environ Sci Process Impacts 15(12):2345-2354. doi:10.1039/c3em00421j PMID:24197079 PMCID:PMC3897126
  • Yao Y, Shen R, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2013. A review of vapor intrusion models. Environ Sci Technol 47(6):2457-2470. doi:10.1021/es302714g PMID:23360069 PMCID:PMC3604123
  • Yao Y, Shen R, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2013. Estimation of contaminant subslab concentration in vapor intrusion including lateral source-building separation. Vadose Zone Journal 12(3):doi:10.2136/vzj2012.0157 PMID:24795543 PMCID:PMC4006780
  • Yao Y, Shen R, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2013. Examination of the U.S. EPA's vapor intrusion database based on models. Environ Sci Technol 47:1425-1433. doi:10.1021/es304546f PMID:23293835 PMCID:PMC3565061
  • Yao Y, Shen R, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2013. Examination of the influence of environmental factors on contaminant vapor concentration attenuation factors using the U.S. EPA's vapor intrusion database. Environ Sci Technol 47:906-913. doi:10.1021/es303441x PMID:23252837 PMCID:PMC3557812



  • Andersen ME, Clewell H, Carmichael PL, Boekelheide K. 2011. Can case study approaches speed implementation of the NRC report: "toxicity testing in the 21st century: a vision and a strategy?". ALTEX 28(3):175-182. PMID:21993955 PMCID:PMC3943477 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Bhattacharya S, Zhang Q, Carmichael PL, Boekelheide K, Andersen ME. 2011. Toxicity testing in the 21 century: defining new risk assessment approaches based on perturbation of intracellular toxicity pathways. PLoS One 6(6):doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020887 PMID:21701582 PMCID:PMC3118802 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Fu J, Rice JW, Suuberg EM. 2011. Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures. In: Crystallization/Book 2. Intech Publishing, Rijeka, Croatia.
  • Fu J, Suuberg EM. 2011. Solid vapor pressure for five heavy PAHs via the Knudsen effusion method. J Chem Thermodyn 43:1660–1665. doi:10.1016/j.jct.2011.05.030 PMID:22021935 PMCID:PMC3196620 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Fu J, Suuberg EM. 2011. Vapor pressure of solid polybrominated diphenyl ethers determined via Knudsen effusion method. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine 30:2216-2219. doi:10.1002/etc.621 PMID:21766320 PMCID:PMC3634866 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Grimshaw P, Calo JM, Hradil G. 2011. Co-electrodeposition/removal of copper and nickel in a spouted electrochemical reactor. Ind Eng Chem Res 50(16):9532–9538. doi:10.1021/ie200670g PMID:21874093 PMCID:PMC3160638 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Grimshaw P, Calo JM, Shirvanian PA, Hradil G. 2011. Electrodeposition/removal of nickel in a spouted electrochemical reactor. Ind Eng Chem Res 50(16):9525–9531. doi:10.1021/ie200669b PMID:22039317 PMCID:PMC3203021 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Liu J, Pennell KG, Hurt RH. 2011. Kinetics and mechanisms of nanosilver oxysulfidation. Environ Sci Technol 45(17):7345–7353. doi:10.1021/es201539s PMID:21770469 PMCID:PMC3164758 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Maccani MA, Padbury JF, Marsit CJ. 2011. miR-16 and miR-21 expression in the placenta is associated with fetal growth. PLoS One 6:doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021210 PMID:21698265 PMCID:PMC3115987 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Pacheco SE, Christensen BC, Marsit CJ, Kelsey KT, Sigman M, Boekelheide K. 2011. Integrative DNA methylation and gene expression analyses identify DNA packaging and epigenetic regulatory genes associated with low motility sperm. PLoS One 6:doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020280 PMID:21674046 PMCID:PMC3107223 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Rice JW, Suuberg EM. 2011. Thermodynamics of Multicomponent PAH Mixtures and Development of Tar-Like Behavior. Ind Eng Chem Res 50(6):3613-3620. doi:10.1021/ie102325d PMID:21442010 PMCID:PMC3062962 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Robins J, Marsit CJ, Padbury J, Sharma S. 2011. Endocrine disruptors, environmental oxygen, epigenetics and pregnancy. Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 3:690-700. PMID:21196344 PMCID:PMC3050574 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Yao Y, Shen R, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2011. Comparison of the Johnson-Ettinger vapor intrusion screening model predictions with full three-dimensional model results. Environ Sci Technol 46(6):2227–2235. doi:10.1021/es102602s PMID:21344848 PMCID:PMC3664551 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Zhitkovich A. 2011. Chromium in drinking water: sources, metabolism, and cancer risks. Chem Res Toxicol 24(10):1617–1629. doi:10.1021/tx200251t PMID:21766833 PMCID:PMC3196244 (Completed with ARRA Funds)



  • Bozkurt O, Pennell KG, Suuberg EM. 2009. Simulation of the vapor intrusion process for non-homogeneous soils using a three-dimensional numerical model. Ground Water Monit Remediat 29(1):92-104. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2008.01218.x PMID:20664816 PMCID:PMC2907115
  • Pennell KG, Bozkurt O, Suuberg EM. 2009. Development and application of a three-dimensional finite element vapor intrusion model. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 59(4):447-460. PMID:19418819
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