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Your Environment. Your Health.

Person Details: Ian M. Kennedy

Superfund Research Program

Ian M. Kennedy

University of California-Davis
Department of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering
2094 Bainer Hall
Davis, California 95616
Phone: 530-752-2796
Fax: 530-752-4158


Research Briefs


Hazardous Waste Sites

Frontier Fertilizer

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  • Das GK, Anderson DS, Wallis C, Carratt SA, Kennedy IM, Van Winkle LS. 2016. Novel multi-functional europium-doped gadolinium oxide nanoparticle aerosols facilitate the study of deposition in the developing rat lung. Nanoscale 8(22):11518-11530. doi:10.1039/c6nr00897f PMID:27198643 PMCID:PMC5025943
  • Vogel CF, Charrier JG, Wu D, McFall AS, Li W, Abid AD, Kennedy IM, Anastasio C. 2016. Physicochemical properties of iron oxide nanoparticles that contribute to cellular ROS-dependent signaling and acellular production of hydroxyl radical. Free Radic Res 50(11):1153-1164. doi:10.3109/10715762.2016.1152360 PMID:27558512









  • Dosev D, Nichkova MJ, Kennedy IM. 2008. Inorganic lanthanide nanophosphors in biotechnology. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 8(3):1052-1067. PMID:18468107
  • Son A, Dhirapong A, Dosev D, Kennedy IM, Weiss RH, Hristova KR. 2008. Rapid and quantitative DNA analysis of genetic mutations for polycystic kidney disease (PKD) using magnetic/luminescent nanoparticles. Anal Bioanal Chem 390(7):1829-1835. doi:10.1007/s00216-008-1892-4 PMID:18256809
  • Son A, Nichkova MJ, Dosev D, Kennedy IM, Hristova KR. 2008. Luminescent lanthanide nanoparticle labels in DNA-based microarray approach for quantification of MTBE degrading bacteria. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 8(5):2463-7. doi:10.1166/jnn.2008.347 PMID:18572664


  • Chang M, Dosev D, Kennedy IM. 2007. Zeta-potential analyses using micro electrical field flow fractionation with fluorescent nanoparticles. Sens Actuators B Chem 124(1):172-178. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2006.12.019 PMID:18542710 PMCID:PMC2000823
  • Dosev D, Nichkova MJ, Dumas RK, Gee SJ, Hammock BD, Liu K, Kennedy IM. 2007. Magnetic/luminescent core/shell particles synthesized by spray pyrolysis and their application in immunoassays with internal standard. Nanotechnology 18(5):055102(6pp). PMID:18974844
  • Gojova A, Guo B, Kota RS, Rutledge JC, Kennedy IM, Barakat AI. 2007. Induction of inflammation in vascular endothelial cells by metal oxide nanoparticles: effect of particle composition. Environ Health Perspect 115(3):403-409. PMID:17431490
  • Guo B, Harvey AS, Neill J, Kennedy IM, Navrotsky A, Risbud SH. 2007. Synthesis of monoclinic and cubic heavy rare earth sesquioxide nanoparticles in a gas-phase flame process. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 90(11):3683-3686. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2007.01961.x
  • Guo B, Kennedy IM. 2007. Gas-phase flame synthesis and characterization of iron oxide nanoparticles for use in a health effects study. Aerosol Science and Technology 41:944-951.
  • Kennedy IM. 2007. The health effects of combustion-generated aerosols. Proc Combust Inst 31:2757-2770.
  • Nichkova MJ, Dosev D, Davies AE, Gee SJ, Kennedy IM, Hammock BD. 2007. Multiplexed immunoassays for biomonitoring of exposure to agrochemicals using quantum dots as fluorescent reporters. Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 6448:644817-1. doi:10.1117/12.699231
  • Nichkova MJ, Dosev D, Davies AE, Gee SJ, Kennedy IM, Hammock BD. 2007. Quantum dots as reporters in multiplexed immunoassays for biomarkers of exposure to agrochemicals. Anal Lett 40(7):1423-1433. doi:10.1080/00032710701327088 PMID:19079795 PMCID:PMC2600528
  • Nichkova MJ, Dosev D, Gee SJ, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2007. Multiplexed immunoassays for proteins using magnetic luminescent nanoparticles for internal calibration. Anal Biochem 369(a):34-40. PMID:17681270
  • Son A, Dosev D, Nichkova MJ, Ma Z, Kennedy IM, Scow KM, Hristova KR. 2007. Quantitative DMA hybridization in solution using magnetic/luminescent core-shell nanoparticles. Anal Biochem 370:186-194. PMID:17869209
  • Tanyeri M, Perron R, Kennedy IM. 2007. Lasing droplets in a microfabricated channel. Opt Lett 32(17):2529-2531. PMID:17767294
  • Tanyeri M, Perron R, Kennedy IM. 2007. Lasing droplets in a microfluidic T-junction device with integrated optics. Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 6465:


  • Cummins CM, Koivunen ME, Stephanian A, Gee SJ, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2006. Application of europium(III) chelate-dyed nanoparticle labels in a competitive atrazine fluoroimmunoassay on an ITO waveguide. Biosens Bioelectron 21(7):1077-1085. PMID:16368482
  • Dosev D, Guo B, Kennedy IM. 2006. Photoluminescence of Eu3+:Y2O3 as an indication of crystal structure and particle size in nanoparticles synthesized by flame spray pyrolysis. J Aerosol Sci 37(3):402-412.
  • Dosev D, Nichkova MJ, Dumas RK, Liu K, Kennedy IM. 2006. Spray pyrolysis synthesis of particles possessing magnetic and luminescent properties: application of magnetic/luminescent particles in immunoassays. Chapter 6036 in: BioMEMs and Nanotechnology II. Proceedings of SPIE, pp.209-218.
  • Guo B, Harvey AS, Risbud SH, Kennedy IM. 2006. The formation of cubic and monoclinic Y 2 O 3 nanoparticles in a gas-phase flame process. Philosophical Magazine Letters 86(7):457-467.
  • Jung HS, Guo B, Anastasio C, Kennedy IM. 2006. Quantitative measurements of the generation of hydroxyl radicals by soot particles in a surrogate lung fluid. Atmos Environ (1994) 40:1043-1052.
  • Kennedy IM. 2006. Optical Biosensors. Chapter Vol. 7 in: Encyclopedia of Sensors. American Scientific Publishers, pp.93-105.
  • Nichkova MJ, Dosev D, Perron R, Gee SJ, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2006. Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 nanoparticles as reporters for optical detection and visualization of antibodies patterned by microcontact printing. Anal Bioanal Chem 384(3):631-637. PMID:16416096
  • Werner M, Nico P, Guo B, Kennedy IM, Anastasio C. 2006. Laboratory study of simulated atmospheric transformations of chromium in ultrafine combustion aerosol particles. Aerosol Science and Technology 40(7):545-556.


  • Dosev D, Nichkova MJ, Liu M, Guo B, Liu G, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2005. Application of luminescent Eu:Gd2O3 nanoparticles to the visualization of protein micropatterns. J Biomed Opt 10(6):064006. doi:10.1117/1.2136347 PMID:16409071
  • Dosev D, Nichkova MJ, Liu M, Guo B, Liu G, Xia Y, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2005. Application of fluorescent Eu:Gd2O3 nanoparticles to the visualization of protein micropatterns. Chapter 5699 in: Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules and Cells: Fundamentals and Applications: III (Proceedings of SPIE). SPIE Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineering, San Jose, CA. pp.473-481.
  • Nichkova MJ, Dosev D, Gee SJ, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2005. Microarray immunoassay for phenoxybenzoic acid using polymer encapsulated Eu:Gd2O3 nanoparticles as fluorescent labels. Anal Chem 77(21):6864-6873. doi:10.1021/ac050826p PMID:16255584


  • Guo B, Kennedy IM. 2004. The speciation and morphology of chromium oxide nanoparticles in a diffusion flame. Aerosol Science and Technology 38(5):424-436.
  • Kennedy IM, Koivunen ME, Gee SJ, Cummins CM, Perron R, Dosev D, Hammock BD. 2004. Nanoscale fluoro-immuno assays with lanthanide oxide nanoparticles. Chapter 5593 in: Nanosensing: Materials and Devices (Proceedings of SPIE). SPIE Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineering, Bellingham, WA. pp.329-339.


  • Feng J, Shan G, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2003. Fluorescence quenching competitive immunoassay in micro droplets. Biosens Bioelectron 18(8):1055-1063. PMID:12782469
  • Ko Y, Yang G, Chang DP, Kennedy IM. 2003. Microwave plasma conversion of volatile organic compounds. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 53(5):580-585. PMID:12774991
  • Nichkova MJ, Feng J, Sanchez-Baeza F, Marco M, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2003. Competitive quenching fluorescence immunoassy for chlorophenols based on laser-induced fluorescence detection in microdroplets. Anal Chem 75(1):83-90. PMID:12530822
  • Wilcox BP, McIlroy A, Chrysostom ET, Daily JW, Kennedy IM. 2003. Measurement of CrO in flames by cavity ringdown spectroscopy. Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 77(5):535-540.
  • Zhou Y, Zhong C, Kennedy IM, Pinkerton KE. 2003. Pulmonary responses of acute exposure to ultrafine iron particles in healthy adult rats. Environ Toxicol Chem 18(4):227-235. PMID:12900941


  • Feng J, Shan G, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2002. Fluorescence quenching competitive fluoroimmunoassay in micro droplets. In: Methods for Ultrasensitive Detection II, Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering. SPIE, Bellingham, WA. pp.118-127.
  • Leppert VJ, Harvey AS, McCool GD, Quinlan FT, Feng J, Shan G, Stroeve P, Risbud SH, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. 2002. Long-wavelength emitting nanocrystals for bioassay applications. In: Nanoscale Optics and Applications. Proceedings of SPIE, pp.110-121.
  • Zhang Y, Kelly PB, Kennedy IM. 2002. Resonant Raman-scattering measurements of trichloroethene in a thermal boundary layer. Appl Opt 41(15):2962-2972. PMID:12027186
  • Zhang Y, Kennedy IM. 2002. Oxidation of trichloroethene in stagnation flows over inert and catalytic heated ceramic surfaces. Combustion and Flame 131:436-451.


  • Guo B, Kennedy IM. 2001. The impact of chlorine on chromium speciation in a laminar diffusion flame. Combustion and Flame 126:1557-1568.
  • Matveeva EG, Shan G, Kennedy IM, Gee SJ, Hammock BD. 2001. Homogeneous fluoroimmunoassay of a pyrethroid metabolite in urine. Anal Chim Acta 444:103-117.


  • Kennedy IM, Zhang Y, Jones AD, Chang DP, Kelly PB, Yoon Y. 1999. Morphology of chromium emissions from a laminar hydrogen diffusion flame. Combustion and Flame 116(1-2):233-242.


  • Yang G, Jones AD, Kennedy IM. 1998. The impact of turbulent mixing on the oxidation of a chlorinated hydrocarbon. Environ Sci Technol 32(9):1265-1268.
  • Yu S, Yoon Y, Muller-Roosen M, Kennedy IM. 1998. A two-dimensional discrete-sectional model for metal aerosol dynamics in a flame. Aerosol Science and Technology 28(3):185-196.
  • Zhang Y, Yoon Y, Kelly PB, Kennedy IM. 1998. Measurement of quenching cross sections for laser-induced fluorescence of atomic arsenic. Appl Opt 37(30):7132-7136. PMID:18301538


  • Kennedy IM. 1997. Models of soot formation and oxidation. Prog Energy Combust Sci 23:95-132.
  • Yu S, Kennedy IM. 1997. An approximate method to calculate the collision rates of a discrete-sectional model. Aerosol Science and Technology 27(2):266-273.


  • Allen TM, Bezabeh DZ, Smith CH, McCauley EM, Jones AD, Chang DP, Kennedy IM, Kelly PB. 1996. Speciation of arsenic oxides using laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Anal Chem 68(22):4052-4059. PMID:8916457
  • Kennedy IM, Rapp CY, Santoro RJ. 1996. Modeling and measurements of soot and species in a laminar diffusion flame. Combustion and Flame 107(4):368-382.
  • Villalobos SA, Anderson MJ, Denison MS, Hinton DE, Tullis K, Kennedy IM, Jones AD, Chang DP, Yang G, Kelly PB. 1996. Dioxin-like properties of a trichloroethylene combustion-generated aerosol. Environ Health Perspect 104(7):734-743. PMID:8841759
  • Yu S, Kennedy IM. 1996. Modeling of chromium aerosols in diffusion flames. In: Proceedings of the Western States Section/The Combustion Institute, Paper WSS 96F-111. Los Angeles, CA. pp.1-22.
  • Zhang Y, Yoon Y, Kelly PB, Kennedy IM. 1996. LIF measurements of atomic arsenic in laminar hydrogen and methan diffusion flames. In: Proceedings of the Western States Section/The Combustion Institute, Fall Meeting, Paper WSS 96F-112. Los Angeles, CA. pp.1-10.


  • Yoon Y, Reyes C, Jones AD, Kelly PB, Chang DP, Kennedy IM. 1995. The behavior of chromium in laminar hydrogen and ethene diffusion flames. In: Proceedings of the Western States Section/The Combustion Institute Fall Meeting. Stanford, CA. pp.1-13.
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